The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in Central Africa. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the east and trays covers most part of the Congo River basin. The north of the country is one of the largest areas of equatorial forest in the world, The east is the area of mountains, hills , the Great Lakes , but also volcanoes .
The south and center , rich savannahs , form a plateau in various minerals . The general climate is hot and humid. But this varies by province.
The difference is due to the equator crosses the entire Congolese territory. The existence of a climate produces a dense vegetation and regulates agricultural activities of the Congolese population. The Democratic Republic of Congo is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups. In the northern part , the people are of Sudanese origin . Some peoples of the eastern borders are of Nilotic origin are mostly farmers . Almost totally isolated in the rainforest , the pygmies, considered the first inhabitants of the country, live mainly by hunting and gathering .
A portion of the population practice traditional religions , the majority is Christianized . Islam is especially prevalent in the country.
The DRC has deposits containing several minerals including copper, the cobalt, silver , uranium , zinc , diamond coltan , gold etc. . ....
The Democratic Republic of Congo , located in the heart of Central Africa and crossed by the equator , covers an area of 2,345,000 km ².
It is bordered :
• To the west by the Atlantic Ocean , the Enclave of Cabinda and the Republic of Congo
• To the north by the Central African Republic and Sudan
• To the east by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania
• South by Zambia and Angola
Because of its size and its location well astride the Equator , the DRC has several climates.
In regions of Ecuador reign a warm equatorial climate throughout the year. The thermometer rarely drops below 20 ° C. The area where this climate prevails corresponds approximately to the central basin , covered by the great equatorial forest.
On the periphery of the basin , on the contrary , the nights are cooler : the frosts are not uncommon in Katanga during the dry season.
In the north- east and south -east regions of plateaus and mountains, a climate temperate mountain where the temperature drops gradually as it gains altitude .
25-26 ° C
1500 m from 18 to 20 ° C
2000 m from 16 to 17 ° C
3000 m 11 ° C
4000 m 6 ° C
4000 m 0 ° C
The tourism region of the Great Lakes and enjoys a Mediterranean climate throughout the year . Beyond 4000 m, mountain snow and it is covered by an ice cap . In this mountain climate , it rains throughout the year, but more at the foot of the mountain on the summit.
The climate is a function of water and some other local influences rainfall , we distinguish two main seasons in DR Congo :
• Dry season : Fresh season , the sky is gray and the temperatures are low, which is characterized by the lack of rain.
• Rainy season : Summer season , the sky is blue, plants and trees regain their sap and green landscapes .
DRC has the largest forest in Africa. Dense , wet , dry , swampy , in the mountains or on the plains , forests cover about 145 million hectares. A natural heritage, DRC forests comprise a complex mosaic of ecosystems . Primary source of energy , medicines and building materials.
Rightly regarded as the second lung of the planet after the Amazon , they are a key element in the regulation of climate : they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen .
The DRC is rich in many resources, including coltan , cassiterite , copper, cobalt, zinc , uranium , silver , diamonds , gold , oil , gas, wood, coal , lead, iron and manganese .
Ecosystems of the Democratic Republic of Congo are rich and varied. Congolese natural fauna DRC is rich in various species , each adapted to the climatic and floristic conditions. Some species are found in all environments . Almost all large African animals exist in its reserves, this remarkable fauna includes many species of large and even very large .
The forest is inhabited by gorillas , monkeys of all kinds ( chimpanzees, bonobos ... ) , wild boar warthog , bush pig and giant forest hogs , wild cats , ruminants such as red buffalo, antelope
forest, okapi, forest elephants and swamps , hippos , rhinos and by snake wood , birds , some of which are distinguished by the beauty of their plumage or their song. And like all hot countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo has countless varieties of insectes