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RDC ENVIRONNEMENT

Définition : L’environnement est l’ensemble des caractères physiques ; chimiques et biologiques ; dans d’autre terme nous pouvons définir l’environnement comme étant l’ensemble des systèmes naturels plus les systèmes sociaux.
_ Les systèmes naturels :
On distingue deux sortes d’environnement dans les systèmes naturels :
1° L’environnement physico- chimique ou le monde non vivant on l’appel encore biotope : ici on parle de Lithosphère dont les minerais ; L’hydrosphère dont les eaux et L’atmosphère ou l’aire .
2 ° L’environnement biologique ou le monde vivant on l’appel aussi biosphère : on parle des espèces végétales ou la faune ; les espèces animales ou la flore ; et viendra en suite
_ Les systèmes sociaux
C’est l’environnement social ou l’environnement humain.
Quant on parle des caractères environnementaux ; il faut voir les ressources naturelles.
Il ya deux sortes des ressources naturelles :
a : Les ressources renouvelables : sont des ressources qui peuvent se régénérer spontanément ; ex : la végétation ; les animaux et le sol .
b : Les ressources non renouvelables : sons des ressources dont la consommation entraine inévitablement l’ épuisement ; ex : le pétrole ; le gaz et autre.
Les questions environnementales et écologiques touchent notre communauté de la manière suivante :
Le concept environnement ne concerne pas seulement la nature et les animaux ; mais il faut voir aussi l’homme car ce lui qui est placé au centre de tout. Ce concept englobe l’homme ; sa culture et son économie.
La place de l’homme dans la dégradation des ressources est mis en évidence ainsi que son intervention dans la gestion des problèmes environnementaux. Nos communautés ce sont enrichies par l’utilisation non contrôlée des ressources naturelles ; et à présent nous constatons déjà que les ressources sont en voie de disparition .
Les problèmes de l’environnement touchent notre communauté de la manière suivante :
1 . De l’exploitation minière :
Les collines ; les vallées et les rivières du congo sont remplies des minerais mais la chose étonnante est que ces minerais ne profitent pas peuple congolais mais ils profitent au gouvernement et aux étrangers..
De quelle manière : il suffit de découvrir tel ou autre minerais dans un endroit ; le gouvernement signe de Protocol d’accord avec des entreprises d’exploitations ; les villageois sont délogés de leurs endroits respectifs à des endroits indésirables et dépourvus des champs au moment où le paysan vit des travaux des champs.
Quand à l’exploitation artisanale ; les paysans exploitent dans des petites carrières mais ils se heurtent à beaucoup des problèmes :
Pour avoir accès dans la carrière il faut avoir payé la carte de négocient équivalent à 220$ américains. A coté de cela ; il faut payer la taxe de 10$ américains chaque fin de la semaine ; les groupes armés ; les militaires ; et les autorités locales font des alternances dans les carrés miniers. Signalons que l’exploitation minière dénude le sol et le rend défavorable pour la production.
2. De l’exploitation forestière : N’il n’ignore qu’après l’Amazonie ; ce sont les forets du bassin du congo qui alimentent le monde en oxygène ; nous avons procédés par dire que nos communautés ce sont enrichies par l’utilisation prodigue des ressources naturelles ; et maintenant les espèces sont en voie de disparition. Je parle spécifiquement de la foret du parc national de kahuzi biega et ses proximités. C’est une entité qui contient la matière ligneuse et le jardin botanique nécessaire pour la médecine traditionnelle et la construction. Elle héberge aussi des espèces animales qui sont utile au tourisme ; ex : le gorille de montagne ; éléphant ; lion et autres. Dommage ; ces espèces n’évolues plus à cause de la destruction de la forêt.
Qui sont les destructeurs : les destructeurs sont les populations riveraines du parc ; qui ne détruisent pas pour détruire mais parce qu’elles ne savent pas l’utilité de la forêt. A coté de la population riveraine ce sont des militaires.
Quelles sortes de destruction : l’abatage des arbres sans repiquer d’autres; les feux de brousses ; la chasse des animaux et autres.
3. De la pollution des eaux et de l’aire :
Les déchets organiques des travaux industriels sont déversés dans les lacs et dans les rivières ; ces déchets polluent les eaux et entrainent la mort des poissons. Il ya aussi la non gestion des eaux usées industrielles ainsi que ménagères. Tous ceux-ci conduisent à l’émission de gaz à effet de serre ; la couche d’ozone est détruite ainsi ; et maintenant nous soufrons du changement climatique.
A part les trois problèmes environnementaux cités si haut ; il y a un problème sérieux celui des peuples autochtones (pygmées) qui ont été chassés dans le par cet qui restent à présent sans terre et sont concentrés dans des camps ; ils vivaient de la chasse ; de la cueillette des fruits et se soignaient des plantes médicinales ; à présent ils sont abandonnés à eux même.
Comme solutions à ces problèmes ; c’est de soutenir les initiatives des structures qui œuvrent dans le domaine de la protection de l’environnement dont nous faisons parti ; les outiller et les amener à prendre en charge les destructeurs de l’environnement pour parvenir à produire un environnement saint qui ne causera point de dommage à notre postérité.
En conclusion ; nous sommes dans l’obligation d’assurer la durabilité des nos ressources naturelles.

