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RDC Environnement

RDC Environnement

La République Démocratique du Congo, un pays vaste au cœur de l’Afrique qui renferme une forêt énorme, appelée Forêt Equatoriale, traverse des multiples défis environnementaux. Plusieurs facteurs sont à la base. Il s’agit de la destruction massive de cette forêt qui couvre l’ensemble du pays. C’est comme l’abattage désordonné des arbres, la présence des immondices et des déchets plastiques un peu partout. Cela s’accentue par les constructions anarchiques qui constituent une conséquence néfaste de l’exode rural. L’incidence est l’accroissement de la population qui se confine à un seul endroit. La plupart de fois c’est dans les villes que cela se passe. Ici à Bukavu, une ville qui se trouve dans la région pluvieuse et qui est dans la province du Sud-Kivu (Est du pays), les choses s’aggravent. Le sol bukavien étant argileux, présente des glissements de terre permanents. La protection pour ce genre de sol, les arbres présentent une grande nécessité. Hélas, le déboisement dans la ville devient remarquable. Les arbres qui, jadis, donnaient la beauté à la ville et luttaient contre les érosions n’existent plus. Ainsi, certains endroits de Bukavu connaissent déjà des mouvements érosifs qui s’intensifient de plus en plus. Dans la commune de Kadutu, appelée la commune-mère de Bukavu, les choses sont visibles. D’abord, c’est la commune qui se trouve sur la pente de la montagne. Et, donc le sol est fragile lorsqu’il n’est pas protégé par les arbres. Ensuite, les constructeurs des maisons s’autorisent à creuser sans aucune notion de normes architecturales. Ils se mettent à provoquer le sol, tout en oubliant les dangers que cela cause. C’est plus souvent des éboulements de terre qui occasionnent des morts. Plusieurs fois les services publics tels le ministère congolais de l’environnement et conservation de la nature sensibilisent tous les congolais à protéger l’environnement. Ils se réfèrent à l’article 53 de la constitution de la RDC qui stipule que toute personne a droit à un environnement sain et propice à son épanouissement intégral. Elle a le devoir de le défendre. Dans ce même article, il est dit que l’Etat doit veiller à la protection de l’environnement et à la santé des populations. Cette partie de l’article n’est pas respecté par la plupart de congolais ou des sud-kivutiens. Pour les arbres surtout, la déforestation continue à se pratiquer. La plupart des ménages utilisent les bois de chauffe, les braises. Tous ces arbres coupés ne sont pas remplacés. Le reboisement qui est indispensable reste encore loin des décisions des dirigeants, même de la population. Mais quelques personnes se sont déjà investies dans ce sauvetage de notre province. Ce manque d’initiative conduit aujourd’hui à des graves conséquences. Le climat de la province du Sud-Kivu se constitue par deux saisons : la saison pluvieuse et la saison sèche. La première comprend normalement 8 mois et la seconde 2. Actuellement, on observe 4 ou 5 mois de sécheresse. Ce qui renvoie à plusieurs éléments nuisibles à la santé. Les poussières pendant ce temps-là produisent des maladies comme la grippe, les maux de tête. Le soleil devient aussi exténuant et delà insupportable. Les plantes sèchent et les agriculteurs sont bouleversés par cette situation incontrôlable. L’utilité d’arbres doit, normalement être connue de tous. Hormis la protection qu’ils donnent au sol, ils livrent aussi de l’oxygène aux êtres humains et absorbent le gaz carbonique que ces êtres dégagent. Ainsi, il est important de savoir que sans arbre il n’y a pas de vie. Les organisations non gouvernementales comme PNUD, ERND Institute, et Rainforest fondation des organisations œuvrant dans le programme de l’environnement essaient de sensibiliser la population sur la protection de l’environnement et l’interdit d’abattre les arbres sans motif. C’est pourquoi, elle appelle tous les habitants à aimer les arbres, et l’environnement en général, pour éviter des perturbations du climat, de la fertilité qui pourra causer des dégâts non négligeables sur la population.

