40 Years of Military Coup in Chile: 3.999 Women to Remember
Today, 9/11 chileans remember, some with joy, another with sorrow, the 40th anniversary of the military coup that devastated the Chilean society and subdued the people under the political and social repression of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, after a coup organized by the CIA and supported by the Chilean business and social elites.
I also turned 40 a few days ago. Among the organization of the celebration, my work and my responsibilities, a new story about those ugly 17 years has been unveiled. The voices that tell that story slip through the memory to request to be visible, heard, recognized.
3,399 is the number the history is calling us to remember. 3.399.... The number of Chilean Women who suffered sexual violence as a part of planned estrategy of submission designed by Pinochet's regime.
The military dictatorship imposed a social ideology which prioritized the family, which was instituted on the authoritarian role of men and patriarchal suppliers. This ideological representation was transferred to the public space with the representation of the authoritarian state as the 'pater familias'.
Thus, national security policy, coupled with gender ideology exacerbated during the dictatorship, re-presented in the speech the wife, Holy Mary model and "Good Wife" competitions that didn't match with the image of a subversive woman, seen as opposed to her "intrinsic nature" and to the true values of the social role of women as well.
For this, and as part of a need for compliance and control, it was necessary to define a clear and specific gender policy that, at least, neutralize women, subject them and make clear what was expected of them and the punishments they risked if they did not conform to the establishment.
Thus, the military regime materialized defining a specific gender policy towards women during the dictatorship, which was expressed in the most crude and brutal sexual torture, constituting it as part of an entire discipline device for achieving the social objectives of the new ideological and material political-military social order.
This type of torture was intended to impose a traditional patriarchal social order, to discipline women materially and symbolically. Sexual violence directed against women by state agents as part of a systematic policy of repression, wants to print in the body and sexuality of women a brand, a term of annihilation
Many of them were raped in front of their husbands and children, by soldiers or trained dogs. Rats and electrical shock were introduced into their vaginas.
Chilean Women, like all women, sacrificial lambs of Patriarchy: Objectified and devalued generically, are abused, assaulted, raped and murdered by men as a way to defeat another group of men.
In 2005 , the Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture certified more than 28,000 cases of torture during the military regime, and has received thousands of testimonials of missing executed and imprisonment and torture victims that they should study now.
Many of these women are still missing. Some were never able to rebuild their lives and more than one, unable to bear the moral and physical humiliation, committed suicide.
Political understanding of gender-based violence against women during the military dictatorship has given the State's obligation to stop the impunity with which these crimes occurred, and forced it to promote cultural and legal changes, expressed in public policies to ensure respect for rights, to the integrity and life of women in any context or social and political situation.
But 40 years later, the story still owes them an explanation. The Chilean government still owes them recognition. There is not a single judicial process that reveals the true dimension of this type of aggression.
They don't want compassion, they don't want pity .. Only justice