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KES DROIT DES JEUNES FILLES VIOLES PAR LEURS PARENTS

Les parents décident de marier leurs très jeunes filles pour un certain nombre de raisons
• Certaines familles pauvres considèrent une fille jeune comme un fardeau économique et son mariage comme un indispensable moyen de survie pour la famille.
• Ces familles peuvent penser que le mariage de leur fille-enfant la protège contre les dangers de la violence sexuelle. Elles la confient ainsi aux bons soins d'un protecteur de sexe masculin.
• Le mariage précoce peut aussi être envisagé comme un moyen d'éviter aux filles de tomber enceintes en dehors du mariage.
• Le mariage précoce est également considéré comme une stratégie économique pour la famille.

• Le mariage d'enfants peut également être inspiré par une certaine discrimination sexuelle. On marie les filles de bonne heure pour s'assurer de leur docilité au sein de la famille de leur mari et maximiser le nombre de leurs grossesses.
Certaines sont contraintes à ces unions, d’autres sont simplement trop jeunes pour prendre une décision en connaissance de cause. Le consentement est alors donné par une autre personne au nom de l’enfant. L’enfant n’a pas la possibilité d’exercer un quelconque droit. Pour cette raison, les mariages précoces peuvent être également appelés mariages forcés.

Il est difficile de connaître le nombre exact de mariages précoces car il y en a beaucoup qui ne sont ni officiels ni enregistrés. Ceci étant dit, les statistiques sont disponibles pour 70 pays et montrent que :
Le mariage précoce a des conséquences tout à fait préjudiciables pour ces enfants, parmi lesquelles :
• Le refus d'accès à l'éducation : une fois mariées, ces filles ne vont généralement pas à l'école.
• Des problèmes de santé : il s'agit notamment de grossesses prématurées, qui contribuent à des taux de mortalité maternelle et infantile élevés. Par ailleurs, les adolescentes sont plus vulnérables aux infections sexuellement transmissibles, y compris le VIH/SIDA.
• La maltraitance : elle est fréquente dans les mariages d'enfants. En outre, il arrive souvent que les enfants qui refusent de se marier ou qui choisissent leur futur conjoint contre la volonté de leurs parents soient punis, voire deviennent les victimes de « crimes d'honneur » commis par leur famille. De nombreuses adolescentes, contraintes à des mariages précoces, sont victimes de violences domestiques prolongées. De plus, les mariages précoces sont souvent suivis de l’abandon des épouses. Ceci plonge les jeunes filles dans une extrême pauvreté et accroît le risque de les voir basculer dans la prostitution

English translation by community member amys

The rights of girls raped by their parents

There are a several reasons why parents may decide to marry off their very young daughters.
- Some poor families consider girls to be an economic burden, and their marriage is seen as an essential means of survival for the family.
- These families may think that, by entrusting their daughter to a male protector, marriage will protect her from the dangers of sexual violence.
- Child marriage can also be seen as a way of avoiding pregnancy outside of marriage.
- Child marriage is often considered as an economic strategy for the family.
- Child marriage can also be motivated by a certain amount of sexual discrimination. Girls are married early to ensure that they are docile within the husband’s family, and to maximise the number of pregnancies. Some are coerced into these unions, others are simply too young to make an informed decision, in which case consent is given by another person in the child’s name. The child is unable to exercise any kind of right. For this reason, child marriages can equally be called forced marriages.

It is difficult to know the exact number of child marriages, because many are unofficial and unregistered. That said, statistics are available for 70 countries, and they show that child marriage has very harmful effects on children, including:
- The denial of access to education: once married, these girls do not generally attend school.
- Health problems: particularly early pregnancies, which contribute to high maternal and infant mortality rates. Furthermore, adolescents are more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.
- Abuse: this is frequent in child marriages. Moreover, often if a child refuses a marriage, or goes against their parents’ wishes when choosing a spouse, they will be punished or even become the victim of honour crimes committed by their family. Many adolescents who are forced into child marriages are victims of prolonged domestic violence. On top of this, child brides are often abandoned soon after the wedding. This throws young girls into extreme poverty and increases their risk of falling into prostitution.

Comments

amys's picture

Translation

The rights of girls raped by their parents

There are a several reasons why parents may decide to marry off their very young daughters.
- Some poor families consider girls to be an economic burden, and their marriage is seen as an essential means of survival for the family.
- These families may think that, by entrusting their daughter to a male protector, marriage will protect her from the dangers of sexual violence.
- Child marriage can also be seen as a way of avoiding pregnancy outside of marriage.
- Child marriage is often considered as an economic strategy for the family.
- Child marriage can also be motivated by a certain amount of sexual discrimination. Girls are married early to ensure that they are docile within the husband’s family, and to maximise the number of pregnancies. Some are coerced into these unions, others are simply too young to make an informed decision, in which case consent is given by another person in the child’s name. The child is unable to exercise any kind of right. For this reason, child marriages can equally be called forced marriages.

It is difficult to know the exact number of child marriages, because many are unofficial and unregistered. That said, statistics are available for 70 countries, and they show that child marriage has very harmful effects on children, including:
- The denial of access to education: once married, these girls do not generally attend school.
- Health problems: particularly early pregnancies, which contribute to high maternal and infant mortality rates. Furthermore, adolescents are more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.
- Abuse: this is frequent in child marriages. Moreover, often if a child refuses a marriage, or goes against their parents’ wishes when choosing a spouse, they will be punished or even become the victim of honour crimes committed by their family. Many adolescents who are forced into child marriages are victims of prolonged domestic violence. On top of this, child brides are often abandoned soon after the wedding. This throws young girls into extreme poverty and increases their risk of falling into prostitution.

BUHENDWA NEEMA's picture

bonjour!!

merci,pour la traduction

neema

amys's picture

Merci Neema pour cet article

Merci Neema pour cet article très informatif. Le mariage précoce est un véritable fléau dans le monde, même parfois dans des pays qui l’ont prohibé. En Grand Bretagne pour exemple, certains familles qui ont de la famille dans des autres pays envoient leurs filles à ce pays pour se marier. Normalement la fille ne sait pas pourquoi elle va – elle pense qu’elle va en vacances. Mais ce phénomène est un obstacle majeur à l’égalité pour les femmes. C’est une forme de violence.

BUHENDWA NEEMA's picture

bonjour!!

heureuse de voir votre commentaire,il est vrai que partout dans le monde ce type de violence est praticable,ici chez nous en rd congo,on a tendance a l'appelé mariage par commission.la chez vous c'est comment on le nommé?
merci!!!!
luttons ensemble pour les droit des filles

neema

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