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BEAUTE DE LA RDC

La république démocratique du Congo est le plus vaste pays d’Afrique centrale .il s’étend de l’océan atlantique aux plateaux de l’est et correspond à la majeure partie du bassin du fleuve Congo. Le nord du pays est un des plus grands domaines du foret équatorial au monde ; L’est du pays est le domaine des montagnes, de Collines, des grands Lacs, mais aussi des volcans.
Le sud et centre, riches en savanes arborées, forment un haut plateau en minerais divers. Le climat général du pays est chaud et humide. Mais cette situation varie selon les provinces.
La différence est due au fait l’équateur traverse la totalité du territoire congolais. L’existence d’un climat produit une végétation dense et régit les activités agricoles de la population congolaise. La République Démocratique du Congo est habitée par 250 groupes ethniques. Dans la partie septentrionale, les peuples sont d’origine soudanaise. Certains peuples des confins orientaux qui sont d’origine nilotique sont surtout éleveurs. Presque totalement isolés au sein de la forêt équatoriale, les pygmées, considérés comme premiers occupants du pays, vivent essentiellement de la chasse et de la cueillette.
Une portion de la population pratique les religions traditionnelles, la majorité est christianisée. L’islam est surtout répandu dans l’est du pays.
La RDC possède des gisements contenant plusieurs minerais dont les cuivre, les cobalt, l’argent, l’uranium, le zinc, coltan diamant, l’or etc. ….
La République Démocratique du Congo, située au plein cœur de l’Afrique centrale et traversée par l’Équateur, s’étend sur une superficie de 2.345.000 km².
Elle est bordée :
• A l’ouest par l’océan Atlantique, l’Enclave de Cabinda et la République du Congo
• Au nord par la République Centrafricaine et le Soudan
• A l’est par l’Ouganda, le Rwanda, le Burundi et la Tanzanie
• Au sud par la Zambie et l’Angola
En raison de son étendue et de sa situation bien à cheval sur l'Équateur, la RDC a plusieurs climats.
Dans les régions de l'Équateur règne un climat chaud et équatorial tout au long de l'année. Le thermomètre ne descend qu'exceptionnellement au-dessous de 20°C. La zone où règne ce climat correspond approximativement à la cuvette centrale, couverte par la grande forêt équatoriale.
Sur le pourtour de cette cuvette, au contraire, les nuits sont plus froides : les gelées blanches ne sont pas rares au Katanga au cours de la saison sèche.
Dans le nord-est et le sud-est, régions de plateaux et de montagnes, règne un climat de montagne tempéré dont la température s'abaisse au fur et à mesure que l'on prend de l'altitude.

Altitude Température
Pourtour cuvette 25 à 26°C
1.500 m 18 à 20°C
2.000 m 16 à 17°C
3.000 m 11°C
4.000 m 6°C
+4.000 m 0°C

La région touristique des grands lacs jouit ainsi d'un climat méditerranéen toute l'année. Au delà de 4.000 m, il neige et la montagne se couvre d'une calotte glaciaire. Dans ce climat de montagne, il pleut toute l'année, mais davantage au pied de la montagne que sur le sommet.
Le climat étant fonction des précipitations d'eau et de certaines autres influences locales, on distingue en RD Congo deux saisons principales :
•Saison sèche : Saison fraîche, le ciel est gris et les températures sont basses, que caractérise le manque de pluies.
•Saison des pluies : Saison d'été, le ciel est bleu, les plantes et les arbres retrouvent leur sève et les paysages sont verdoyants.
En RDC abrite la plus vaste forêt d’Afrique. Denses, humides, sèches, marécageuses, en montagne ou sur les plaines, les forêts couvrent environ 145 millions d’hectares. Véritable patrimoine naturel, les forêts de la RDC composent une mosaïque complexe d’écosystèmes. Première source d’énergie,de médicaments et de matériaux de construction.

Considérées à juste titre comme le deuxième poumon de la planète, après l'Amazonie, elles sont un élément clé de la régulation du climat : elles absorbent le dioxyde de carbone et libèrent de l’oxygène.
La RDC est riche de nombreuses ressources, dont du coltan, de la cassitérite, du cuivre, du cobalt, du zinc, de l'uranium, de l'argent, des diamants, de l'or, du pétrole, du gaz, du bois, du charbon, du plomb, du fer et du manganèse.

Les écosystèmes de la République démocratique du Congo sont riches et variés. La faune naturelle congolaise est la RDC est riche en espèces diverses, adaptées chacune aux conditions climatiques et floristiques. Certaines espèces se rencontrent dans tous les milieux. Presque tous les grands animaux africains existent dans ses réserves, cette faune remarquable comprend beaucoup d’espèces de grande et même de très grande taille.

