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LUTTE CONTRE LE TABAGISME

Les premières mesures légales contre le tabac furent prises aux Ëtats-Unis: obligation d'imprimer un message d'avertissement sur chaque paquet de cigarettes (1964); interdiction de la publicité en faveur du tabac à la radio ou à la télévision (1971); création de section non-fumeurs dans les lieux publics et les lieux de travail, rendue obligatoire dans plusieurs villes et Ëtat (années 1970 et 1980); interdiction des sections fumeurs sur les vols aériens de moins de six heures (1990). Elles furent imitées, avec un certain retard, par la plupart des industrialisés. En France par exemple, la législation anti-tabac est définie par la loi Veil du 9 juillet 1976 et par la loi Ëvin du 10 janvier 1991, qui déterminent des restrictions à la consommation de tabac et encadrent l'activité publicitaire des sociétés vendant du tabac. Elles sont avant tout destinées à protéger les non-fumeurs du tabagisme passif et à dissuader les jeunes de commencer à fumer. Notons cependant que bien que nécessaires, les mesures légales ne suffisent pas pour mettre fin au tabagisme, il faut faire intervenir des mesures préventives axées sur les communautés. Cette communication doit tenir compte de tous les éléments aussi bien individuels que collectifs. Des études effectuées sur d'anciens fumeurs ont prouvé que le risque de mourir d'une maladie liée au tabagisme diminuait pour chaque année d'abstinence. Les campagnes d'information sur les méfaits du tabac ont eu des effets significatifs sur le nombre des fumeurs, qui a nettement diminué.

English translation by community member heidigjr

The United States took its first legal steps against tobacco: requiring companies to print a warning on every pack of cigarettes (1964); banning tobacco advertising on radio and television (1971); creating non-smoking spaces in public places and workplaces, which was made compulsory in several cities and states (1970s and 1980s); banning smoking sections on flights less than six hours (1990), etc. After some time, the majority of industrialized countries followed suit. For example, in France, anti-tobacco legislation comes in the form of the "loi Veil" of 9 July 1976 and the "loi Évin" of 10 January 1991, which restricts tobacco consumption and its advertising by tobacco-producing companies. All the above are intended to protect non-smokers from passive smoking and to discourage young people from smoking. However, no matter how necessary it is, legal measures are not sufficient to put an end to smoking. We need to intervene with community-focused preventive measures. This message must take into account of all factors as well as individuals in the community. Studies of former smokers have shown that the risk of dying from a smoking-related disease decrease for each year of abstinence. An information-based campaign on the harmful effects of tobacco have had a significant effect on the number of smokers, which has decreased significantly as a result.

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Comments

Kika Sylvie Katchunga's picture

Hello

Ton article et très intéressante.merci de partager avec nous sistre moza

sylvie

Ariane Moza Assumani's picture

grand merci

merci de nous avoir lu chaque jour nous te félicitons infiniment

arianemoza

heidigjr's picture

Merci

Merci de partager voter article, je le trouve très intéressante. Qu'est-ce que la culture du tabagisme à Bukavu (ou en RDC en général)? Est-ce que être normale (ou même être attendu) pour les adolescents ou les adultes à fumer??

heidigjr's picture

Translation

The United States took its first legal steps against tobacco: requiring companies to print a warning on every pack of cigarettes (1964); banning tobacco advertising on radio and television (1971); creating non-smoking spaces in public places and workplaces, which was made compulsory in several cities and states (1970s and 1980s); banning smoking sections on flights less than six hours (1990), etc. After some time, the majority of industrialized countries followed suit. For example, in France, anti-tobacco legislation comes in the form of the "loi Veil" of 9 July 1976 and the "loi Évin" of 10 January 1991, which restricts tobacco consumption and its advertising by tobacco-producing companies. All the above are intended to protect non-smokers from passive smoking and to discourage young people from smoking. However, no matter how necessary it is, legal measures are not sufficient to put an end to smoking. We need to intervene with community-focused preventive measures. This message must take into account of all factors as well as individuals in the community. Studies of former smokers have shown that the risk of dying from a smoking-related disease decrease for each year of abstinence. An information-based campaign on the harmful effects of tobacco have had a significant effect on the number of smokers, which has decreased significantly as a result.

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