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DES SOLUTIONS POUR L’ENVIRONNEMENT

Le terme « Environnement » est un terme qui date de très longtemps.
L’environnement signifie l’ensemble des caractéristiques physiques, chimiques et biologiques dans lequel l’homme, les animaux, les végétaux, les micro-organismes…y vivent par contre, on définit l’environnement comme étant un ensemble des écosystèmes qui nous entourent et qui sont en harmonie selon lesquels n’on enlève un élément on crée un déséquilibre.
L’environnement nous présente les caractéristiques ci-après :
Il met l’accent sur les relations entre les organismes vivants et le milieu mais aussi les interactions dynamiques entre les composantes du système.
Il privilégie l’approche globale et systémique.
Il favorise la diversité qu’il convient de préserver et d’accroitre (biodiversité et diversité culturelle).
Il a une portée élargie et vise l’amélioration de la qualité du cadre de vie.
Il se situe dans une perspective à long terme.
Parlons un peu aussi du terme écologie ; l’écologie est un terme qui a été inventée en 1885 par REITER, signifiant « Science de l’habitat ».
Elle étudie les relations réciproques entre les organismes et leur environnement.
Entre les termes environnement et écologie, il y a une petite différence car dans le terme en environnement l’homme n’est pas ignoré par contre dans le terme écologie l’homme est ignoré, l’accent est mis ici sur l’habitat.
Les effets de l’exploitation minière sont énormes sur tout le plan et déforestation qui est le fait de faire disparaître la forêt, en d’autre terme le déboisement, pour ce qui concerne le changement climatique, ce changement climatique est l’objet des plusieurs facteurs que nous auront abordé dans la partie suivante.
En effet, les problèmes environnementaux viennent principalement de 2 catégories d’activités humaines :
 L’utilisation des ressources naturelles à des niveaux insoutenables.
 La contamination de l’environnement par la pollution et les déchets.
1. L’utilisation des ressources naturelles à des niveaux insoutenables.
Cette utilisation de ressource à des niveaux insoutenables consiste à exploiter les ressources naturelles de sorte que l’environnement n’arrive plus à supporter, pour ce faire il pourrait produire tôt ou tard une réaction car dit-on qu’à chaque action correspond une réaction, et cette réaction pourrait être grave sur la vie de l’homme.
Ce que nous devons savoir, est que l’environnement est une affaire de tous c-à-d que tout le monde doit y apporter une pierre pour préserver l’environnement pour la génération actuelle mais aussi la génération future.
Dans l’environnement nous devons entendre les ressources naturelles qui font référence à des entités en intrants de nature très diverses telles que : l’eau, le sol, les terres pâturages, les forêts, les bois, les ressources halieutiques et la faune sauvage.
Les effets de l’exploitation minières sont énormes et sur tout le plan d’autant plus que cette exploitation minière est traditionnelle.
Cette exploitation minière est à base des conflits, des tueries, des exploitations ou des abus sexuels, des exploitations des enfants (mineurs) pour ne citer que cela.
La déforestation ou alors le déboisement est à la base des érosions, des éboulements, des réchauffements climatiques etc.
Le changement climatique est du aussi à plusieurs facteurs. Nous pouvons citer : la pollution de l’air, l’utilisation des véhicules à désiel, les usines etc.
Ma relation à l’environnement dans la vie de tous les jours, je dirai que cette relation est un tout pour moi c’est-à-dire que l’environnement constitue pour nous :
 Un moyen de substance : En premier lieu, c’est l’incidence sur la santé et la productivité avec la taille de la population et en deuxième lieu les dépenses des ressources naturelles.
 Les risques environnementaux.
 Développement économique (impact de la dégradation de l’environnement sur le développement humain) etc.
Les conséquences des problèmes environnementaux sur nos enfants et notre descendance ou nos descendances alors sont énormes. Nous en avons citées certaines précédemment mais en voici certaines d’autres : Dégradation des actifs environnementaux, la modification des écosystenies, la dégradation de capital naturel, le risque sanitaire, la modification de la disponibilité et de la qualité de ressource naturelle ou les ressources naturelles (l’eau, les forêts, la flore sauvage, le sol, les terres pâturages, les bois les ressources halieutiques etc.
En conclusion, nous avons de recommandations face à ces problèmes environnementaux, voici ce que nous souhaitons proposé face à cela.
Il faut qu’il soit certains nombre de participation de la population car dit-on que la participation de tous constitue la clé de voûte de tout développement durable car elle permet :
 De renfoncer les potentialités et capacités existantes.
 D’accroitre le sens des responsabilités des acteurs.
 De renforcer l’engagement de ceux-ci en faveur des objectifs fixés.
 De jeter les bases d’une acceptation sociale à long terme.
 D’augmenter l’autosuffisance.
 D’établir des institutions plus solides et démocratiques et relations de partenariat.
En voici certaines participations importantes :
 L’auto-participation.
 Participation interactive.
 Participation liée aux mesures incitatives.
 Participation par consultation.
 Participation informative.
 Participation passive.
Il faut éliminer aussi la pauvreté, création d’emploi, moyen de substance durable, promotion de la femme et la protection de la régénération de l’environnement.
Il faut aussi établir des règles qui régissent l’environnement ainsi que des sanctions sevères.