La forêt est peuplée par les gorilles,les singes de tout genre (les chimpanzés, les bonobos...), les sangliers phacochères, potamochères ou hylochères, les chats sauvages, les ruminants tels que buffles rouges, les antilopes de
forêt, l'okapi, l'éléphant de forêt et de marécages, les hippopotames, les rhinocéros ainsi que par des serpent des bois, des oiseaux dont certains se distinguent par la beauté de leur plumage ou celle de leur chant. Et comme tous les pays chauds, la République démocratique du Congo compte d’innombrables variétés d’insectes.

English translation by community member Evjoy

Beauty of the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in central Africa. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Eastern plateaus and comprises the majority of the basin of the Congo River. The north of the country holds one of the largest tropical rainforests in the world. The east of the country is a mountainous domain full of hills, large lakes, and also volcanoes. The south and the center of the country, rich in tree-filled savannas, form a high plateau in diverse minerals. The general climate of the country is hot and humid. But this varies from province to province.
The difference is due to the fact that the equator cuts across the entire Congolese territory. This climate produces dense vegetation and governs the agricultural activities of the Congolese population. 250 different ethnic groups inhabit the DRC. In the northern region, the population is comprised mostly of Sudanese. Some people along the eastern borders are Nilotic in origin and are primarily farmers. Nearly completely isolated within the tropical rainforest, the pygmies, considered to be the first inhabitants of the country, live essentially off of hunting and gathering. A portion of the population practices traditional religions while the majority is Christian. Islam is most common in the eastern region of the country.

The DRC possesses many mineral deposits containing copper, cobalt, silver, uranium, zinc, diamonds, gold, etc. The DRC, situated at the heart of Central Africa and crossed by the equator, stretches across 2,345,000 square kilometers. It is bordered:

To the west by the Atlantic Ocean, Cabinda Enclave, and the Republic of Congo
To the north by the Central African Republic and Soudan
To the east by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania
To the south by Zambia and Angola

Due to its size and location along the equator, the DRC has many climates. In the regions along the equator, a hot equatorial climate reigns all year long. The thermometer does not dip below 20°C. This climate zone corresponds approximately to the central basin, covered by the large tropical rainforest.

Around the perimeter of this basin however, nights are much colder. Frosty weather is not rare in the Katanga during the dry season. In the northeast and the southeast, regions with vast plateaus and mountains, the mountain climate is temperate and gradually lowers with increasing altitude.

Temperatures at different altitudes:
Within the basin 25 - 26°C (77°F - 78°F)
1,500m 18 - 20°C (4,921ft 64°F - 68°F)
2,000m 16 - 17°C (6,561ft 60°F - 62°F)
3,000m 11°C (9,842ft 52°F)
4,000m 6°C (13,123ft 43°F)
+4,000m 0°C (+13,123ft 32°F)

The touristic lake regions enjoy a Mediterranean climate all year round. Above an altitude of 4,000m, it snows and the mountains are covered with an ice cap. In this mountainous climate, it rains all year long, more so at the foot of the mountain than at the summit. As the climate is governed by rainfall and other local influences, we can find two seasons in DRC.

• The dry season – a cooler season, the sky is gray, the temperatures drop, and there is a characteristic lack of rain
• The wet season – summer season, the sky is blue, the plants and trees are invigorated, and the countryside is lush and green.

The DRC houses the largest rainforest in Africa. Dense, humid, dry, marshy, on mountains or plains, the rainforest covers around 145 million hectares of land. A genuine natural heritage of DRC, the rainforest makes up a mosaic of complex ecosystems. It is a primary source of energy, medicine, and materials for construction.

Rightly considered to be the second lung of the planet next to the Amazon, the two tropical rainforests are key elements in regulating the climate. These forests absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. The DRC is rich in numerous resources such as coltan, cassiterite, copper, cobalt, zinc, uranium, silver, diamonds, gold, petrol, gas, wood, coal, lead, iron, and magnesium.

The ecosystems in the DRC are rich and varied. The natural Congolese fauna is rich in diverse species, each one adapted to climate conditions and floral species. Certain species can be found in all of the environments. Nearly all large African animals live on reserves, this remarkable fauna includes many large and especially large species.

The rainforest is populated by gorillas, monkeys of all types (chimpanzees, bonobos…), wild boar, warthogs, potamocharis or hylocharis, wild cats, and ruminating animals such as red buffalo, rainforest antelopes, okapi, forest and swamp elephants, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, forest snakes and birds that are distinguished for their beauty in plumage and song. And like all hot climate countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo can count innumerable varieties of insects.

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Comments

MWAMINI's picture

salut esperance, merci pour

salut esperance, merci pour tout ce que vous nous faites connaitre concernant la beauté cachée de la RDC
c'est vraiment interessant,
courage et merci

Evelyne

Nashimwe Esperance's picture

merci beaucoups

merci beaucoups

ESPERANCE

Evjoy's picture

Bonjour et Merci!

