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BEAUTE CACHEE DE LA RDC

La république démocratique du Congo est le plus vaste pays d’Afrique centrale .il s’étend de l’océan atlantique aux plateaux de l’est et correspond à la majeure partie du bassin du fleuve Congo. Le nord du pays est un des plus grands domaines du foret équatorial au monde ; L’est du pays est le domaine des montagnes, de Collines, des grands Lacs, mais aussi des volcans.
Le sud et centre, riches en savanes arborées, forment un haut plateau en minerais divers. Le climat général du pays est chaud et humide. Mais cette situation varie selon les provinces.
La différence est due au fait l’équateur traverse la totalité du territoire congolais. L’existence d’un climat produit une végétation dense et régit les activités agricoles de la population congolaise. La République Démocratique du Congo est habitée par 250 groupes ethniques. Dans la partie septentrionale, les peuples sont d’origine soudanaise. Certains peuples des confins orientaux qui sont d’origine nilotique sont surtout éleveurs. Presque totalement isolés au sein de la forêt équatoriale, les pygmées, considérés comme premiers occupants du pays, vivent essentiellement de la chasse et de la cueillette.
Une portion de la population pratique les religions traditionnelles, la majorité est christianisée. L’islam est surtout répandu dans l’est du pays.
La RDC possède des gisements contenant plusieurs minerais dont les cuivre, les cobalt, l’argent, l’uranium, le zinc, coltan diamant, l’or etc. ….
La République Démocratique du Congo, située au plein cœur de l’Afrique centrale et traversée par l’Équateur, s’étend sur une superficie de 2.345.000 km².
Elle est bordée :
• A l’ouest par l’océan Atlantique, l’Enclave de Cabinda et la République du Congo
• Au nord par la République Centrafricaine et le Soudan
• A l’est par l’Ouganda, le Rwanda, le Burundi et la Tanzanie
• Au sud par la Zambie et l’Angola
En raison de son étendue et de sa situation bien à cheval sur l'Équateur, la RDC a plusieurs climats.
Dans les régions de l'Équateur règne un climat chaud et équatorial tout au long de l'année. Le thermomètre ne descend qu'exceptionnellement au-dessous de 20°C. La zone où règne ce climat correspond approximativement à la cuvette centrale, couverte par la grande forêt équatoriale.
Sur le pourtour de cette cuvette, au contraire, les nuits sont plus froides : les gelées blanches ne sont pas rares au Katanga au cours de la saison sèche.
Dans le nord-est et le sud-est, régions de plateaux et de montagnes, règne un climat de montagne tempéré dont la température s'abaisse au fur et à mesure que l'on prend de l'altitude.
Altitude Température
Pourtour cuvette 25 à 26°C
1.500 m 18 à 20°C
2.000 m 16 à 17°C
3.000 m 11°C
4.000 m 6°C
+4.000 m 0°C
La région touristique des grands lacs jouit ainsi d'un climat méditerranéen toute l'année. Au delà de 4.000 m, il neige et la montagne se couvre d'une calotte glaciaire. Dans ce climat de montagne, il pleut toute l'année, mais davantage au pied de la montagne que sur le sommet.
Le climat étant fonction des précipitations d'eau et de certaines autres influences locales, on distingue en RD Congo deux saisons principales :
•Saison sèche : Saison fraîche, le ciel est gris et les températures sont basses, que caractérise le manque de pluies.
•Saison des pluies : Saison d'été, le ciel est bleu, les plantes et les arbres retrouvent leur sève et les paysages sont verdoyants.
En RDC abrite la plus vaste forêt d’Afrique. Denses, humides, sèches, marécageuses, en montagne ou sur les plaines, les forêts couvrent environ 145 millions d’hectares. Véritable patrimoine naturel, les forêts de la RDC composent une mosaïque complexe d’écosystèmes. Première source d’énergie,de médicaments et de matériaux de construction.
Considérées à juste titre comme le deuxième poumon de la planète, après l'Amazonie, elles sont un élément clé de la régulation du climat : elles absorbent le dioxyde de carbone et libèrent de l’oxygène.
La RDC est riche de nombreuses ressources, dont du coltan, de la cassitérite, du cuivre, du cobalt, du zinc, de l'uranium, de l'argent, des diamants, de l'or, du pétrole, du gaz, du bois, du charbon, du plomb, du fer et du manganèse.
Les écosystèmes de la République démocratique du Congo sont riches et variés. La faune naturelle congolaise est la RDC est riche en espèces diverses, adaptées chacune aux conditions climatiques et floristiques. Certaines espèces se rencontrent dans tous les milieux. Presque tous les grands animaux africains existent dans ses réserves, cette faune remarquable comprend beaucoup d’espèces de grande et même de très grande taille.
La forêt est peuplée par les gorilles,les singes de tout genre (les chimpanzés, les bonobos...), les sangliers phacochères, potamochères ou hylochères, les chats sauvages, les ruminants tels que buffles rouges, les antilopes de
forêt, l'okapi, l'éléphant de forêt et de marécages, les hippopotames, les rhinocéros ainsi que par des serpent des bois, des oiseaux dont certains se distinguent par la beauté de leur plumage ou celle de leur chant. Et comme tous les pays chauds, la République démocratique du Congo compte d’innombrables variétés d’insectes.

