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Les Rebelles du M23 à l'Est De la RDC acceptent de déposer les armes.

Les rebelles du M23 se disent «prêts à désarmer» et à retourner à la vie civile, comme exigé par la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs (CIRGL). Mais ils posent «deux conditions»: la neutralisation des Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR) et le retour des réfugiés congolais tutsis, a déclaré le chef rebelle Bertrand Bisimwa, ce dimanche 8 septembre à l’AFP.

Il faut que les réfugiés congolais tutsis qui vivent dans des camps au Rwanda, en Ouganda et au Burundi puissent «rentrer» et que les combattants rwandais des FDLR «soient neutralisés», selon Bertrand Bisimwa. «La plupart de nos militaires n’ont pas eu pour vocation de faire l’armée. S’ils se battent, c’est pour revendiquer le retour de leurs parents et pour la sécurité de leurs villages», a-t-il poursuivi.

Toujours d’après la même source, le mouvement rebelle est prêt à abandonner les armes avant d’obtenir gain de cause sur l’ensemble de son “cahier des charges”. Un “cahier des charges” qui demande notamment un “plan Marshall pour l’Est du pays”, qui permette d’assurer la sécurité et la reconstruction, et que ce programme soit «financé par les ressources locales».

Le M23 existe depuis le mois de mai 2012 au Nord-Kivu. Il a été formé des soldats mutins des FARDC issus de l’ex-rébellion du Congrès national pour la défense du peuple (CNDP), revendiquant l’application de l’accord de paix signé en 2009 entre le CNDP et le gouvernement congolais. Cet accord prévoyait l’intégration des cadres de cette rébellion dans les institutions de la République et le rapatriement des réfugiés.

Mais après avoir occupé la ville de Goma pendant plus d’une semaine, fin novembre dernier, le M23 avait élargi ses revendications aux questions de démocratie, de bonne gouvernance et des droits de l’homme en RDC. Et il souhaitait que ces questions soient discutées aux pourparlers de Kampala avec la partie gouvernementale.

Ces assises, débutées le 9 décembre 2012, étaient au point mort depuis près de trois mois. Fin août, les affrontements ont même repris entre l’armée régulière soutenue par la Monusco et le M23, qui a subi des revers près de Goma.

Les chefs d’Etat de la CIRGL ont exigé jeudi, à l’issue d’un sommet dans capitale ougandaise, que le M23 cesse «toute activité militaire», appelant à la reprise pourparlers de Kampala «dans les trois jours».

English translation by community member jcristobal

The rebels of M 23 says they’re “ready to disarm” and return civilian life as required by the International Conference of the Big Lakes. (CIRGL). But they propose two conditions. The Neutralisation of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda(FDLR) and the return of Congolese and Tutsi refugees says Chief Rebel Bertand Bisimwa, on Sunday, September 8th at the AFP.

The Congolese and Tutsi refugees who live in the camps at Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi can return and that the combatants of Rwanda are neutral, according to Bertand Bisimwa. “Most of our militants aren't in the army as a profession. If they battle it’s to fight for the return of their parents and the security of their villages.”

According to fthe same source, the rebel movement is ready to abandon before succeeding in certain “specifications.” These “specifications”, ask notably that the Marshall plan for the Eastern Countries, which allows the assurance and security of the reconstruction and that this program is financed from local resources.

Since May 2012, the M23 has been at North Kivu. It has been formed from mutineers and FARDC soldiers issued of the ex-rebellion of National Congress for the defense of the people, demanding that the application of peace agreement signed in 2009 between the CNDP and the Congolese Government is implemented. This agreement intends the integration from the rebellion in the institutions of the Republic and the repatriation of refugees.

But after having occupied the city of Goma for more than a week, at the end of last November, the M23 have expanded their claims about democracy, good governance and human rights in DRC. He wants these claims discussed with the talks of Kampala with the governmental party.

This started December 9, 2012 and was stalled for about three months. By the end of August, the fighting resumed between the regular army by the Monusco and the M23, which has suffered some setbacks at Goma.

The Chiefs of State of CIRGL have demanded Thursday the issue of summit in the Ugandan Capital that M23 stops all the active military activity and calls for the resume the talks of Kampala in three days.

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jcristobal's picture

Translation

The rebels of M 23 says they’re “ready to disarm” and return civilian life as required by the International Conference of the Big Lakes. (CIRGL). But they propose two conditions. The Neutralisation of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda(FDLR) and the return of Congolese and Tutsi refugees says Chief Rebel Bertand Bisimwa, on Sunday, September 8th at the AFP.

The Congolese and Tutsi refugees who live in the camps at Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi can return and that the combatants of Rwanda are neutral, according to Bertand Bisimwa. “Most of our militants aren't in the army as a profession. If they battle it’s to fight for the return of their parents and the security of their villages.”

According to fthe same source, the rebel movement is ready to abandon before succeeding in certain “specifications.” These “specifications”, ask notably that the Marshall plan for the Eastern Countries, which allows the assurance and security of the reconstruction and that this program is financed from local resources.

Since May 2012, the M23 has been at North Kivu. It has been formed from mutineers and FARDC soldiers issued of the ex-rebellion of National Congress for the defense of the people, demanding that the application of peace agreement signed in 2009 between the CNDP and the Congolese Government is implemented. This agreement intends the integration from the rebellion in the institutions of the Republic and the repatriation of refugees.

But after having occupied the city of Goma for more than a week, at the end of last November, the M23 have expanded their claims about democracy, good governance and human rights in DRC. He wants these claims discussed with the talks of Kampala with the governmental party.

This started December 9, 2012 and was stalled for about three months. By the end of August, the fighting resumed between the regular army by the Monusco and the M23, which has suffered some setbacks at Goma.

The Chiefs of State of CIRGL have demanded Thursday the issue of summit in the Ugandan Capital that M23 stops all the active military activity and calls for the resume the talks of Kampala in three days.

Vivre sans peur

jcristobal's picture

Merci beaucoup!

J'ai appris beaucoup de choses tres intéressantes! Grace á vous! Bonne continuation!

Vivre sans peur

byamungu bahati pascal's picture

Merci beaucoup

Je suis très content du travail que tu as fais à mon article en le traduisant en Anglais.Je suis aussi content de trouver un homme comme moi dans ce plate forme unis les personnes.

Merci beaucoup jcristobal

Pascal BYAMUNGU

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