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COMMENT LUTTER CONTRE L'EPIDEMIE DE CHOLERA EN PROVINCE DU GRAND KIVU

I INTRODUCTION

Depuis quelque temps, l'épidémie de cholera était signalé dans certaines provinces de la République Démocratique du Congo. Cette situation venait de toucher notamment la Province Orientale, le Bas-Congo, la Province de l'Equateure, celle du Katanga, etc...

Présentemment, cette réalité dramatique sévit en Province du Sud-Kivu, il y a de cela quelques semaines, plusieurs cas venait d^'être signalés dans plusieurs localités, mais aussi dans certains quartiers de la ville de Bukavu y compris certaines périphéries.
Des statistiques recueillis auprès de l'hôpital général de référence de Bukavu ont démontré combien il est impérieux que toutes les forces se mobilisent en vue de combattre ce fléau.
Nous avions suivi à cet effet les déclarations de l'autorité provinciale, par rapport à la présence de ce fléau dans notre province.
Avant cela, les représentants de l'Inspection provinciale de la Santé avaient déjà confirmé l'existence de cette épidémie.

II. LES CAUSES PROBABLES DE L'EPIDEMIE

- Absence et rareté de l'eau potable dans certains quartiers, localités, avenues, etc...
- La consommation de l'eau polluée par la population
- Le non respect des règles d'hygiène,
- La multiplicité des dépotoirs d'immondices et déchets non et bio-dégradables.
- La présence des eaux usées et celles provenant des fosses septiques,
- Absence des latrines publiques,
- Présence des excrétas, y compris l'utilisation des latrines communes entre plusieurs familles
- Mauvaise hygiène alimentaire (consommation des aliments avariés)
- Mauvaise préparation des aliments,
- Consommation de l'eau polluée, non traitée
- Consommation des denrées alimentaires impropres, non lavéées (ex; les crudités, les prêts à consommer...Viandes, poisssons avariés.

III. PERSONNES VULNERABLES

-Les hommes, les femmes, les jeunes, les vieillards les enfans, les administrés y compris les autorités.
N.B Tout le monde peut être contaminé par cette épidémie S'il ne respecte pas les règles élementaires d'hygiène.

III. MESURES DE LUTTE

En vue de combattre cette épidémie, il est ultime d'appliquer certains principes et code de bonne conduite, notamment :

- Procéder au lavage hygiénique des mains avec du savon après avoir été à selle ou après avoir salué les autres, et surtout avant et après avoir mangé.
- Laver soigneuseùent les fruits et autres crudités avant de les consommer,
- Traiter ou bouillir l'eau de boisson ou la désinfecter au moyen d'un produit désinfectant.
-Bien conserver l'eau de boisson, couvrir la nourriture, la préparer sérieusement,
-Evacuer régulièrement les montagnes des déchets et d'immondices, et ce, d'une manière salubre. Ne pas jetter les déchets d'une manière désordonnée.
-Bien conserver les aliments,
-Utiliser des latrines propres, etc....

NB : La liste n'est pas exhaustive.
En respectant ces quelques conseils, on est épargné de contracter cette épidémie.

Emission radiodiffusée à la Radio MARIA, production de Madame MADELEINE BWENGE, Coordinatrice de l'ASBL "ACTION POUR L'EDUCATION ENVIRONNEMENTALE AU KIVU"

English translation by community member ClairePoyser

HOW TO FIGHT THE CHOLERA EPIDEMIC IN THE GRAND KIVU PROVINCE

I. INTRODUCTION
For a long time, the cholera epidemic has been reported in certain provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Notably, this situation is affecting the Oriental Province, Lower Congo, the Equatorial Province and Katanga.

Presently, this dramatic reality prevails in the Province of South Kivu. For several weeks, many cases have been reported in many different locations, but also in the town of Bukavu and in some of the suburbs. Statistics collected from the general hospital of Bukavu demonstrate that it is imperative that all forces are mobilized to combat this scourge. For this reason, we have followed all declarations issued by the Provincial Authority regarding the presence of this scourge in our province. Before that, the Provincial Health Inspectors had already confirmed the existence of this epidemic.

II. THE PROBABLE CAUSES OF THE EPIDEMIC
- Absence and rarity of drinkable water in certain neighbourhoods, suburbs and streets.
- The consuming of polluted water by the population
- People not following the rules of hygiene
- The multiple dumps of garbage which are not biodegradable
- The presence of sewage and water from septic tanks
- The absence of public toilets
- The presence of excretions, including the sharing of communal latrines between several families
- Lack of hygiene regarding food preparation and the consuming of spoiled food
- Poor food preparation
- Consuming polluted and untreated water
- Consuming unwashed food unfit to be eaten: raw vegetables and damaged meats and fish.