Bonjour Esperance!

Merci d'avoir partagé cet article sur la diversité et la beauté de votre pays avec nous! Je ne me suis jamais rendue compte que le RDC est si diverse comme vous avez expliqué. Après avoir lu votre article, j'ai regardé quelques images du RDC sur l'internet. Quel beau pays! J'habite sur une île alors notre végétation ressemble beaucoup à votre pays. Mais malheureusement nous n'avons ni les animaux très grands ni l'espace pour les animaux très grands (sauf dans l'océan). Nous pouvons les voir seulement au zoo. Cela ne donne pas la même impression de les voir dans un cage au lieu de les voir libre dans leurs habitats naturelles. Un jour j'aimerais bien visiter votre beau pays pour voir toute la beauté et les animaux! Merci encore pour votre article!

Courage,
Evelyn

Evjoy's picture

Translation

Beauty of the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in central Africa. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Eastern plateaus and comprises the majority of the basin of the Congo River. The north of the country holds one of the largest tropical rainforests in the world. The east of the country is a mountainous domain full of hills, large lakes, and also volcanoes. The south and the center of the country, rich in tree-filled savannas, form a high plateau in diverse minerals. The general climate of the country is hot and humid. But this varies from province to province.
The difference is due to the fact that the equator cuts across the entire Congolese territory. This climate produces dense vegetation and governs the agricultural activities of the Congolese population. 250 different ethnic groups inhabit the DRC. In the northern region, the population is comprised mostly of Sudanese. Some people along the eastern borders are Nilotic in origin and are primarily farmers. Nearly completely isolated within the tropical rainforest, the pygmies, considered to be the first inhabitants of the country, live essentially off of hunting and gathering. A portion of the population practices traditional religions while the majority is Christian. Islam is most common in the eastern region of the country.

The DRC possesses many mineral deposits containing copper, cobalt, silver, uranium, zinc, diamonds, gold, etc. The DRC, situated at the heart of Central Africa and crossed by the equator, stretches across 2,345,000 square kilometers. It is bordered:

To the west by the Atlantic Ocean, Cabinda Enclave, and the Republic of Congo
To the north by the Central African Republic and Soudan
To the east by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania
To the south by Zambia and Angola

Due to its size and location along the equator, the DRC has many climates. In the regions along the equator, a hot equatorial climate reigns all year long. The thermometer does not dip below 20°C. This climate zone corresponds approximately to the central basin, covered by the large tropical rainforest.

Around the perimeter of this basin however, nights are much colder. Frosty weather is not rare in the Katanga during the dry season. In the northeast and the southeast, regions with vast plateaus and mountains, the mountain climate is temperate and gradually lowers with increasing altitude.

Temperatures at different altitudes:
Within the basin 25 - 26°C (77°F - 78°F)
1,500m 18 - 20°C (4,921ft 64°F - 68°F)
2,000m 16 - 17°C (6,561ft 60°F - 62°F)
3,000m 11°C (9,842ft 52°F)
4,000m 6°C (13,123ft 43°F)
+4,000m 0°C (+13,123ft 32°F)

The touristic lake regions enjoy a Mediterranean climate all year round. Above an altitude of 4,000m, it snows and the mountains are covered with an ice cap. In this mountainous climate, it rains all year long, more so at the foot of the mountain than at the summit. As the climate is governed by rainfall and other local influences, we can find two seasons in DRC.

• The dry season – a cooler season, the sky is gray, the temperatures drop, and there is a characteristic lack of rain
• The wet season – summer season, the sky is blue, the plants and trees are invigorated, and the countryside is lush and green.

The DRC houses the largest rainforest in Africa. Dense, humid, dry, marshy, on mountains or plains, the rainforest covers around 145 million hectares of land. A genuine natural heritage of DRC, the rainforest makes up a mosaic of complex ecosystems. It is a primary source of energy, medicine, and materials for construction.

Rightly considered to be the second lung of the planet next to the Amazon, the two tropical rainforests are key elements in regulating the climate. These forests absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. The DRC is rich in numerous resources such as coltan, cassiterite, copper, cobalt, zinc, uranium, silver, diamonds, gold, petrol, gas, wood, coal, lead, iron, and magnesium.

The ecosystems in the DRC are rich and varied. The natural Congolese fauna is rich in diverse species, each one adapted to climate conditions and floral species. Certain species can be found in all of the environments. Nearly all large African animals live on reserves, this remarkable fauna includes many large and especially large species.

The rainforest is populated by gorillas, monkeys of all types (chimpanzees, bonobos…), wild boar, warthogs, potamocharis or hylocharis, wild cats, and ruminating animals such as red buffalo, rainforest antelopes, okapi, forest and swamp elephants, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, forest snakes and birds that are distinguished for their beauty in plumage and song. And like all hot climate countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo can count innumerable varieties of insects.

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