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LE SIDA BAT PAR TOUT DASNS LE MONDE

En juin 2000, 34,3 millions d’adultes et d’enfants vivent dans le monde avec le sida. L’Afrique subsaharienne est la région la plus touchée avec 24,5 millions de cas recensés. Pour l’Onusida, la propagation de la maladie et son impact sur la démographie contribuent à annuler les progrès du développement dans les pays les plus touchés. Le virus sévit également dans les îles des Caraïbes. En Asie du Sud-Est, même la faible prévalence du VIH se traduit par un nombre important de personnes contaminées. Ces chiffres démontrent l’urgence d’améliorer la prévention, les systèmes de soins et l’accès aux médicaments. Les firmes pharmaceutiques, qui détiennent les brevets, imposent en effet des prix trop élevés pour les traitements. A l'occasion de la Journée mondiale de lutte contre le sida, le 1er décembre, l'heure des bilans a sonné. Et les associations tirent une fois encore la sonnette d'alarme, bien que des "progrès extraordinaires" dans la riposte mondiale au virus de l'immunodéficience humaine (VIH) aient été enregistrés ces dix dernières années, notent l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), l'Unicef et Onusida, dans un rapport conjoint. "L'incidence mondiale de l'infection au VIH s'est stabilisée" et a commencé à diminuer dans de nombreux pays ayant des épidémies généralisées, se félicitent-ils.
Au chapitre des progrès réalisés : "L'accès à la prévention du VIH – fondée sur des données factuelles –, au conseil et au dépistage, ainsi qu'aux services de traitement et de soins dans les pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire, s'est développé de manière spectaculaire", notent-elles. Et l'année 2011 s'annonce déjà prometteuse, marquée par un "nouvel élan politique" et des "avancées scientifiques importantes".
Nourrissant l'espoir d'une possible fin de la pandémie, l'OMS, l'Unicef et Onusida fixent ainsi à l'horizon 2015 l'objectif "zéro nouvelle infection par le VIH, zéro discrimination et zéro décès lié au sida". Un optimisme partagé par le secrétaire général des Nations unies, Ban Ki-moon, qui estime qu'à "l'aube de la quatrième décennie du sida, nous sommes maintenant en position d'en finir avec l'épidémie".

Sources : Rapport sur l’épidémie mondiale de VIH/SIDA,
Quelques chiffres sur le VIH/sida dans le monde

LA SITUATION MONDIALE
(Ces chiffres sont des estimations)
Personnes vivant avec le VIH en 2009 Total 33,3 millions
Adultes 30,8 millions
Femmes 15,9 millions
Enfants <-15 ans 2,5 millions
Nouveaux cas d’infection à VIH en 2009 Total 2,6 millions
Adultes 2,2 millions
Enfants <-15 ans 370 000
Décès dus au sida en 2009 Total 1,8 millions
Adultes 1,6 millions
Enfants <-15 ans 260 000
Dans le monde,
Depuis le début de l’épidémie, plus de 60 millions de personnes ont été infectées par le VIH et près de 30 millions de personnes sont décédées de causes liées au virus.
Un décès sur quatre lié au sida est dû à la tuberculose, maladie évitable et guérissable.
• Plus de 7000 nouvelles infections par jour en 2009, dont 97% dans des pays à moyen ou faible revenu,
dont environ 1 000 sont des enfants de moins de 15 ans
dont environ 6 000 sont des adultes (15 ans et plus)
— dont 51% sont des femmes
— 41% des jeunes adultes (15-2En Afrique du Sud, plus de 30 % des femmes enceintes sont porteuses du virus VIH
L'incidence du virus VIH parmi les femmes enceintes en Afrique du Sud a augmenté, passant de 29,4 % à 30,2 %, a annoncé le ministre de la santé, Aaron Motsoaledi, qui a admis que "la guerre était loin d'être gagnée". "Mais nous progressons", a-t-il ajouté lors de la présentation à Pretoria d'un rapport annuel, publié avec huit mois de retard.
Alors qu'une stabilisation à un haut niveau est à noter chez les 16-24 ans, une hausse du nombre de porteuses du virus a été observée parmi les parturientes de la tranche d'âge supérieure, les 24-39 ans. Cette hausse est due au manque de traitements antirétroviraux, dont l'une des propriétés est de limiter la propagation de l'épidémie.
L'Afrique du Sud est le pays le plus touché par l'épidémie, avec le Swaziland voisin. Environ 5,38 millions de Sud-Africains vivaient en 2011 avec le VIH, selon le dernier rapport disponible de l'institut statistique national.
4 ans)