III. THOSE VULNERABLE TO CHOLERA
- Men, women, young people, the elderly, children, including the authorities. N.B: anyone can be affected by this epidemic if they do not respect basic principles of hygiene.

IIII. MEASURES TO BE TAKEN
In order to combat this epidemic, it is necessary to apply certain principles and a Code of Conduct, notably:
- Wash hands with soap after going to the toilet or greeting others, and especially before and after eating.
- Carefully wash fruits and raw vegetables before consuming them
- Treat or boil drinking water, or use a disinfectant to disinfect it.
- Carefully store drinking water, cover food and prepare it carefully
- Regularly clean up mountains of waste and filth in a safe manner. Do not throw away waste in a haphazard manner.
- Conserve food well
- Use clean toilets

NB: The list is not exhaustive. By following these tips, you may be spared from contracting this disease.

The text above formed part of a radio program on Radio MARIA, a production of Mrs Madeleine Bwenge, Co-ordinator of ABSL ‘Action for Environmental Education in Kivu.’

Comments

ClairePoyser's picture

Chere Madeleine, merci de

Chere Madeleine, merci de nous avoir donne un apercu de l’epidemie de cholera au Grand Kivu. J’etais ravie de voir que le texte faisait partie d’une emission radiodiffusee, permettant d’informer beaucoup de gens. Est-ce qu’il y a des programs qui ont lieu dans les ecoles pour sensibiliser les enfants? Claire

MADELEINE BWENGE's picture

AVEC TOUS MES REMERCIEMENTS

Avec tous mes remerciements pour avoir exploité cet article se rapportant à quelques astuses éviter l'épidémie de cholera dans la province du grand Kivu. Comme vous l'aviez observé, c'est aussi un article que j'avais produit au cours de mes émissions de sensibiisations à nos radios locales. Toutefois, nous planifions aussi des descentes de sensibilisation dans des écoles en vue d'apprendre à la jeunisse ou aux enfants comment s'impliquer dans la protection de leur environnement. Toutefois, nous nous heurtons à de nombreux défis, liés surtout au manque d'appuis pour exécuter nos micro-projets dans ce domaine.

MADELEINE

ClairePoyser's picture

Translation

HOW TO FIGHT THE CHOLERA EPIDEMIC IN THE GRAND KIVU PROVINCE

I. INTRODUCTION
For a long time, the cholera epidemic has been reported in certain provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Notably, this situation is affecting the Oriental Province, Lower Congo, the Equatorial Province and Katanga.

Presently, this dramatic reality prevails in the Province of South Kivu. For several weeks, many cases have been reported in many different locations, but also in the town of Bukavu and in some of the suburbs. Statistics collected from the general hospital of Bukavu demonstrate that it is imperative that all forces are mobilized to combat this scourge. For this reason, we have followed all declarations issued by the Provincial Authority regarding the presence of this scourge in our province. Before that, the Provincial Health Inspectors had already confirmed the existence of this epidemic.

II. THE PROBABLE CAUSES OF THE EPIDEMIC
- Absence and rarity of drinkable water in certain neighbourhoods, suburbs and streets.
- The consuming of polluted water by the population
- People not following the rules of hygiene
- The multiple dumps of garbage which are not biodegradable
- The presence of sewage and water from septic tanks
- The absence of public toilets
- The presence of excretions, including the sharing of communal latrines between several families
- Lack of hygiene regarding food preparation and the consuming of spoiled food
- Poor food preparation
- Consuming polluted and untreated water
- Consuming unwashed food unfit to be eaten: raw vegetables and damaged meats and fish.
III. THOSE VULNERABLE TO CHOLERA
- Men, women, young people, the elderly, children, including the authorities. N.B: anyone can be affected by this epidemic if they do not respect basic principles of hygiene.
IIII. MEASURES TO BE TAKEN
In order to combat this epidemic, it is necessary to apply certain principles and a Code of Conduct, notably:
- Wash hands with soap after going to the toilet or greeting others, and especially before and after eating.
- Carefully wash fruits and raw vegetables before consuming them
- Treat or boil drinking water, or use a disinfectant to disinfect it.
- Carefully store drinking water, cover food and prepare it carefully
- Regularly clean up mountains of waste and filth in a safe manner. Do not throw away waste in a haphazard manner.
- Conserve food well
- Use clean toilets
NB: The list is not exhaustive. By following these tips, you may be spared from contracting this disease.
The text above formed part of a radio program on Radio MARIA, a production of Mrs Madeleine Bwenge, Co-ordinator of ABSL ‘Action for Environmental Education in Kivu.’

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