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El Derecho Penal del Enemigo

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No había sido casualidad que los gobiernos socialistas manden a la cárcel a todo aquel que se opone a ser esclavizado por el estado. Había habido una corriente de pensamiento que recién estoy conociendo. Se llama Derecho Penal del Enemigo.

Este derecho penal del enemigo, existe, según el profesor Jakobs, y ha permeado las sociedades no solo actuales. El más antiguo indicio de su existencia, tal vez sea el juicio a Jesús, quien no tuvo derecho al debido proceso, y sin ser culpable, ni haberse probado culpa alguna, sufrió los horrores que la humanidad recuerda ya por miles de años.

Este derecho penal del enemigo reconoce que hay medidas excepcionales incorporadas dentro del ordenamiento procesal penal, que sirven solo para procesar enemigos, y se realiza su aplicación judicial y control constitucional, con un cinismo rayano en la locura.

La reacción contra el “enemigo” no se ha limitado al derecho penal, sino que ha tenido su contraparte en el derecho procesal penal. Es decir, existen medidas de limitación de derechos fundamentales cada vez más intensas, como en el caso de escuchas telefónicas, uso de agentes encubiertos, la video vigilancia, y la persecución, infamia y muerte civil para los “enemigos”. Por lo general, todo este paquete, sería utilizado para luchar contra la criminalidad de alta peligrosidad, pero los legisladores que están de acuerdo con la utilización del derecho penal del enemigo, soslayan el hecho de que los enemigos políticos, no son, en su mayoría, criminales peligrosos, sino solamente gente que los puede sacar del poder.

En el caso de Bolivia, desde los mecanismos para la construcción del enemigo, se ha superado cualquier antecedente de la propia historia del país, quedando en muchos casos la justicia sometida al ejecutivo de forma tan grosera, que cuesta encontrar algún resquicio para recuperar la institucionalidad de la justicia y su imperio sobre quienes han sido etiquetados como “enemigos” por el entorno de poder del gobierno actual.

Es importante que se encuentren los elementos que asistan a nuestros conciudadanos bolivianos que sufren el estigma de ser considerados “el enemigo”, pero más allá del oprobio, tenemos que tener no solo en la mente, sino en el corazón, que hay más de 500 familias bolivianas que sufren de indefensión en estas circunstancias, y que han tenido que dejar su patria, sus hogares, sus vidas, para escapar del Derecho Penal del Enemigo, instituido de facto por el gobierno dictador de Evo Morales, pero en especial de Álvaro García Linera, cuyo hermano está definitivamente vinculado al abuso de poder.
Todos podríamos sufrir en cualquier momento de esta dictadura, la aplicación del Derecho Penal del Enemigo en contra de cualquiera. Lo han sufrido ya, incluso cocaleros amigos íntimos del presidente, y gente común que nada tiene que hacer con la política. También lo sufren sectores sociales y gente profesional, que al menor error, ya sea de acción u omisión, se convierten en el “enemigo” favorito del momento, para distraer la atención del pueblo de los temas realmente importantes.

Por todo lo expuesto, es hora de que la comunidad de abogados que todavía no han caído en las redes de compra venta de conciencias que funciona en nuestro país, nos den una mano a los ciudadanos, para activar nuestra voz. Así, estamos decididos a exigir que todo pre candidato a la presidencia por la oposición, nos brinde su posición clara respecto a este manejo de la justicia.

Activar nuestras acciones para analizar y agendar el tema del Derecho Penal del Enemigo, es entonces, no solo algo deseable, sino más bien, algo imperativo. Algo así como ir al médico cuando estamos enfermos. Simplemente lógico. Completamente sanador.

English translation by community member J.Buchanan

Criminal Law for the Enemy

It is not a coincident that socialists send dissidents to jail, becoming slave to the state. There has been a recent current of thought that I just learned about. It is called the criminal law for the enemy.

According to Professor Jakobs, criminal law for the enemy is real and has affected societies both past and present. The oldest sign of its existence could be the judgment of Jesus, who didn’t have the right to due process and was neither guilty nor convicted of any offense and suffered horrors that are still remembered even a thousand years later.

This criminal law for the enemy recognizes that there are exceptional measures that are incorporated into criminal procedural law that are used to prosecute criminals. But this is enforced by judicial and constitutional control with a cynicism that borders on madness.

The reaction against the “enemy” has not been limited to criminal law, but also in criminal prosecution law. This means that measures exist which limit basic rights, such as listening to telephone calls, use of secret police, video surveillance, and persecution, notoriety, and death for “enemies.” In general, this package can be used to fight against dangerous criminality, but legislators who agree with the use of criminal law for the enemy sidestep the fact that most political enemies are not dangerous criminals. They are often just people who may be able to remove them from power.