English translation by community member Zhuyun Maggie Xiao

The term “environment” is a term which dates back a long time.

Environment means the group of physical, chemical and biological characteristics in which man, animal, plants, microorganisms … live. On the other hand, one defines environment as being a group of ecosystems which sound us and is in harmony according to which, when an element is removed, an imbalance is created.

It not only focuses on the relationship between living organisms and the environment, but also the dynamic interactions between system components.

It emphasizes the holistic and systemic approach.

It favors diversity which aims to preserve and increase (biodiversity and cultural diversity).

It has a broad scope and it aims to improve the quality of life.

It lies in a long-term perspective.

Let us also talk a little about the term ecology; ecology is a term which was invented in 1885 by Reiter, meaning “Science of habitat”.

She studies the mutual relationship between organisms and their environment.

Between the terms “environment” and “ecology”, there is a little difference because for the term “environment”, human is not ignored, while for the term ecology, human is ignored, the emphasis here is placed on habitat.

The effects of mining are huge overall and deforestation which is done to make the forest disappear, in other words the clearing of woods, with regard to the climate change; this climate change is the subject of several factors which we will discuss in the following section.

In fact, the environmental problems come mainly in two categories of human activities:

Use of natural resource to unsustainable levels.
Contamination of environment by pollution and waste.
1. Use of natural resources to unsustainable levels.

The use of natural resource to unsustainable levels consists in exploiting natural resources so that the environment can no longer support; to this end, it might react sooner or later because it is said that each action corresponds to a reaction, and this reaction could be severe for the life of human.

What we need to know is that environment is an issue for all i.e. all cases which everyone must contribute to preserve the environment for the present generation and also the future generations.

In the environment we need to listen to the natural resources which refer to entities in a wide variety of inputs of nature, such as water, soil, grazing lands, forests, woods, fisheries and wildlife.

Traditional mining has vast effects on all levels.

This mining exploitation is the base of conflicts, killings, sexual abuses or the exploitations of children under the age of 18, to name a few.

Deforestation is the base of erosion, landslides, climate warming, etc.

Climate change is also related to several factors. We can mention: air pollution, use of diesel for vehicles, factories, etc.

My relationship to the environment in daily life, I would say that this relationship is everything for me that is to say that the environment is for us:

A way of substance: First, it is the impact on health and productivity with the size of the population and secondly, expenditure of natural resources.
Environmental risks.
Economic development (impact of environment degradation on human development, etc.)
The consequences of environmental problems on our children and our offspring or descendants are enormous. We have mentioned some previously but here are some others: degradation of environmental assets, modification of ecosystems, degradation of natural capital, health risk, modification, availability and quality of natural resource (water, forest, wild flora, soil, pasture land, woods, fishery resources, etc.)

In conclusion, we have recommendations towards these environmental problems, here are what we wish to propose to deal with the problems.

It must be some number of public population because it is said that participation of all is the keystone of all sustainable development because it allows:

Reinforce potentials and existing capacities.
Increase the sense of responsibilities of actors.
Strengthen commitment of those in favor of fixed objectives.
Lay the foundations for a long-term social acceptance.
Increase self-sufficiency.
Establish more solid and democratic institutions and partnerships.
Here are some important participations:

Self-participation
Interactive participation
Participation linked to incentives
Participation by consultation.
Informative participation
Passive participation
It should also eliminate poverty, create jobs, develop sustainable ways of living, promote women and protect environmental regeneration.

