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Impliquer la femme dans la gestion des réssources naturelles en RDC

La RDC est choisi parmi les priorités mondiales pour la protection de l'environnement dans le processus REDD+.
L'accés aux réssources naturelles est indispensable pour améliorer la productivité des agricultures; étant donné que les femmes ont un role crucial dans l'environnement et la production agricole de la RDC, il faudra avant tout garantir aux agriculteurs comme aux agricultrices un accés suffisant aux facteurs de production et aux services d'appui pour améliorer la productivité.
Parmi les petits exploitants, les hommes assi bien que les femmes n'ont pas suffisament accés aux réssources agricoles, mais les femmes sont géneralement encore plus défavorisées dans ce domaine.
Partout, en RDC, les femmes n'ont pas accés comme elles devraient à la terre, aux organisations, au crédit, aux intrants, aux technologies agricoles, à la formation et la vulgarisation, ainsi qu'aux services de commercialisation.
La pénerie en terres agricoles de qualité pour des petits exploitants, qui est un probleme dans des nombreuses régions du monde, résulte de la dégradation de l'environnement de la conversion des terres à xdes usages non agricoles,de la pression démographique et de la monopolisation des terres par un nombre toujours plus restreint de grands propriétaires, en particulier des sociétés transnationales.
Néanmoins, dans le monde des études ont montré que lorsque les femmes ont accés aux réssources, elles sont plus productives que les hommes. C'est le cas du Kenya ou' on a constaté que la valeur moyenne brute de la production à l'hectare des parcelles exploitées par des hommes est généralement supérieur de 8% par rapport à celle des femmes; mais quand les femmes emploient les memes réssources que les hommes, leur productivité augmente de 22%( Saito,1994)
AFEDECO encadre les femmes victimes de violence sexuelles et basées sur le genre dans les activités agricole et protection de la biodiversité dans la plaine de la RUZIZI à l'Est de la RDC, envue de leur autonomisation et promouvoir le leadership feminin, à travers une coopérative agricole pour la promotion de la chaine des valeurs agricole. Le warrantage est une approche qui garantit le crédit aux femmes encadrées dans notre structure.

English translation by community member J.Buchanan

Women in the Management of Natural Resources in the DRC

The DRC has been set as a global priority for the protection of the environment by the REDD+ process (a UN-sponsored program for the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation).

Access to natural resources is important to increase the productivity of farmers; and given that women play a crucial role in the environment and in agricultural production, we must above all guarantee sufficient access to production and support services for farmers (both men and women).

Among small producers, men—as well as women—do not have adequate access to agricultural resources, but women generally have less. Everywhere in the DRC women do not have sufficient access to agricultural land, to organizations, to loans and credit, to agricultural technology, to training programs, as well as to marketing programs.

The shortage of agricultural land for small producers is a problem in many regions of the world, and results in the degradation of the environment, in the conversion of non-agricultural land, in demographic pressure, and the monopolization of land by transnational companies. However, studies across the world have shown that when women have access to resources, they are more productive than men. This is the case, in for example Kenya; the observed average rate of production per hectare in land worked by men is generally greater by 8% than land worked by women. But when women possess the same resources as men, their productivity rises by 22% (Saito 1994).

AFEDECO involves women who have been victims of sexual and gender based violence in agricultural production and environmental protection activities in the Ruzizi plain in eastern DRC. This initiative aims to strengthen female leadership across an agricultural collective and to promote a chain of agricultural value. Involvement in this association guarantees credit to participants.

Comments

En RDC, l'accés à la terre par la propriété ou par un mode de faire valoir est la condition sine qua non de l'améation de la productivité agricole. Sans droit garanti sur la terre, les femmes ont peu ou n'ont pas qccés au crédit ou avantages de l'affiliation ausx organisations rurales par les quelles transitent souvent les intrants et les services agricoles. A suivre

IR NABINTU

J.Buchanan's picture

Translation

“Women in the Management of Natural Resources in the DRC”
The DRC has been set as a global priority for the protection of the environment by the REDD+ process (a UN-sponsored program for the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation).

Access to natural resources is important to increase the productivity of farmers; and given that women play a crucial role in the environment and in agricultural production, we must above all guarantee sufficient access to production and support services for farmers (both men and women).

Among small producers, men—as well as women—do not have adequate access to agricultural resources, but women generally have less. Everywhere in the DRC women do not have sufficient access to agricultural land, to organizations, to loans and credit, to agricultural technology, to training programs, as well as to marketing programs.

The shortage of agricultural land for small producers is a problem in many regions of the world, and results in the degradation of the environment, in the conversion of non-agricultural land, in demographic pressure, and the monopolization of land by transnational companies. However, studies across the world have shown that when women have access to resources, they are more productive than men. This is the case, in for example Kenya; the observed average rate of production per hectare in land worked by men is generally greater by 8% than land worked by women. But when women possess the same resources as men, their productivity rises by 22% (Saito 1994).

AFEDECO involves women who have been victims of sexual and gender based violence in agricultural production and environmental protection activities in the Ruzizi plain in eastern DRC. This initiative aims to strengthen female leadership across an agricultural collective and to promote a chain of agricultural value. Involvement in this association guarantees credit to participants.

J.Buchanan's picture

Merci pour avoir écrit ce

Merci pour avoir écrit ce journal. Il me paraît que vous et votre association faites de travail intéressant qui a vraiment l'air de faire changer les choses. Bon courage et je vous félicite !

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