In Bolivia, since the mechanism for the construction of the enemy has superseded any precedent set before in the history of the country, the judicial branch is rudely subjected to the powers of executive branch. The executive branch then tries to exercise judicial powers through some loophole and rule over those who have been labeled “enemies” by the current government.

It’s important that we come up with ideas that can help our fellow Bolivians who are suffering because they have been labeled “enemies.” But beyond feeling ashamed for them, we must keep in mind—and in our hearts—that there are more than 500 Bolivian families that are dealing with these issues. They have had to leave the country, their homes, and their lives in order to escape the criminal law for the enemy—put in place unofficially by the dictatorial government of Evo Morales, but also by Álvaro García Linera, whose brother is definitely tied to this abuse of power.

We can also suffer at any moment under this dictatorship. The criminal law for the enemy can be applied to anyone. Many have suffered already, including coca growers who are close friends of the president, as well as regular people with no involvement in politics. The social sector and the professionals can also suffer, who by small error can easily become the new “enemy” of the government, in order to distract people from the real problems facing the country.

For all of these reasons, it is time that lawyers (who haven’t yet been corrupted by the government) give us a hand to help our voices be heard. Therefore, we have decided to demand every opposition candidate to the presidency to provide a clear position regarding this topic.

Putting the criminal law for enemies on the agenda and taking action is not only desirable, it is necessary. Just like going to the doctor when we are sick. It just makes sense. It’s healthy.

https://jap21.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/el-derecho-penal-del-enemigo/

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J.Buchanan's picture

Translation

“Criminal Law for the Enemy”

It is not a coincident that socialists send dissidents to jail, becoming slave to the state. There has been a recent current of thought that I just learned about. It is called the criminal law for the enemy.

According to Professor Jakobs, criminal law for the enemy is real and has affected societies both past and present. The oldest sign of its existence could be the judgment of Jesus, who didn’t have the right to due process and was neither guilty nor convicted of any offense and suffered horrors that are still remembered even a thousand years later.

This criminal law for the enemy recognizes that there are exceptional measures that are incorporated into criminal procedural law that are used to prosecute criminals. But this is enforced by judicial and constitutional control with a cynicism that borders on madness.

The reaction against the “enemy” has not been limited to criminal law, but also in criminal prosecution law. This means that measures exist which limit basic rights, such as listening to telephone calls, use of secret police, video surveillance, and persecution, notoriety, and death for “enemies.” In general, this package can be used to fight against dangerous criminality, but legislators who agree with the use of criminal law for the enemy sidestep the fact that most political enemies are not dangerous criminals. They are often just people who may be able to remove them from power.

In Bolivia, since the mechanism for the construction of the enemy has superseded any precedent set before in the history of the country, the judicial branch is rudely subjected to the powers of executive branch. The executive branch then tries to exercise judicial powers through some loophole and rule over those who have been labeled “enemies” by the current government.

It’s important that we come up with ideas that can help our fellow Bolivians who are suffering because they have been labeled “enemies.” But beyond feeling ashamed for them, we must keep in mind—and in our hearts—that there are more than 500 Bolivian families that are dealing with these issues. They have had to leave the country, their homes, and their lives in order to escape the criminal law for the enemy—put in place unofficially by the dictatorial government of Evo Morales, but also by Álvaro García Linera, whose brother is definitely tied to this abuse of power.

We can also suffer at any moment under this dictatorship. The criminal law for the enemy can be applied to anyone. Many have suffered already, including coca growers who are close friends of the president, as well as regular people with no involvement in politics. The social sector and the professionals can also suffer, who by small error can easily become the new “enemy” of the government, in order to distract people from the real problems facing the country.

For all of these reasons, it is time that lawyers (who haven’t yet been corrupted by the government) give us a hand to help our voices be heard. Therefore, we have decided to demand every opposition candidate to the presidency to provide a clear position regarding this topic.

Putting the criminal law for enemies on the agenda and taking action is not only desirable, it is necessary. Just like going to the doctor when we are sick. It just makes sense. It’s healthy.

J.Buchanan's picture

Deseo agradecerle otra vez

Deseo agradecerle otra vez por sus ensayos tan informativos y bien escritos. No tenía ningún conocimiento sobre este tema, pero ya reconozco su amplia extensión por todo el mundo, en muchos casos diferentes. Gracias para escribir este ensayo, y espero leer más de usted.

jap21's picture

Hi J Buchanan

Thank you so much for your translation! I am very grateful, since I have had not the time to translate these posts myself. I am working hard to make this visible in my country, and it takes a lot of strength and effort to do it.

And doing it while working, makes it a little harder. Still, it got translated by you, such a kind friend.

Will re post it also!

Love,

Jackie

Jacqueline Patiño FundActiva
Tarija - Bolivia
South America
www.jap21.wordpress.com

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