LES DONNÉES DANS LES DIFFÉRENTES RÉGIONS DU MONDE
Afrique subsaharienne
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 22,5 millions
Nombre de nouvelles infections en 2009 1,8 millions
Prévalence chez les adultes 5%
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 1,3 millions
L’Afrique Subsaharienne reste la région la plus affectée par l’épidémie, on y recense 69% de l’ensemble des nouvelles infections à VIH.
Afrique du Nord et Moyen Orient
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 460 000
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 75 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,2 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 24 000
Asie du sud et du sud-est
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 4,1 millions
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 270 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,3%
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 260 000
Asie de l’est
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 770 000
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 82 000
Prévalence chez les adultes <0,1 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 36 000
Amérique centrale et du Sud
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 1,4 million
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 92 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,5 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 58 000
Amérique du Nord
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 1,5 million
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 70 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,5 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 26 000
Caraïbes
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 240 000
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 17 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 1,0 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 12 000
Europe orientale et Asie Centrale
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 1,4 million
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 130 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,8 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 76 000
Europe occidentale et centrale
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 820 000
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 31 000
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,2 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 8 500
Océanie
Population Total
Adultes et enfants vivants avec le VIH 57 000
Nombre de nouveaux cas en 2009 4 500
Prévalence chez les adultes 0,3 %
Nombre de décès dus au sida en 2009 1 400

English translation by community member carmen_lai

AIDS Hit the World

In June 2000, 34.3 million adults and children live in the world of AIDS. Sub-Saharan African is the most affected region with 24.5 million cases reported. For UNAIDS, the spread of the disease and its impact on the population hinders the progress of development in the worst hit countries. The virus also acts ruthlessly in the Caribbean islands. In Southeast-Asia even a low prevalence of HIV virus, translates into a large number of people being infected. These figures show the urgent need to improve prevention, care systems and access to medicines. In fact, pharmaceutical companies that hold patents impose excessive prices for treatments. The time has come to take stock of the situation on the occasion of the World Day against AIDS, December 1st . The associations have taken alarm once again, even though “extraordinary progress” in the global response to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been recorded in the last ten years, notes the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and UNAIDS, in a joint report. The global incidence of HIV infection has stabilized and has begun to decline in many countries with generalized epidemics, and these countries have to be congratulated. In terms of progress, "Access to HIV prevention - based on evidence - counseling and screening services as well as treatment and care in low-and middle-incomes’ has grown dramatically, " they note. In 2011, it already looks promising, marked by a "new political momentum " and "significant scientific advances." In the hope of a possible end of the pandemic, WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS have set few goals for 2015, " zero new HIV infections , zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths." This optimistic goal is shared by the Secretary General of the UN, Ban Ki-Moon, who considered that at “the beginning of the fourth decade of AIDS, we are now in a position to end the epidemic."

Sources: Report on the global HIV / AIDS

Some figures on HIV / AIDS in the world

THE STATE

(These figures are estimates)

People living with HIV in 2009 Total 33,300,000

30.8 million adults

15.9 million women

Children < -15 years 2.5 million

New cases of HIV in 2009 Total 2.6 million

2.2 million adults

Children < -15 years 370000

AIDS deaths in 2009 Total 1.8 million

1.6 million adults

Children < -15 years 260000

In the world,

Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV and nearly 30 million people have died due to causes related to the virus.

One in four deaths related to AIDS is caused by tuberculosis, preventable and curable disease.

• More than 7,000 new infections per day in 2009 , 97% in middle- and low-income

of which approximately 1,000 are children under 15 years

of which approximately 6,000 are adults (15 years and older)

- 51% are women

- 41 % of young adults (15- 2 in South Africa, more than 30% of pregnant women are infected with HIV)

The incidence of HIV among pregnant women in South Africa has increased from 29.4 % to 30.2 %, announced the Minister of Health, Aaron Motsoaledi, who admitted that " the war was far from defeated" "But we are making progress ," he said during the presentation in Pretoria of an annual report, published eight months late.

While a stabilization at a high level is noted in the 16-24 year olds, an increasing number of carriers of the virus was observed among older parturients the 24-39 year old range. This increase is due to lack of antiretroviral treatments, which limit the spread of the epidemic.

South Africa is the country the most affected by the epidemic, with the neighboring countrie of Swaziland. About 5.38 million South Africans were living with HIV in 2011, according to the latest report available from the National Statistical Institute .

4 years)

DATA IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF THE WORLD

Sub-Saharan Africa

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 22500000

Number of new infections in 2009 1.8 million

Adult prevalence of 5 %

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 1.3 million

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most affected by the epidemic area, the document identifies 69% of all new HIV infections .

