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Seize the space and be heard!

Maria Mustika at RRI Pontianak, West Kalimantan

I have been part of FAMM Indonesia since 2007. I found FAMM as my home that provide me with safe space. So I am very proud to receive email from Bytes for All, inviting me to represent JASS Southeast Asia in the Conference on Freedom of Expression for Civil Liberties held in Bangkok, Thailand on November 21-23, 2013.

In preparation, I did a lot of reading. I was worried that during the forum, I might not be able to give an opinion that supports women. A few days earlier, I also had an extensive discussion with Niken Lestari, national coordinator of Forum Aktivis Perempuan Muda (FAMM or Young Indonesian Women Activists’ Forum) as she recently took part in the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Bali, Indonesia. There she also met Association for Progressive Communications’ (APC’s) Chat Garcia Ramilo who kept urging colleagues from Forum Asia and Bytes For All to include women in the meeting.

At the time of registration, it turned out my name was not in the guest list. I panicked. At that time, all the Bangkok hotels were packed because Bangkok was hosting a lot of fora so it will be very difficult to get a room if one was not registered. Fortunately, some friends from the committee swiftly helped me and I was able to get a room at a nearby hotel. From an Asian Forum committee sharing, I became aware that this event was an effort to give our input to Frank La Rue, UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, regarding the threats and challenges on the freedom of expression in the internet and how it is linked to the political situation in each country.

Participants from Myanmar, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Nepal, Singapore, Cambodia, Philippines, Timor L’este, Laos, Vietnam, Maldives, Sri Lanka, South Korea, and Japan provided a report on their respective countries’ situation. Observers from the US, Norway and Sweden were also present. The forum was also an effort to develop an Asia-wide civil society movement for the protection of freedom of expression on the Internet.

I became aware of the common problems faced by every country in area of freedom of expression in the Southeast Asian region. Indonesia is a country that has its Information and Electronic Transaction Act, a law that can charge defamation to its citizens and this law is also often used to restrict freedom of expression. In countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia and Myanmar -- in the absence of protection of the rights of speech and expression -- journalists and bloggers can be arrested for writing materials considered as “threatening” by the state.

In terms of protection for women in the media, I asked everyone to consider how they would present their public statement especially where women victims of sexual violence is concerned. I was so pleased when my question was answered a few days later by the chair of the Association of Independent Journalists (AJI). AJI made a statement in the media to observe the code of conduct, i.e. in order not to reveal the identity of attacked victims, especially victims of sexual violence.

Women must claim their space in the virtual world and immediately deepen their knowledge of technology and the digital world to protect themselves from a variety of cyber crimes that deliberately target women. Safe surfing in the internet needs to be on the agenda of women's education in order to curb the growing internet “insecurity”. Anonymity in cyberspace is often misused and abused by some unscrupulous groups to lure and trap women into trafficking, prostitution and various other crimes such as fraud with seduction.

On the last day, we discussed various controls by the state through Facebook, Twitter and other social media and how surveillance limits the freedom of expression in various countries. In the virtual world, monitoring is also done covertly which threatened bloggers, journalists and activists.

The participants were agreed to bring the issue at the ASEAN Youth Forum and the ASEAN People's Forum (APF), and include in these meetings the demand for the provision of protection for the public, bloggers, and journalists in order not to lose freedom of expression, particularly in the internet. I was very content that I can delivered women's voices in this international forum. The awareness of women's vulnerabilities in the internet remind me that we must continually seize the space and make our voices heard!

This story was written for World Pulse’s Women Weave the Web Digital Action Campaign. Learn more »



LeanaM's picture

Hello Maria!

Thank you for sharing your story, sounds like you are doing some amazing things!
Will you by any chance be attending IGF this year in Istanbul? We at World Pulse will be presenting the testimonies from this campaign there, so I'd love to meet you if you'll be attending.

Thanks again for writing!

Leana Mayzlina
Digital Action Campaigns Manager
World Pulse

Carolina Torres's picture


Hola Maria,
Thank you for sharing your story. This kind of meeting are so important to share lessons learn across countries. Congrats for your participation. I love to hear more about the agreements and actions to follow in order to provide more security to women in media.

kkrompas's picture

How sad and scary that the

How sad and scary that the internet can be used to turn women into victims. Thank you for your work to make a difference!

Tam's picture

What Important Work

Dear Maria,

This news is so exciting, in so many ways. First, how great to know that you are there, strong vocal determined feminist. Great photo, great TShirt, great story. It is inspiring to learn about this conference taking place, and to know that you made sure that women's voices and concerns were heard. It is inspiring to read about FAMM and the supportive discussions and brainstorming that you are doing together. It is exciting to know that such a large conference took place, and that you spoke and had the chance to network with many others. It is encouraging and so important that you found time and place to address safety for women on line. Keep seizing the space, Sister. So glad to meet you on line!

With Love in Sisterhood,


Kadidia's picture

The internet


It was a great opportunity to be able to participate to such an international gathering.
I agree with you. We need to make the cloud safe for women because we cannot afford not to speak up and the internet has become our virtual platform of communication and exchange.

Kadidia Doumbia

PohChing's picture

Social Media

Support for release of controls on usage of social media...needs supports from people around the world, non-governmental organisations, governments and also international speak up for citizens who have been restrained to use social media as such freedom is part of human rights.

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