English translation by community member jmasa

RDC Environment

Definition: The environment is a set of physical, chemical and biological characteristics. In other words, we can define the environment as being a set of natural systems plus social systems.
_Natural systems:
We destinguish two sorts of environments in the natural systems:
1. The physical chemistry environment, or the non-living world, that we call biotope: here we speak about the ores and minerals of the lithosphere, the waters of the hydrosphere, and the air of the atmosphere.
2. The biological environment, or the living world, that we call the biosphere: here we speak about plant species (flora), and animal species (fauna).

_Social Systems:
It is the social environmen or the human environment.
When we speak of environmental characteristics, we have to look at natural resources.
There are two sorts of natural resources:
a: Renewable resources : resources that can regenerate themselves spontaneously, for example: vegetation. animals, and the soil.
b. Nonrenewable resources: resources of which the consumption inevitably leads to exhaustion, for example: oil and gas.
Environmental and ecological questions affect our community in the following manner:
The concept of environment does not only concern nature and animals, but also man, for he is placed at the center of all. This concept includes man's cuture and his economics.
The place of man in the degradation of resources is highlighted as well as his intervention in the management of environmental problems. Our communities are enriched by the use of uncontrolled natural resources, and at the present, we already observe that the resources are endangered.
The problems of the environment impact our community in the following manner:
1. Mining exploitation:
The hills, valleys, and rivers of the Congo are full of minerals but the surprising thing is that these minerals profit not the Congolese people, but the government and foreigners.
It is sufficient to discover minerals in a place. The government signs the Protocol of agreement with exploitative businesses. The villagers, many of whom work in fields for a living, are driven out of their respective places to indesirable places lacking fields.
As for traditional exploitation: the farmers run small businesses, but they run into many problems:
In order to have access to the quarry, one must pay for the card of negotiation, equivalent to $220 American dollars. Aside from that one must pay a tax of $10 American dollars at the end of each week. Armed groups, soldiers, and local authorities make changes in power in the mining quarries. Let us highlight that mining exploitation strips the soil and makes it unfavorable for production.
2. Forest exploitation: Similar to the Amazon, there are forests at the basin of the Congo that feed oxygen to the world. Our communities are enriched by the generous use of natrual resources, and now the species are endangered. I'm speaking particularly about the forest of Kahuzi-Biega National Park and its proximities. It is an entity that contains woody substances and botanical gardins necessary for traditional medicine and construction. It accomodates animal species which are useful for tourism, for example: the mountain gorillas, elephans, lions, and other animals. It is a pity these species no longer evolve because of the destruction of the forest.
Who the destroyers are: local population of the park, who don't destroy just to destroy, but because they don't know the utility of the forest. Asdie from the local population are the soldiers.
What sorts of destruction: the cutting down of trees without replanting others, bushfires, hunting animals, and others.
3. The pollution of water and of air:
Organic waste from industrial work is poured into lakes and rivers; this waste pollutes the waters and leads to the death of fish. There is also the non-management of used industrial waters as well as saved water. All of these lead to greenhouse gas emission. Thus the ozone layer is destroyed and now we suffer from climate change.
Aside from the three great cited environmental problems, there is a serious problem for the native peoples, the pygmies, who have been chased away. Those who remain at the present are without land, and are concentrated in camps. They lived by hunting, gathering fruits, and tending to medical plants; now they are left to themselves.
A solution to these problems is to support the initatives of structures who work in the domaine of environmental protection, to equip them and to lead them to take charge of the destroyers of the environment. With these efforts, we can work towards producing a pure environment which will not cause damage to our posterity.
In conclusion, we are obligated to assure the durability of our natural resources.