North Africa and Middle East

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 460,000

Number of new cases in 2009 75 000

Adult prevalence 0.2%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 24 000

South Asia and Southeast

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 4,100,000

Number of new cases in 2009 270 000

Adult prevalence 0.3%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 260 000

East Asia

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 770,000

Number of new cases in 2009 82 000

Adult prevalence <0.1%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 36 000

Central and South America

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,400,000

Number of new cases in 2009 92 000

Adult prevalence 0.5%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 58 000

North America

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,500,000

Number of new cases in 2009 70 000

Adult prevalence 0.5%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 26 000

Caribbean

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 240,000

Number of new cases in 2009 17 000

Adult prevalence 1.0%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 12 000

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,400,000

Number of new cases in 2009 130 000

Adult prevalence 0.8%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 76 000

Western and Central Europe

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 820,000

Number of new cases in 2009 31 000

Adult prevalence 0.2%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 8 500

Oceania

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 57,000

Number of new cases in 2009 4 500

Adult prevalence 0.3%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 1 400

Comments

carmen_lai's picture

TRADUCTION/TRANSLATION

Aids Hit the World

In June 2000, 34.3 million adults and children live in the world of AIDS. Sub-Saharan African is the most affected region with 24.5 million cases reported. For UNAIDS, the spread of the disease and its impact on the population hinders the progress of development in the worst hit countries. The virus also acts ruthlessly in the Caribbean islands. In Southeast-Asia even a low prevalence of HIV virus, translates into a large number of people being infected. These figures show the urgent need to improve prevention, care systems and access to medicines. In fact, pharmaceutical companies that hold patents impose excessive prices for treatments. The time has come to take stock of the situation on the occasion of the World Day against AIDS, December 1st . The associations have taken alarm once again, even though “extraordinary progress” in the global response to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been recorded in the last ten years, notes the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and UNAIDS, in a joint report. The global incidence of HIV infection has stabilized and has begun to decline in many countries with generalized epidemics, and these countries have to be congratulated. In terms of progress, "Access to HIV prevention - based on evidence - counseling and screening services as well as treatment and care in low-and middle-incomes’ has grown dramatically, " they note. In 2011, it already looks promising, marked by a "new political momentum " and "significant scientific advances." In the hope of a possible end of the pandemic, WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS have set few goals for 2015, " zero new HIV infections , zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths." This optimistic goal is shared by the Secretary General of the UN, Ban Ki-Moon, who considered that at “the beginning of the fourth decade of AIDS, we are now in a position to end the epidemic."

Sources: Report on the global HIV / AIDS

Some figures on HIV / AIDS in the world

THE STATE

(These figures are estimates)

People living with HIV in 2009 Total 33,300,000

30.8 million adults

15.9 million women

Children < -15 years 2.5 million

New cases of HIV in 2009 Total 2.6 million

2.2 million adults

Children < -15 years 370000

AIDS deaths in 2009 Total 1.8 million

1.6 million adults

Children < -15 years 260000

In the world,

Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV and nearly 30 million people have died due to causes related to the virus.

One in four deaths related to AIDS is caused by tuberculosis, preventable and curable disease.

• More than 7,000 new infections per day in 2009 , 97% in middle- and low-income

of which approximately 1,000 are children under 15 years

of which approximately 6,000 are adults (15 years and older)

- 51% are women

- 41 % of young adults (15- 2 in South Africa, more than 30% of pregnant women are infected with HIV)

The incidence of HIV among pregnant women in South Africa has increased from 29.4 % to 30.2 %, announced the Minister of Health, Aaron Motsoaledi, who admitted that " the war was far from defeated" "But we are making progress ," he said during the presentation in Pretoria of an annual report, published eight months late.

While a stabilization at a high level is noted in the 16-24 year olds, an increasing number of carriers of the virus was observed among older parturients the 24-39 year old range. This increase is due to lack of antiretroviral treatments, which limit the spread of the epidemic.

South Africa is the country the most affected by the epidemic, with the neighboring countrie of Swaziland. About 5.38 million South Africans were living with HIV in 2011, according to the latest report available from the National Statistical Institute .

4 years)

DATA IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF THE WORLD

Sub-Saharan Africa

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 22500000

Number of new infections in 2009 1.8 million

Adult prevalence of 5 %

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 1.3 million

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most affected by the epidemic area, the document identifies 69% of all new HIV infections .

North Africa and Middle East

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 460,000

Number of new cases in 2009 75 000

Adult prevalence 0.2%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 24 000

South Asia and Southeast

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 4,100,000

Number of new cases in 2009 270 000

Adult prevalence 0.3%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 260 000

East Asia

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 770,000

Number of new cases in 2009 82 000

Adult prevalence <0.1%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 36 000

Central and South America

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,400,000

Number of new cases in 2009 92 000

Adult prevalence 0.5%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 58 000

North America

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,500,000

Number of new cases in 2009 70 000

Adult prevalence 0.5%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 26 000

Caribbean

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 240,000

Number of new cases in 2009 17 000

Adult prevalence 1.0%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 12 000

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 1,400,000

Number of new cases in 2009 130 000

Adult prevalence 0.8%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 76 000

Western and Central Europe

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 820,000

Number of new cases in 2009 31 000

Adult prevalence 0.2%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 8 500

Oceania

Total population

Adults and children living with HIV 57,000

Number of new cases in 2009 4 500

Adult prevalence 0.3%

Number of AIDS deaths in 2009 1 400

BUHENDWA NEEMA's picture

bien

merci pour la tradiction!!!!

neema

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