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solution sur les violations des droits humains en R D Congo

NGABO asbl
ASSOCIATION FEMININE POUR LA DEFENSE DES DROITS HUMAINS ET DE DEVELOPPEMENT
E-mail :brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel : +243 997280029, +243 859364063
BUKAVU/R.D.CONGO
ACTIVITES DE LUTTE CONTRE LES VIOLENCES FAITES A LA FEMME
A. PROBLEMATIQUE : Plusieurs organisations nationales ou internationales de défense des droits humains s’engagent à réduire les actes de violence faites à la femme et fille dans notre pays la R.D.Congo .Néanmoins les cas de viols et violences saxo - spécifiques ne font qu’augmenter au jour le jour. Nous félicitons toutes ces organisations pour leurs bonnes initiatives et leur dévouement à sauver les vulnérables.
La persistance de ces cas, nous a inspiré d’initier une mission d’évaluation et d’étude des causes profondes des violences sexuelles en vue d’élaborer un plan annuel d’intervention qui vise à les diminuer sensiblement. Dans notre rayon d’action, nous avons identifié deux causes principales autours desquelles gravitent des causes secondaires notamment : le machisme et le banditisme.
a)Les cultures machistes : Le machisme est une idéologie fondée sur l’opinion que l’homme est socialement supérieur à la femme ; le phallocentrisme.
b) le banditisme : Le banditisme est l’ensemble des actions criminelles commis contre quelqu’un par sadisme ou bien par égoïsme.
Ces deux concepts véhiculent la pratique de viol et violation des droits de la femme considérée comme droit ou bien devoir de l’homme de par la culture.
Si nous prenons uniquement l’exemple de mariage dans les cultures des populations des moyens et haut –plateaux de Fizi, Mwenga-Uvira, nous trouverons des pratiques culturelles rétrogrades qui sont malheureusement tolérées :
Pour se marier, un garçon du village X doit aller se convenir avec le grand frère de la fille qu’il désire épouser sans que celle-ci le sache.
Apres compromis avec le grand frère, le monsieur doit recruter deux ou trois amis qui vont venir l’aider à prendre la fille par force. C’est le mariage par rapt.
En cours de route, ces trois garçons devront, l’un après l’autre coucher avec la jeune fille avant de la laisser à son époux.
Ces genres de pratiques culturelles et beaucoup d’autres encore, sont visiblement des comportements agressives et oppressives à l’égard de la femme. La discrimination de la femme à la pise des décisions dans des familles. Que dire encore, toutes ces guerres avec ses effets de banditismes que nous connaissons en R.D.Congo se répercutent sur la femme. Ces effets sont entre autres, le pillage des ressources, la violence sexuelle, les tueries, le recrutement des enfants dans les groupes armés….
Eu égard cette problématique, notre organisation se propose d’intervenir en trois phases :
1. Les activités préventives : La vulgarisation des lois : 1612 et 1825
2. Les activités participatives : La création des noyaux communautaires.
3. Les activités promotionnelles : Mise en œuvre des activités de promotion de la femme.
Brigitte Mawazo
NGABO asbl

English translation by community member Marie-France Gozzo

Solution on Human Rights violations in the DR Congo
3rd in set of three.
NGABO association
WOMEN ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT
E-mail: brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel: +243 997280029, +243 859364063
Bukavu / DR CONGO
ACTIVITIES TO COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
A. PROBLEM: Many national and international organizations of human rights are committed to reducing violence towards women and girls in our country, the DRC. Nevertheless, the cases of rape and sexual violence against women is increasing day by day. We are grateful to these organizations for their good intentions and their dedication to save those who are so vulnerable.
But the growing number of these cases has inspired us to initiate an assessment- mission to study and evaluate the root causes of sexual violence, in order to develop a plan which aims to decrease such cases significantly. In our target area, we have identified two main causes, around which revolve secondary causes, in particular, machismo and banditry
a) macho cultures: Machismo is an ideology based on the belief that man is socially superior to the woman: phallocentric.
b) banditry: banditry are those acts which are committed against someone motivated by sadism or by selfishness.
Both these concepts lead to the acceptance of practices of rape and violations of the rights of women, and couch them as rights or duties of men in this culture.
If we take the example of marriage in the cultures of people residing in the plateaus of Fizi and Uvira Mwenga, we find antiquated cultural practices that are still, unfortunately, tolerated :
To marry, a boy from the village X must simply get the approval of the girl’s older brother: the girl need not be informed of their agreement. Having obtained the brother’s agreement, the young man now enlists the help of two or three friends who will come and help him take the girl away by force: this is marriage by abduction.
Along the way, these three boys will, one after the other, sleep with(rape) the girl before leaving her to husband.
These kinds of cultural practices, and many others, visibly aggressive and oppressive towards women. What else to say, all these wars and their acts of banditry that we know of in the DRC have great repercussions on women. These acts, among others, looting of resources, sexual violence, killings, recruitment of children into armed groups ....
Given this problem, our organization intends to intervene in three phases:
1. Preventive activities: The popularization of laws: 1612 and 1825
2. Participatory activities: Creating Community centers
3. Promotional activities. Implementation of activities promoting women
Brigitte Mawazo
NGABO association

Comments

Translation: January 18, 2013 Solution on Human Rights violations in the DR Congo
3rd in set of three.
NGABO association
WOMEN ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT
E-mail: brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel: +243 997280029, +243 859364063
Bukavu / DR CONGO
ACTIVITIES TO COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
A. PROBLEM: Many national and international organizations of human rights are committed to reducing violence towards women and girls in our country, the DRC. Nevertheless, the cases of rape and sexual violence against women is increasing day by day. We are grateful to these organizations for their good intentions and their dedication to save those who are so vulnerable.
But the growing number of these cases has inspired us to initiate an assessment- mission to study and evaluate the root causes of sexual violence, in order to develop a plan which aims to decrease such cases significantly. In our target area, we have identified two main causes, around which revolve secondary causes, in particular, machismo and banditry
a) macho cultures: Machismo is an ideology based on the belief that man is socially superior to the woman: phallocentric.
b) banditry: banditry are those acts which are committed against someone motivated by sadism or by selfishness.
Both these concepts lead to the acceptance of practices of rape and violations of the rights of women, and couch them as rights or duties of men in this culture.
If we take the example of marriage in the cultures of people residing in the plateaus of Fizi and Uvira Mwenga, we find antiquated cultural practices that are still, unfortunately, tolerated :
To marry, a boy from the village X must simply get the approval of the girl’s older brother: the girl need not be informed of their agreement. Having obtained the brother’s agreement, the young man now enlists the help of two or three friends who will come and help him take the girl away by force: this is marriage by abduction.
Along the way, these three boys will, one after the other, sleep with(rape) the girl before leaving her to husband.
These kinds of cultural practices, and many others, visibly aggressive and oppressive towards women. What else to say, all these wars and their acts of banditry that we know of in the DRC have great repercussions on women. These acts, among others, looting of resources, sexual violence, killings, recruitment of children into armed groups ....
Given this problem, our organization intends to intervene in three phases:
1. Preventive activities: The popularization of laws: 1612 and 1825
2. Participatory activities: Creating Community centers
3. Promotional activities. Implementation of activities promoting women
Brigitte Mawazo
NGABO association

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