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Translation

RDC Environment
Definition: The environment is a set of physical, chemical and biological characteristics. In other words, we can define the environment as being a set of natural systems plus social systems.
_Natural systems:
We destinguish two sorts of environments in the natural systems:
1. The physical chemistry environment, or the non-living world, that we call biotope: here we speak about the ores and minerals of the lithosphere, the waters of the hydrosphere, and the air of the atmosphere.
2. The biological environment, or the living world, that we call the biosphere: here we speak about plant species (flora), and animal species (fauna).

_Social Systems:
It is the social environmen or the human environment.
When we speak of environmental characteristics, we have to look at natural resources.
There are two sorts of natural resources:
a: Renewable resources : resources that can regenerate themselves spontaneously, for example: vegetation. animals, and the soil.
b. Nonrenewable resources: resources of which the consumption inevitably leads to exhaustion, for example: oil and gas.
Environmental and ecological questions affect our community in the following manner:
The concept of environment does not only concern nature and animals, but also man, for he is placed at the center of all. This concept includes man's cuture and his economics.
The place of man in the degradation of resources is highlighted as well as his intervention in the management of environmental problems. Our communities are enriched by the use of uncontrolled natural resources, and at the present, we already observe that the resources are endangered.
The problems of the environment impact our community in the following manner:
1. Mining exploitation:
The hills, valleys, and rivers of the Congo are full of minerals but the surprising thing is that these minerals profit not the Congolese people, but the government and foreigners.
It is sufficient to discover minerals in a place. The government signs the Protocol of agreement with exploitative businesses. The villagers, many of whom work in fields for a living, are driven out of their respective places to indesirable places lacking fields.
As for traditional exploitation: the farmers run small businesses, but they run into many problems:
In order to have access to the quarry, one must pay for the card of negotiation, equivalent to $220 American dollars. Aside from that one must pay a tax of $10 American dollars at the end of each week. Armed groups, soldiers, and local authorities make changes in power in the mining quarries. Let us highlight that mining exploitation strips the soil and makes it unfavorable for production.
2. Forest exploitation: Similar to the Amazon, there are forests at the basin of the Congo that feed oxygen to the world. Our communities are enriched by the generous use of natrual resources, and now the species are endangered. I'm speaking particularly about the forest of Kahuzi-Biega National Park and its proximities. It is an entity that contains woody substances and botanical gardins necessary for traditional medicine and construction. It accomodates animal species which are useful for tourism, for example: the mountain gorillas, elephans, lions, and other animals. It is a pity these species no longer evolve because of the destruction of the forest.
Who the destroyers are: local population of the park, who don't destroy just to destroy, but because they don't know the utility of the forest. Asdie from the local population are the soldiers.
What sorts of destruction: the cutting down of trees without replanting others, bushfires, hunting animals, and others.
3. The pollution of water and of air:
Organic waste from industrial work is poured into lakes and rivers; this waste pollutes the waters and leads to the death of fish. There is also the non-management of used industrial waters as well as saved water. All of these lead to greenhouse gas emission. Thus the ozone layer is destroyed and now we suffer from climate change.
Aside from the three great cited environmental problems, there is a serious problem for the native peoples, the pygmies, who have been chased away. Those who remain at the present are without land, and are concentrated in camps. They lived by hunting, gathering fruits, and tending to medical plants; now they are left to themselves.
A solution to these problems is to support the initatives of structures who work in the domaine of environmental protection, to equip them and to lead them to take charge of the destroyers of the environment. With these efforts, we can work towards producing a pure environment which will not cause damage to our posterity.
In conclusion, we are obligated to assure the durability of our natural resources.

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