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LES PROBLEME DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT EN RDC

Les problèmes de l’environnement s en R.D.Congo depuis la période pré coloniale jusqu’à nos jours, la R.D.Congo a toujours été secouée par plusieurs guerres qui perturbent fondamentalement le destin des populations et aggravent leur précarité. Il suffit de penser aux conflits ethniques entre les différentes communautés, ainsi que les différentes rébellions qui ont éclaté de puis l’indépendance jus qu’en nos jours à l’occupation du territoire national. Cette situation des conflits permanents appelle, certains aujourd’hui, une réflexion sur les voies, moyens de restaurer la paix et les conditions d’instaurer une paix durable. La question particulière de la stabilité de l’environnement étant donné les nuisances et les pollutions que les guerres provoquent en R.D.Congo. Du point de vue écologique, l’environnement c’est le cadre de vie qui assure la santé, l’alimentation, les ressources et l’emploi. De ce fait, l’environnement de qualité est nécessaire à la satisfaction des besoins humains. L’environnement comprend deux parties, à savoir: une partie abiotique et une partie biotique. La partie abiotique est constituée des éléments non vivants comme l’eau, l’air, le sol, l’atmosphère, le rayonnement solaire.
La partie biotique est constituée des êtres vivants comme l’homme, l’animal, le micro-organisme et la plante.
- les changements climatiques qui sont lié à la modification de l’équilibre énergétique du système terre-océan-atmosphère-biosphère menant à un changement irréversible du climat du globe terrestre. Les conséquences de ce changement climatique global sont variables selon les latitudes, les saisons, la position géographique de la région au sein d’un continent
- On peut citer le gaspillage et la consommation excessive, les déchets et la pollution, l’épuisement des ressources de la terre, la disparition des espèces animales et végétales, le déséquilibre de quelques systèmes planétaires.
- A cause des guerres et rébellions depuis plusieurs années lesquelles ont occasionné d’innombrables pertes des vies humaines, pertes de certaines espèces animales, détruisant les infrastructures économiques, des industries de produit agricole, fournisseurs de matières première et mauvaises condition des soins de santé.
Les solutions : -Il faut vulgariser la culture de la paix, mettre en relief la responsabilité éthique de l’homme sur son environnement. La culture de la paix et l’éthique mettant un accent particulier sur la notion d’astreintes écologiques infligées par l’homme à son environnement fournisseur des ressources et sur la promotion de la vie à travers la culture écologique, l’éducation et l’éthique mésologique.
- il faut un droit de l’environnement qui pourra assurer la cohabitation responsable et conviviale entre l’homme et la nature, ce droit doit être appris aux enfants dès leur bas âge niveau primaire, secondaire et universitaire.
malgré les multiple guerre en R.D.Congo le territoire congolais est tout entier occupé par le bassin du fleuve Congo, les lacs (lacs Tumba, May Ndombe, Kivu, Tanganyaka, Moero, Albert, Edouard...) et les parcs (Virunga, Upemba, Salonga, Garamba.Kahuzi biega..) Les forets congolais représentent une véritable pharmacie tropicale. La RDC dispose également des gammes variées des animaux. Les forêts, les savanes, les rivières disposent de différentes espèces animales: poissons, bêtes sauvages, animaux domestiques, de ressources du sous-sol ou minéralières : diamant, cobalt, or, cuivre.
La protection de notre environnement donne lieu à des débats et controverses de plus en plus nombreux sur les meilleurs moyens de gérer la terre que nous héritons de nos parents et que nous laisserons à nos enfants.