It should also establish rules governing the environment as well as severe sanctions.

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Zhuyun Maggie Xiao's picture

Translation

The term “environment” is a term which dates back a long time.

Environment means the group of physical, chemical and biological characteristics in which man, animal, plants, microorganisms … live. On the other hand, one defines environment as being a group of ecosystems which sound us and is in harmony according to which, when an element is removed, an imbalance is created.

It not only focuses on the relationship between living organisms and the environment, but also the dynamic interactions between system components.

It emphasizes the holistic and systemic approach.

It favors diversity which aims to preserve and increase (biodiversity and cultural diversity).

It has a broad scope and it aims to improve the quality of life.

It lies in a long-term perspective.

Let us also talk a little about the term ecology; ecology is a term which was invented in 1885 by Reiter, meaning “Science of habitat”.

She studies the mutual relationship between organisms and their environment.

Between the terms “environment” and “ecology”, there is a little difference because for the term “environment”, human is not ignored, while for the term ecology, human is ignored, the emphasis here is placed on habitat.

The effects of mining are huge overall and deforestation which is done to make the forest disappear, in other words the clearing of woods, with regard to the climate change; this climate change is the subject of several factors which we will discuss in the following section.

In fact, the environmental problems come mainly in two categories of human activities:

Use of natural resource to unsustainable levels.
Contamination of environment by pollution and waste.
1. Use of natural resources to unsustainable levels.

The use of natural resource to unsustainable levels consists in exploiting natural resources so that the environment can no longer support; to this end, it might react sooner or later because it is said that each action corresponds to a reaction, and this reaction could be severe for the life of human.

What we need to know is that environment is an issue for all i.e. all cases which everyone must contribute to preserve the environment for the present generation and also the future generations.

In the environment we need to listen to the natural resources which refer to entities in a wide variety of inputs of nature, such as water, soil, grazing lands, forests, woods, fisheries and wildlife.

Traditional mining has vast effects on all levels.

This mining exploitation is the base of conflicts, killings, sexual abuses or the exploitations of children under the age of 18, to name a few.

Deforestation is the base of erosion, landslides, climate warming, etc.

Climate change is also related to several factors. We can mention: air pollution, use of diesel for vehicles, factories, etc.

My relationship to the environment in daily life, I would say that this relationship is everything for me that is to say that the environment is for us:

A way of substance: First, it is the impact on health and productivity with the size of the population and secondly, expenditure of natural resources.
Environmental risks.
Economic development (impact of environment degradation on human development, etc.)
The consequences of environmental problems on our children and our offspring or descendants are enormous. We have mentioned some previously but here are some others: degradation of environmental assets, modification of ecosystems, degradation of natural capital, health risk, modification, availability and quality of natural resource (water, forest, wild flora, soil, pasture land, woods, fishery resources, etc.)

In conclusion, we have recommendations towards these environmental problems, here are what we wish to propose to deal with the problems.

It must be some number of public population because it is said that participation of all is the keystone of all sustainable development because it allows:

Reinforce potentials and existing capacities.
Increase the sense of responsibilities of actors.
Strengthen commitment of those in favor of fixed objectives.
Lay the foundations for a long-term social acceptance.
Increase self-sufficiency.
Establish more solid and democratic institutions and partnerships.
Here are some important participations:

Self-participation
Interactive participation
Participation linked to incentives
Participation by consultation.
Informative participation
Passive participation
It should also eliminate poverty, create jobs, develop sustainable ways of living, promote women and protect environmental regeneration.

It should also establish rules governing the environment as well as severe sanctions.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

solange mushengezi's picture

Thank you

Hi!
Taking your time to translate my journal. see u soon!

Mauwa Brigitte's picture

Réponse

Salut!
Merci pour votre intention sur mon journal.

Brigitte

Mauwa Brigitte's picture

Thank you Maggie Xiao

Hi!
Taking your time to translate my journal. see u soon!

Brigitte

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