English translation by community member Zhuyun Maggie Xiao

The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in Central Africa. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the east plateaus and covers most part of the Congo River basin. The north of the country is one of the largest areas of equatorial forest in the world; the east is the place where mountains, hills, the great lakes, but also volcanoes are presented.
The south and the center, rich in savannahs planted with trees, form a high plateau which has various minerals. The general climate of the country is hot and humid. Yet such situation varies according to provinces.
The difference is due to the equator which crosses the entire Congolese territory. The existence of a climate produces a dense vegetation and regulates agricultural activities of the Congolese population. The Democratic Republic of Congo is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups. In the northern part, the people are of Sudanese origin. Some peoples of the eastern borders are of Nilotic origin which are mostly farmers. Almost isolated totally in the rainforest, the pygmies, considered the first inhabitants of the country, live their lives mainly by hunting and gathering.
A portion of the population practice traditional religions, the majority is Christianized. Islam is especially prevalent in the country.
The DRC has deposits containing several minerals including copper, the cobalt, silver, uranium, zinc, diamond coltan, gold, etc.
The Democratic Republic of Congo, located at the heart of Central Africa and crossed by the equator, covers an area of 2,345,000 km ².
It is bordered:
• To the west by the Atlantic Ocean, the Enclave of Cabinda and the Republic of Congo
• To the north by the Central African Republic and Sudan
• To the east by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania
• South by Zambia and Angola
Because of its size and its location which well astride the Equator, the DRC has several climates.
In regions of Ecuador, a warm equatorial climate dominates throughout the year. The thermometer rarely drops below 20°C. The area where this climate prevails is similar to the central basin, covered by the great equatorial forest.
On the edge of the basin, on the contrary, the nights are cooler: the frosts are common in Katanga during the dry season.
In the northeast and southeast regions of plateaus and mountains, a mountain climate reigns where the temperature drops gradually as the altitude increases.
Temperatures at different altitudes
Surrounding basin 25-26 ° C
1500 m from 18 to 20 ° C
2000 m from 16 to 17 ° C
3000 m 11 ° C
4000 m 6 ° C
4000 m 0 ° C
The tourism region of the Great Lakes and enjoys a Mediterranean climate throughout the year. Beyond 4000m, it snows and the mountain is covered by an ice cap. In this mountain climate, it rains throughout the year, but more at the foot of the mountain than on the summit.
The climate is a function of water and some other local influences rainfall, we distinguish two main seasons in the DRC:
• Dry season: Fresh season, the sky is gray and the temperatures are low, which is characterized by the lack of rain.
• Rainy season: Summer season, the sky is blue, plants and trees regain their sap and the landscapes is vibrant with green.
DRC provides a base for the largest forest in Africa. Dense, wet, dry, swampy, in the mountains or on the plains, forests has an area of 145 million hectares. A natural heritage, DRC forests comprise a complex mosaic of ecosystems. Primary energy sources, medicines and building materials.
Regarded as the second lung of the planet after the Amazon, these forests are a key element in the climate regulation: they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen.
The DRC is rich in many resources, including columbite-tantalite, cassiterite (SnO2), copper, cobalt, zinc, uranium, silver, diamonds, gold, oil, gas, wood, coal, lead, iron and manganese.
Ecosystems of the Democratic Republic of Congo are rich and varied. Congolese natural fauna is rich in various species, each adapted to the climatic and floristic conditions. Some species are found in all kinds of environments. Almost all large African animals exist in its reserves, this remarkable fauna includes many large or tall animals.
The forest is inhabited by gorillas, monkeys of all kinds (chimpanzees, bonobos, etc), wild boar warthog, bush pig and giant forest hogs, wild cats, ruminants such as red buffalo, forest antelope, okapi, forest elephants and swamps, hippos, rhinos and also by snakes, birds, some of which are distinguished by the beauty of their plumage or by their song. And like all hot countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo has countless varieties of insects.

