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CARACTERISTIQUE DES ENTREPRIESES EN DIFFICULTES

Il est très difficile de déterminer le profil type pour des entreprises en difficulté. Toutefois, on peut déterminer les caractéristiques communes de ces entreprises. L’âge, la taille, la forme juridique et la nature d’activité sont pour autant des éléments déterminant de la classification des entreprises. 1) L’ÄGE
Le risque de défaillance est très important pour les jeunes entreprises. Les plus touchées sont celles âgées de moins de dix ans. Ces entreprises présentent une moindre performance et une forte dépendance du marché intérieur. Elles ont une clientèle peu diversifiée et une gamme de produit très limitée. Leur adaptation et réaction face aux différents évènements reste très lente et parfois inefficace ; ce qui explique l’importance de l’expérience et l’apprentissage dans la vie de l’entreprise.
2) LA FORME JURIDIQUE :
Les entreprises individuelles sont beaucoup moins touchées par les défaillances que les sociétés. La dissolution entre le patrimoine de l’entrepreneur individuel aura tendance à réagir plus rapidement pour protéger son patrimoine et celui de son entreprise.
3) LA TAILLE :
Le risque de défaillance reste plus élevé pour les petites et moyens entreprises que pour les micros et grandes entreprises. La taille peut induire deux effets opposés :
- Au fur et à mesure que la taille de l’entreprise augmente, la dissociation entre le patrimoine de l’entrepreneur et celui de l’entreprise augmente. Cet élément joue dans le sens d’un risque croissant avec la taille de l’entreprise.
- A l’inverse, plus la taille de l’entreprise est importante, plus celle-ci est en mesure de bénéficier d’économie d’échelle, d’influer sur ses partenaires commerciaux et financiers. D’autres parts les grandes entreprises sont généralement les plus anciennes, elles bénéficient de ce point d’une plus grande expérience. Il n’existe pas un profil type de l’entreprise en difficulté, des cas exceptionnels peuvent exister et chaque entreprise est unique en son genre. Une fois l’état de l’entreprise connu et ses difficultés affichées, la recherche profonde des difficultés est nécessaire. En effet, la détérioration progressive de sa situation financière n’est, en définitive, que le révélateur de causes beaucoup plus profondes et d’un processus de dégradation qui s’est étalé dans le temps. Cet examen pourra se faire à travers le diagnostic qui reste le meilleur moyen permettant de déceler les points faibles de l’entreprise et proposer un nombre de solution pour remédier à cette situation.

English translation by community member Evjoy

CHARACTERISTICS OF FAILING BUSINESSES

It is very difficult to determine the profile of failing businesses. However, we can determine common characteristics of these businesses. The age, size, legal status, and the nature of their activity are the determining elements of the classification of businesses.

1) Age
The risk of bankruptcy is considerable for young businesses. The most affected are those younger than 10 years of age. These businesses display low performance and a strong dependence on the domestic market. Their clientele is not very diversified and their product range is very limited. Their adaptation and reaction in the face of different events is slow and sometimes inefficient; this explains the importance of experience and training in the life of a business.

2) Legal Status
Individual businesses are much less affected by bankruptcy than companies are. With the separation of the holder’s personal assets and those of the company, he has the tendency to react quicker to protect his holdings and those of the business.

3) Size
The risk of bankruptcy is higher for small and mid-size businesses than for large businesses. The size may lead to two opposite effects:
- Little by little as the size of the business increases, the disassociation between the entrepreneur’s assets and those of the business increase. This element plays in the sense of an increasing risk with the size of the business.
- On the contrary, the larger the business, the more the business is in place to benefit from the economy of scale to influence their commercial and financial partners. Yet large businesses are generally the oldest and they benefit at this point from greater experience.

An exact profile for failing businesses doesn’t exist. Exceptional cases may exist and each business is unique. Once the known state of the business and its difficulties are posted, an in-depth study of their failures is necessary. In effect, the progressive deterioration of the financial situation is only, when all is said and done, the revealing factor of much deeper causes and of a process of destruction that unfolds over time. This test can be done through the diagnosis that remains the best means to detect weak points of a business and propose a number of solutions to remedy the situation.

Comments

Evjoy's picture

Translation

CHARACTERISTICS OF FAILING BUSINESSES

It is very difficult to determine the profile of failing businesses. However, we can determine common characteristics of these businesses. The age, size, legal status, and the nature of their activity are the determining elements of the classification of businesses.

1) Age
The risk of bankruptcy is considerable for young businesses. The most affected are those younger than 10 years of age. These businesses display low performance and a strong dependence on the domestic market. Their clientele is not very diversified and their product range is very limited. Their adaptation and reaction in the face of different events is slow and sometimes inefficient; this explains the importance of experience and training in the life of a business.

2) Legal Status
Individual businesses are much less affected by bankruptcy than companies are. With the separation of the holder’s personal assets and those of the company, he has the tendency to react quicker to protect his holdings and those of the business.

3) Size
The risk of bankruptcy is higher for small and mid-size businesses than for large businesses. The size may lead to two opposite effects:
- Little by little as the size of the business increases, the disassociation between the entrepreneur’s assets and those of the business increase. This element plays in the sense of an increasing risk with the size of the business.
- On the contrary, the larger the business, the more the business is in place to benefit from the economy of scale to influence their commercial and financial partners. Yet large businesses are generally the oldest and they benefit at this point from greater experience.

An exact profile for failing businesses doesn’t exist. Exceptional cases may exist and each business is unique. Once the known state of the business and its difficulties are posted, an in-depth study of their failures is necessary. In effect, the progressive deterioration of the financial situation is only, when all is said and done, the revealing factor of much deeper causes and of a process of destruction that unfolds over time. This test can be done through the diagnosis that remains the best means to detect weak points of a business and propose a number of solutions to remedy the situation.

Evjoy's picture

Merci!

Merci d'avoir partagé votre expertise dans ce domaine de business! Il me semble que vous êtes très douée en ce qui concerne l'entreprise. D'autres qui travaillent dans ce domaine peuvent apprendre beaucoup de votre expérience. Je vous encouragerais à écrire et partager avec la communauté de World Pulse. Merci et bon courage!
Evelyn

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