Community Update

World Pulse Toolkits Available!

At World Pulse, we recognize the need for ongoing learning—for you and for your community! Our toolkits are all available here.

We are especially excited to share our signature Citizen Journalism and Digital Empowerment Curriculum. Start learning today!

HISTORIQUE DU TABAGISME

C’est en explorant l’Amérique que les Européens découvrirent que les Indiens fumaient des pipes des feuilles de tabac. Cette pratique fut introduite en Europe au milieu du XVIè siècle. Ä l’époque, le tabac était le plus souvent prisé ou fumé en cigare. Au début du XXème siècle, les choses avaient bien changé puisque les fumeurs consommaient plus de mille cigarettes par personne et par an. On considérait alors que le tabagisme était un bon moyen de se détendre et ne comportait aucun risque. Les cigarettes faisaient même partie des rations militaires, avec l’approbation du corps médical. Les épidémiologistes constatèrent pourtant que l’incidence du cancer du poumon, qui était rarissime avant le xxè siècle, avait connu une hausse spectaculaire à partir des années 1930. Un certain nombre d’études furent entreprises, afin de comparer la mortalité des fumeurs à celle des non-fumeurs sur plusieurs années. Elles ont toutes montré que la mortalité de nombreuses expériences sur les animaux a mis en évidence le caractère carcinogène de plusieurs des composants chimiques de la fumée de cigarette. En 1962, le gouvernement américain a chargé un groupe de dix experts d’étudier les données scientifiques existantes. Leurs conclusions, publiées en 1964 dans un rapport du ministère de la santé, établissaient que le tabagisme était dangereux et constituait un grave problème de santé publique. Merci et vos réactions pour la continuité de notre recherche

English translation by community member kalexander

The History of Smoking

While exploring America, Europeans discovered that Native Americans smoked pipes filled with tobacco leaves. This practice was introduced in Europe in the middle of the 16th century. At that time, tobacco was most commonly smoked in the form of cigars. In the beginning of the 20th century, things changed so that smokers consumed, on average, over 1000 cigarettes per person per year. Then it was believed that smoking was a good way to relax and carried no risk. Cigarettes were even part of military rations, with the approval of the medical corps. Epidemiologists then noticed that the rate of lung cancer, which had been rare before the 20th century, had risen dramatically since the 1930s. A number of studies were done to compare the mortality of smokers with the mortality of non-smokers over several years. All of these studies found that the deaths, in a number of animal experiments, demonstrated the carcinogenic nature of many of the chemicals in cigarette smoke. In 1962, the U.S. government formed a group of ten experts to review the existing scientific data. Their findings, published in a 1964 report from the Ministry of Health, established that smoking is dangerous and constitutes a grave problem of public health.

Thank you, and your reactions will continue our research.

Comments

kalexander's picture

Translation

The History of Smoking

While exploring America, Europeans discovered that Native Americans smoked pipes filled with tobacco leaves. This practice was introduced in Europe in the middle of the 16th century. At that time, tobacco was most commonly smoked in the form of cigars. In the beginning of the 20th century, things changed so that smokers consumed, on average, over 1000 cigarettes per person per year. Then it was believed that smoking was a good way to relax and carried no risk. Cigarettes were even part of military rations, with the approval of the medical corps. Epidemiologists then noticed that the rate of lung cancer, which had been rare before the 20th century, had risen dramatically since the 1930s. A number of studies were done to compare the mortality of smokers with the mortality of non-smokers over several years. All of these studies found that the deaths, in a number of animal experiments, demonstrated the carcinogenic nature of many of the chemicals in cigarette smoke. In 1962, the U.S. government formed a group of ten experts to review the existing scientific data. Their findings, published in a 1964 report from the Ministry of Health, established that smoking is dangerous and constitutes a grave problem of public health.

Thank you, and your reactions will continue our research.

Kate Alexander
"There is nothing more rare - nor more beautiful - that a woman being unapologetically herself."- Steve Maraboli

Merci pour votre courage car votre façon de traduire est très forte du français en anglais et donc continuons pour ces violences basées sur le genre.

arianemoza

Votre analyse de l'histoire du tabagisme est très claire et intéressante. J'aime les histoires spécifiques que vous utilisez, en particulier que les cigarettes étaient une partie de rations militaires. Étant donné ce que nous savons maintenant sur le tabagisme, qui fait de la folie. J’aimerai en savoir plus sur votre avis et histoire personelle. Est le tabagisme commun dans votre communauté?

Kate Alexander
"There is nothing more rare - nor more beautiful - that a woman being unapologetically herself."- Steve Maraboli

Ariane Moza Assumani's picture

Merci aussi pour votre

Merci aussi pour votre courage de nous lire chaque fois, et de nous apporté d'autres idées sur nos articles postés du jour le jour; la réponse a votre question est que le tabagisme est aussi commun dans notre communauté comme partout dans le monde. Enconr une fois merci et a bientôt en ligne.

arianemoza

Magazine »

Read global coverage through women's eyes

PHOTO ESSAY: The Dreams in Their Eyes

PHOTO ESSAY: The Dreams in Their Eyes

Community »

Connect with women on the ground worldwide

On Women's Agency in Southern Africa

On Women's Agency in Southern Africa

Campaigns »

Be heard at influential forums

WWW: Women Weave the Web

WWW: Women Weave the Web

Programs »

Help us train women citizen journalists

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

Blog »

Read the latest from World Pulse headquarters

Welcome, Women in the World!

Welcome, Women in the World!

Partners »

Join forces with our wide network of partners

Nobel Women's Initiative

Nobel Women's Initiative