Need: African Development Association for Progress - Zimbabwe : Statement of the Problem and Rationale for ADAP_Zimbabwe
Statement of the Problem and Rationale for ADAP_Zimbabwe
a) Health social services and the natural environment
ADAP_Zimbabwe recognises and appreciates the challenges that have faced the development of the social services sector in Zimbabwe since the turn of the 21st millennium. The challenges have been manifest clearly in the provision of social services especially within health and education.The malfunctioning of the health services sector has been felt among households and communities where in recent years the outbreak of common diseases of poverty like cholera, dysentery and typhoid has been prevalent. In most, if not all urban areas across the country erratic supplies of water to residents as a result of the city authorities’ lack of capacity to pump required volumes of water have been daily experiences.
Across urban areas garbage from households has continued to collect around street corners and other open spaces without any foreseeable commitment and sustainable measures to collect the garbage from the city authorities, and/or combat the dumping habit among residents. It has been clear that residents have been left with no option other than to dump in these open spaces because the city authorities long abdicated on their responsibility to collect rubbish from homesteads.
There is therefore a visible link that involves the (lack of) collection of rubbish/garbage across the country’s urban areas, erratic water supplies in homes and the outbreak of diarrhoeal diseases in recent years. This has had multiple effects that have compromised the development of children and youth in urban areas. Spaces that are/were traditionally meant for recreation and sporting grounds for youth and children have been taken up by urban garbage. The urban aesthetic environment has since disappeared under garbage which has collected in parks, street corners, drainage lines and alleys.
ADAP_Zimbabwe’s response in the Health Services Sector & the Natural Environment
ADAP_Zimbabwe appreciates that bringing life to the health services sector requires a multi- stakeholder approach that seeks first to end the collection of rubbish across the country’s urban undesignated open spaces; grounds, streets, backyards etc.
Furthermore, ADAP_Zimbabwe fully appreciates that the natural environment is an indispensable development ally and input that is often looked at as an afterthought if ever there is such a commitment in many development interventions. Thus the ADAP_Zimbabwe programme is aware of environmentally insensitive development interventions and community lifestyles that have resulted in degraded farmland, and urban landscape posing serious risks on the livelihoods of the same communities in the long run.
i. ADAP_Zimbabwe will engage fully the various local authorities in a bid to strengthen their capacity at garbage collection and processing;
ii. Work with local authorities: urban municipals, rural district councils, line Ministries, the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) and other relevant stakeholders in mainstreaming responsibility and care for the natural environment in all development interventions
iii. Facilitate research and community engagement on policy issues and implementation of measures to combat environmental degradation
iv. ADAP_Zimbabwe will engage residents/communities so that they act responsibly and cautiously aware of the health impacts of garbage dumping;
v. ADAP_Zimbabwe will strive to build an active civil society among youth and residents that engages local authorities on matters to do with garbage collection and processing;
vi. ADAP_Zimbabwe will enter into strategic partnerships and alliances with local (Residents Associations) for timely engagement and relay garbage related information between residents and urban local authorities.
b) Youth and Economic Empowerment
Zimbabwe has continued to be among the leading pack of Africa’s most literate countries. This is credited to the government’s policy on universal primary education soon after independence in 1980 which saw large scale enrolment in both primary and secondary education in the early years of the country’s independence.
However, the statistics on Zimbabwe’s literacy has not been matched with life and economic opportunities for the youth. The education system and structure has remained largely didactic and separated from life’s social skills demands. It has continued to produce school and college graduates who lack the technical skill and mentality, and remain unemployable in a job market which also has dearth of technical life skills opportunities. This has led to a scenario where the affected youth easily become get attracted to the mobilising effects of crime, prostitution, redundancy, and drug abuse. The youth have also demonstrated an inherent lack of capacity to positively engage local authorities and government for the improvement of their life situations.
ADAP_Zimbabwe’s response and Youth Economic Empowerment
The value of economic engagement and empowerment is paramount for renewal of societies trapped in disillusionment. ADAP_Zimbabwe will mobilize resources and support socio-economic entrepreneurship training and resources for youth;
i. ADAP_Zimbabwe will partner local technical colleges, vocational training centres and other technical training institutions in facilitating the Integrated Skills Outreach Programme (ISOP) training;
ii. ADAP_Zimbabwe will mobilize resources for the setting up of a youth cultural centre for further youth engagement and expression of different youth technical and social skills;
iii. ADAP_Zimbabwe will facilitate alliances between technical training institutions and vocational training centres across the country for cross learning and associateship between the institutions
c) Youth Engagement and Governance
Zimbabwe like any developing country has a young population that carries with it wider expectations for active participation in development and the resultant responsibility for decision making on issues that affect them. This is the call for youth empowerment.
However, the scenario has been dominated by divisive national politics that has broken youth participation into different camps with no common practical focus on their engagement. This has severely compromised youth participation and engagement outside national party politics. All this is against a background of a very vibrant youth and young population which has all the attributes for excellence and sustainability if facilitated and equipped with the requisite technical-social skills for participation on all issues that concern them as youth.
ADAP_Zimbabwe’s response on Youth Engagement and Governance
ADAP_Zimbabwe will become a leading facilitator of youth and young people engagement and participation. ADAP_Zimbabwe will focus on these key areas when working with the youth;
i. Facilitate and strengthen the participation of youth in community social activities that address health, education, economic empowerment and the environment;
ii. Facilitate youth engagement with relevant stakeholders (government line ministries, departments and other development partners) on issues that affect them;
iii. Enhance social and economic entrepreneurship among the youth and young people
iv. Strengthen the functionality and services of youth friendly activities/centres (ARSH & ICT4 Development interventions)
v. Facilitate and engage on research on urban youth engagement and development