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Zhuyun Maggie Xiao's picture

Translation

The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in Central Africa. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the east plateaus and covers most part of the Congo River basin. The north of the country is one of the largest areas of equatorial forest in the world; the east is the place where mountains, hills, the great lakes, but also volcanoes are presented.
The south and the center, rich in savannahs planted with trees, form a high plateau which has various minerals. The general climate of the country is hot and humid. Yet such situation varies according to provinces.
The difference is due to the equator which crosses the entire Congolese territory. The existence of a climate produces a dense vegetation and regulates agricultural activities of the Congolese population. The Democratic Republic of Congo is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups. In the northern part, the people are of Sudanese origin. Some peoples of the eastern borders are of Nilotic origin which are mostly farmers. Almost isolated totally in the rainforest, the pygmies, considered the first inhabitants of the country, live their lives mainly by hunting and gathering.
A portion of the population practice traditional religions, the majority is Christianized. Islam is especially prevalent in the country.
The DRC has deposits containing several minerals including copper, the cobalt, silver, uranium, zinc, diamond coltan, gold, etc.
The Democratic Republic of Congo, located at the heart of Central Africa and crossed by the equator, covers an area of 2,345,000 km ².
It is bordered:
• To the west by the Atlantic Ocean, the Enclave of Cabinda and the Republic of Congo
• To the north by the Central African Republic and Sudan
• To the east by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania
• South by Zambia and Angola
Because of its size and its location which well astride the Equator, the DRC has several climates.
In regions of Ecuador, a warm equatorial climate dominates throughout the year. The thermometer rarely drops below 20°C. The area where this climate prevails is similar to the central basin, covered by the great equatorial forest.
On the edge of the basin, on the contrary, the nights are cooler: the frosts are common in Katanga during the dry season.
In the northeast and southeast regions of plateaus and mountains, a mountain climate reigns where the temperature drops gradually as the altitude increases.
Temperatures at different altitudes
Surrounding basin 25-26 ° C
1500 m from 18 to 20 ° C
2000 m from 16 to 17 ° C
3000 m 11 ° C
4000 m 6 ° C
4000 m 0 ° C
The tourism region of the Great Lakes and enjoys a Mediterranean climate throughout the year. Beyond 4000m, it snows and the mountain is covered by an ice cap. In this mountain climate, it rains throughout the year, but more at the foot of the mountain than on the summit.
The climate is a function of water and some other local influences rainfall, we distinguish two main seasons in the DRC:
• Dry season: Fresh season, the sky is gray and the temperatures are low, which is characterized by the lack of rain.
• Rainy season: Summer season, the sky is blue, plants and trees regain their sap and the landscapes is vibrant with green.
DRC provides a base for the largest forest in Africa. Dense, wet, dry, swampy, in the mountains or on the plains, forests has an area of 145 million hectares. A natural heritage, DRC forests comprise a complex mosaic of ecosystems. Primary energy sources, medicines and building materials.
Regarded as the second lung of the planet after the Amazon, these forests are a key element in the climate regulation: they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen.
The DRC is rich in many resources, including columbite-tantalite, cassiterite (SnO2), copper, cobalt, zinc, uranium, silver, diamonds, gold, oil, gas, wood, coal, lead, iron and manganese.
Ecosystems of the Democratic Republic of Congo are rich and varied. Congolese natural fauna is rich in various species, each adapted to the climatic and floristic conditions. Some species are found in all kinds of environments. Almost all large African animals exist in its reserves, this remarkable fauna includes many large or tall animals.
The forest is inhabited by gorillas, monkeys of all kinds (chimpanzees, bonobos, etc), wild boar warthog, bush pig and giant forest hogs, wild cats, ruminants such as red buffalo, forest antelope, okapi, forest elephants and swamps, hippos, rhinos and also by snakes, birds, some of which are distinguished by the beauty of their plumage or by their song. And like all hot countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo has countless varieties of insects.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

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