Eulalie Mufungizi

English translation by community member bikesu

Environment in the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo, is a very big country in the heart of Africa. This country is home to a large forest, called the Equatorial Forest. This forest is subject to multiple environmental challenges, because it is being destroyed. The trees of this forest are being destroyed, the forest is polluted with plastic bags and other waste. This pollution is increased by the anarchical constructions, result of the rural exodus. This population increase that confine themselves to a certain location is the most common cause of deforestation. Here in Bukavu, a very rainy part of the DRC, which is also in the South-Kivu (eastern part of the country), things are getting worse. The soil of Bukavu was clay soil, therefore landslides are likely to occur. The only way to prevent landslides in such areas is by having trees that hold the soil down. Therefore, deforestation in the villages is an important issue. The beautiful trees in Bukavu were there to prevent soil erosion. However these trees do not exist anymore, therefore certain parts of Bukavu have seen an intensifying erosion. In the Kadutu community, considered to be mothering-borough of Bukavu, the effects of erosion are visible. This community is on the slope of a mountain, therefore the soil there is very fragile because of the lack of trees. Moreover, the builders dig without any architectural knowledge needed for such areas. They agitate the soil, forgetting about the dangers they might cause for the environment. More than often people die because of landslides, and the Ministry of Environment of Congo is trying to raise awareness in order to get people to be more sensitive about the topic. They refer to the 53rd article of the constitution of DRC which stipulate that everybody has the right to live in a clean and propicious environment that is a good place for one's complete fullfilment. A person has the right to defend themselves. In the same article, it is said that the state needs to protect the environment and the health of the population. This part of the article is not respected by most of the congolese or Southern Kivutians. They keep on cutting down the trees. Most people use trees for heating. No trees are planted in place of those that are cut. The stakeholders and population do not think of reforestation , which is actually very important if we want to protect our environment . This lack of control has its serious consequences today. The climate of South Kivu is composed of two seasons. Normally, a rainy and a dry season. It usually rains for 8 months and then there is drought for 2 months, however we experience 4-5 months of drought. This causes many dangers to the health of the community that lives there also. The dust during these times causes illnesses such as the flu or headaches. The sun also becomes unbearable. The plants dry up, and farmers are shaken by this uncontrollable situation. The benefits of treed should be known by everybody. Other than protecting the soil, they also provide oxygen for us humans by absorbing carbondioxide and transforming it. It is important to note that without trees life would not exist. NGOs such as PNUD, ERND Institute, and Rainforest Foundation are trying to get the population to be more sensitive, in terms of protecting the environment and to fight against the cutting down of trees for no good reason. This is why I invite all the inhabitants to love trees, and the environment in general, to avoid climate change, and to avoid changes in crop yield which can cause harm to the population which we cannot ignore.

Eulaile Mufungizi

Comments

bikesu's picture

Translation

Environment in the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo, is a very big country in the heart of Africa. This country is home to a large forest, called the Equatorial Forest. This forest is subject to multiple environmental challenges, because it is being destroyed. The trees of this forest are being destroyed, the forest is polluted with plastic bags and other waste. This pollution is increased by the anarchical constructions, result of the rural exodus. This population increase that confine themselves to a certain location is the most common cause of deforestation. Here in Bukavu, a very rainy part of the DRC, which is also in the South-Kivu (eastern part of the country), things are getting worse. The soil of Bukavu was clay soil, therefore landslides are likely to occur. The only way to prevent landslides in such areas is by having trees that hold the soil down. Therefore, deforestation in the villages is an important issue. The beautiful trees in Bukavu were there to prevent soil erosion. However these trees do not exist anymore, therefore certain parts of Bukavu have seen an intensifying erosion. In the Kadutu community, considered to be mothering-borough of Bukavu, the effects of erosion are visible. This community is on the slope of a mountain, therefore the soil there is very fragile because of the lack of trees. Moreover, the builders dig without any architectural knowledge needed for such areas. They agitate the soil, forgetting about the dangers they might cause for the environment. More than often people die because of landslides, and the Ministry of Environment of Congo is trying to raise awareness in order to get people to be more sensitive about the topic. They refer to the 53rd article of the constitution of DRC which stipulate that everybody has the right to live in a clean and propicious environment that is a good place for one's complete fullfilment. A person has the right to defend themselves. In the same article, it is said that the state needs to protect the environment and the health of the population. This part of the article is not respected by most of the congolese or Southern Kivutians. They keep on cutting down the trees. Most people use trees for heating. No trees are planted in place of those that are cut. The stakeholders and population do not think of reforestation , which is actually very important if we want to protect our environment . This lack of control has its serious consequences today. The climate of South Kivu is composed of two seasons. Normally, a rainy and a dry season. It usually rains for 8 months and then there is drought for 2 months, however we experience 4-5 months of drought. This causes many dangers to the health of the community that lives there also. The dust during these times causes illnesses such as the flu or headaches. The sun also becomes unbearable. The plants dry up, and farmers are shaken by this uncontrollable situation. The benefits of treed should be known by everybody. Other than protecting the soil, they also provide oxygen for us humans by absorbing carbondioxide and transforming it. It is important to note that without trees life would not exist. NGOs such as PNUD, ERND Institute, and Rainforest Foundation are trying to get the population to be more sensitive, in terms of protecting the environment and to fight against the cutting down of trees for no good reason. This is why I invite all the inhabitants to love trees, and the environment in general, to avoid climate change, and to avoid changes in crop yield which can cause harm to the population which we cannot ignore.

Eulaile Mufungizi

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