English translation by community member Zhuyun Maggie Xiao

The environmental problems in DRC since the pre-colonial period to the present day, the DRC has been shaken by several wars that fundamentally disrupt the fate of populations and aggravate their vulnerability. Just think of the ethnic conflicts between different communities, and these various rebellions which erupted since independence till days the days when the country was occupied. This ongoing conflict called for, especially today, a reflection on the ways of restoring peace and the conditions for achieving lasting peace. Nuisances and pollution that cause wars in the DRC are among the particular problems of the environment stability as. From an ecological point of view, the environment in which we live in ensures the health, food, resources and employment. Thus, environmental quality is necessary for the satisfaction of human needs.
The environment consists of two parts, that is: an abiotic part and a biotic part. Abiotic part is the non-living elements such as water, air, soil, atmosphere, solar radiation.
The biotic part consists of living as humans, animals, micro -organisms and plant beings.
- Climate changes, which are linked to changes in the energy balance of land-ocean-atmosphere-biosphere system, lead to irreversible climate change of the Earth. The consequences of global climate change vary according to latitude, season, and geographical position of the region within a continent.
- These include the waste and excessive consumption, waste and pollution, the depletion of the earth's resources, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the imbalance of several planetary systems.
- Wars and rebellions for the past several years have caused countless loss of lives, loss of animal species, destruction of economic infrastructure, agricultural product industries, suppliers of raw materials, and poor conditions of health care.
The solutions: It is necessary to popularize the culture of peace, and emphasize the ethical responsibility of human in terms of the environment.
Culture of peace and ethics has a particular emphasis on the concept of environmental penalties imposed by the man to his environment providing the resources and the promotion of life, through the ecological culture, education and ecological ethics.
- It is necessary to have right for environment that will ensure the responsible and friendly coexistence between human and nature, this right should be taught to children in primary, secondary schools and universities
Despite many wars in DRC, Congolese territory is entirely occupied by the basin of the Congo River, lakes (Lake Tumba, May Ndombe, Kivu Tanganyaka, Moero, Albert, Edward ... ) and parks (Virunga Upemba , Salonga Garamba.Kahuzi biega ...) Congolese forests represent a real tropical pharmacy. The DRC also has a wide variety of animals. Forests, savannas, and rivers all have different animal species: fish, wild animals, domestic animals, underground and mineral resources such as diamonds, cobalt, gold and copper.
Protecting our environment gives rise to more and more debates and controversies on the best ways to protect the land we inherited from our parents and that we will leave to our children.

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Translation

The environmental problems in DRC since the pre-colonial period to the present day, the DRC has been shaken by several wars that fundamentally disrupt the fate of populations and aggravate their vulnerability. Just think of the ethnic conflicts between different communities, and these various rebellions which erupted since independence till days the days when the country was occupied. This ongoing conflict called for, especially today, a reflection on the ways of restoring peace and the conditions for achieving lasting peace. Nuisances and pollution that cause wars in the DRC are among the particular problems of the environment stability as. From an ecological point of view, the environment in which we live in ensures the health, food, resources and employment. Thus, environmental quality is necessary for the satisfaction of human needs.
The environment consists of two parts, that is: an abiotic part and a biotic part. Abiotic part is the non-living elements such as water, air, soil, atmosphere, solar radiation.
The biotic part consists of living as humans, animals, micro -organisms and plant beings.
- Climate changes, which are linked to changes in the energy balance of land-ocean-atmosphere-biosphere system, lead to irreversible climate change of the Earth. The consequences of global climate change vary according to latitude, season, and geographical position of the region within a continent.
- These include the waste and excessive consumption, waste and pollution, the depletion of the earth's resources, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the imbalance of several planetary systems.
- Wars and rebellions for the past several years have caused countless loss of lives, loss of animal species, destruction of economic infrastructure, agricultural product industries, suppliers of raw materials, and poor conditions of health care.
The solutions: It is necessary to popularize the culture of peace, and emphasize the ethical responsibility of human in terms of the environment.
Culture of peace and ethics has a particular emphasis on the concept of environmental penalties imposed by the man to his environment providing the resources and the promotion of life, through the ecological culture, education and ecological ethics.
- It is necessary to have right for environment that will ensure the responsible and friendly coexistence between human and nature, this right should be taught to children in primary, secondary schools and universities
Despite many wars in DRC, Congolese territory is entirely occupied by the basin of the Congo River, lakes (Lake Tumba, May Ndombe, Kivu Tanganyaka, Moero, Albert, Edward ... ) and parks (Virunga Upemba , Salonga Garamba.Kahuzi biega ...) Congolese forests represent a real tropical pharmacy. The DRC also has a wide variety of animals. Forests, savannas, and rivers all have different animal species: fish, wild animals, domestic animals, underground and mineral resources such as diamonds, cobalt, gold and copper.
Protecting our environment gives rise to more and more debates and controversies on the best ways to protect the land we inherited from our parents and that we will leave to our children.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

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