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Des solutions pour l’Environnement

Les forêts d’Afrique centrale constituent, après l’Amazonie, la deuxième plus grande étendue de forêts-tropicales du monde. Nous avons à reconnaitre que la région d’Afrique centrale jouit d’une diversité biologique importante.
Selon Jambon 2004 la forêt tropicale constitue le deuxième poumon de la planète en raison de sa contribution aux équilibres écologiques globaux.
Selon David-Lamb 1997, l’avenir des terres forestières tropicales se dessine dans une persécute de paysage aux forêts dégradées, aux plantations monoculture ou aux terres agricoles parsemées de quelques espaces couverts des forêts plus ou moins laissées à l’état naturel sur des terrains, escarpés ou dans des zones reculées. La République démocratique du Congo est un immense pays d’environ
2.345.000 Km2 ; plus de 50% du secteur national sont d’ouverts des forêts (May aux et al 2004)
Cependant, la préservation des forêts et le principe de pollueur payeur serait une solution pour protéger l’environnement. D’une importance capital pour la protection du ciment, les forêts du bassin du Congo revêtent plus de 172 millions d’hectares et constituent le deuxième plus grand massif de forêts tropicales .De la relation à l’environnement dans la vie de tous les jours, on estime que 40 millions de congolais dépendent exclusivement de ses ressources et qu’un bon environnement assure une vie saine. Due à la mauvaise gestion des forêts tropicales en général et celle de la R .D.C en particulier, pourront être mise en cause :
-La surexploitation des espèces, la pollution et la destruction de l’habitat.
-Les forêts qui absorbent beaucoup de gaz carbonique sont malheureusement menacées d’extinction par la déforestation causée par l’homme : ce qui peut causer des graves dégâts de la population de l’air et du changement, climatique.
-La destruction de la couverture végétale du sol, cause la dégradation du sol qui devient très pauvre.
- le brulure des arbres pour la production des braises est l’une des graves pollutions des l’air qui conduirait, dans les jours avenir, aux pluies acides très refasses à la végétation.
-le sol est voué à l’érosion d’où la destruction l’humus et l’inhibition du dynamisme de la végétation.
Comme piste de solution, je connais une ONG(green-pace)et un projet(or vert) visant la protection de l’environnement, même une association(friand of nature) .Et pour assurer la gestion durable et participative des forêts congolaises, la RDC a élaborée et promulguée en 2002 ,un code forestier.
Des connaissances écologiques traditionnelles ou des technologies (outils propre à notre culture, qui pourraient être source d’espoir sont par exemple : Des cultures saisonnières et introduction des espèces exotique dans certains milieux pour lutter contre l’érosion.

English translation by community member liannareed

Solutions for the environment

The forests of central Africa make up, after the Amazon, the second largest area of tropical forests in the world. We have to recognize that the region of central Africa plays a role in the important biological diversity. According to Jambon in 2004 the tropical forest makes up the second lung of the planet and it has a great contribution to equalizing the global ecology.
According to David-Lam in 1997 the future of tropical forest on earth emerges in the persecuted countryside of degraded forests to the monoculture plantations or to the farmland dotted with a few spaces covered with forests more or less left in a natural state on land, or steep areas. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a large country around 2,345,000 km2: more than 50% of the national sector is open to forests (May et al. 2004).

However the preservation of the forests must come from a solution to protect the environment from pollution. The most important is the protection of cement and the forests of the Congo Basin, which make up more than 172 million hectares and constitute the second largest tropical forest. The relation of the environment in our daily life is that 40 millions Congolese depend exclusively on the resources of the forest and a good environment assure a healthy life. Because of the bad management of the tropical forests in general and specially those in the DRC the following must be questioned:
-the over exploitation of spaces, pollution and the destruction of habitats
-the forests that absorb a lot of carbon dioxide but are unfortunately threatened by extinction by the deforestation caused by man: this causes serious damages to the population in terms of air and climate change
-the distribution of vegetable cover of the soil
the burning of trees for the production of coal that leads to air pollution that then comes in later days as acid rain that comes back to the vegetation
-the soil erosion where human destruction occurs and the inhibition for energetic vegetation.
As a path towards a solution I know an NGO (Greenpeace) and a project (Green) that sees the protection of the environment, even an association (Friends of Nature). And to ensure the sustainable management and participation of the Congolese forests, the DRC announced in 2002 a forest code. The knowledge of traditional ecology and technologies tools of our own culture can be a source of help, for example seasonal cultures and the introduction of exotic species in certain places will help in the fight against erosion.

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liannareed's picture

Translation

Solutions for the environment
The forests of central Africa make up, after the Amazon, the second largest area of tropical forests in the world. We have to recognize that the region of central Africa plays a role in the important biological diversity. According to Jambon in 2004 the tropical forest makes up the second lung of the planet and it has a great contribution to equalizing the global ecology.
According to David-Lam in 1997 the future of tropical forest on earth emerges in the persecuted countryside of degraded forests to the monoculture plantations or to the farmland dotted with a few spaces covered with forests more or less left in a natural state on land, or steep areas. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a large country around 2,345,000 km2: more than 50% of the national sector is open to forests (May et al. 2004).

However the preservation of the forests must come from a solution to protect the environment from pollution. The most important is the protection of cement and the forests of the Congo Basin, which make up more than 172 million hectares and constitute the second largest tropical forest. The relation of the environment in our daily life is that 40 millions Congolese depend exclusively on the resources of the forest and a good environment assure a healthy life. Because of the bad management of the tropical forests in general and specially those in the DRC the following must be questioned:
-the over exploitation of spaces, pollution and the destruction of habitats
-the forests that absorb a lot of carbon dioxide but are unfortunately threatened by extinction by the deforestation caused by man: this causes serious damages to the population in terms of air and climate change
-the distribution of vegetable cover of the soil
the burning of trees for the production of coal that leads to air pollution that then comes in later days as acid rain that comes back to the vegetation
-the soil erosion where human destruction occurs and the inhibition for energetic vegetation.
As a path towards a solution I know an NGO (Greenpeace) and a project (Green) that sees the protection of the environment, even an association (Friends of Nature). And to ensure the sustainable management and participation of the Congolese forests, the DRC announced in 2002 a forest code. The knowledge of traditional ecology and technologies tools of our own culture can be a source of help, for example seasonal cultures and the introduction of exotic species in certain places will help in the fight against erosion.

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