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LES VIOLENCES A DOMICILE

Violence à domicile
Consiste à violer les droits d'une personne vulnérable dans une maison,famille. Il ya beaucoup des sortes des violence à domicile. on peut distinguer :
1°la violence financière
2°la violence sexuelle
3°la violence basée sur le genre
L
La violence financière est surtout observée chez les filles de l' Afrique centrale pendant la cérémonie d'h"ritage.Celles-ci ne bénéficient pas facilement des richesses de leurs parents car dans les coutumes et moeurs de beaoucoup de tributs Congolaises ,les filles sont considerées comme des marchandises;des personnes à vendre par le biais du mariage.De ce fait elles sont privées de droit d'héritage et de possession des biens.Tout attribué au garçon qui,selon les lois de la coutume a le droit de gerer les biens:c'est-à-dire:les vaches,les chèvres,les camps,...y compris la famme.
a) Exemples chez nous les banyamulenge(tribut de l'Est de la R D Congo,au Sud-Kivu) la fille n'a pas droit à l' héritage des richesses des parents. Quand les parenst meurent , la famille se réunit pour confier au garçon tous les biens quel que soit son âge,et la fille est considerée comme un bien parmi tan d'autres. C'est une pratique qui dégrade la fille.

b) La violence sexuelle :
ici chez nous au Congo la violence sexuelle faite aux femmes existe dans beaucoup de ménages. Dans cerains ménages riches on prend les filles démunies comme doméstiques.Et très souvent,ces filles passent pour des jouets sexuels ,soit du papa ou bien des grands garçons de la famille où elles travaillent.On les violle sexuellement et on les oblige de ne rien dire aux risques de perdre du boulot.
c) La violence basée sur le genre :
Dans beaucoup de ménages congolais on divise les travaux ménagers entre les garçons les filles.
Le principe de notre coutume dit que les garçons sont des enfants mais les filles sont des vaches parce qu'à leurs mariages on donne les vaches comme dot. Ceci se passe notre coutume des Banyamulenge.Nombreux cas de violences ont comme causes principales:
• la culture rétrograde
• la pauvreté de la femme
• L'Ignorance de droits de la femme
Solutions:
1) Nous pensons que la vulgarisation des lois et conventions internationales relatives aux droits de l'homme en générale et de la femme en particulier serait prioritaire.
2)Former les femmes sur leur droit dans le but de les rendre capables de lutter elles-mêmes contre toutes les formes de violences faites en leur égard.
3)Crée des activités généices de revenu pour les femmes ,filles victimes

English translation by community member Zhuyun Maggie Xiao

Violence at home

Domestic violence consists in violating the rights of a vulnerable person in a family home. There are many such kinds of violence at home. It can be distinguished as:
1. Financial abuse
2. Sexual violence
3. Violence based on gender
Financial abuse is mostly seen in girls of Central Africa during the ceremony of heritage. They do not easily benefit from the wealth of their parent because according to the customs and manners of many Congolese tributes, girls are considered as merchandises, persons to sell through marriage. Therefore, they are deprived of the right to inherit and the ownership of goods: that is to say, cows, goats, camps… including women.
a) Examples from Banyamulenge (Tribute located in the east of DRV, in South Kivu)
Girl has no right to inherit the wealth of her parents. When the parents passed away, the family member gather together to entrust everything to the boy, no matter his age, and the girl is considered as a good among many others. It is a practice that degrades the girl.
b) Sexual abuse:
Here in Congo, sexual violence against women exists in many households. In certain rich households, impoverished girls are taken as servants. And very often, these girls are treated as sexual toys, either for dad, or as good of big boys of the family where they worked. They are violated sexually and they are forced to say nothing; otherwise, they are at risk of losing job.
c) gender-based violence:
In many Congolese households, housework are divided between boys and girls.
The principle of our custom says that boys are children but girls are cows since in marriages, cows are passed on as dowry. This happens in our Banyamulenge custom. Many cases of violence have the major causes:
• Retrograde culture
• Poverty of women
• Ignorance of Women's Rights
Solutions:
1) We believe that the popularization of international laws and conventions on human rights in general and women in particular would be a priority will be the priority.
2) Inform women of their rights in order to enable them to fight for themselves against all forms of violence towards them.
3) Create general activities with income for women and girl victims.

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Comments

Ariane Moza Assumani's picture

NOS FELICITATIONS

Bien écrit ma soeur, ce que vous dite est vrais mais si possible de revoir votre piste de solutions en les augmentants ça peut nous aider d'avantage. Merci

arianemoza

muhorakeye's picture

merci Moza une seul solution

merci Moza une seul solution de cette violence domestique est que nos voix des filles et des femmes congolaise soit entendu par notre gouvernement

Muhorakeye Esperance

PRINCESSE MULUZINYERE's picture

merci

très bien ma chère d'avoir partagé cette article interressant sur notre plaque forme ! luttons et revendiquons nos droits ;

Princesse

muhorakeye's picture

merci ma sœur revendique nos

merci ma sœur revendique nos droits c'est une meilleure solution des nos problemes

Muhorakeye Esperance

Zhuyun Maggie Xiao's picture

Translation

Violence at home
Domestic violence consists in violating the rights of a vulnerable person in a family home. There are many such kinds of violence at home. It can be distinguished as:
1. Financial abuse
2. Sexual violence
3. Violence based on gender
Financial abuse is mostly seen in girls of Central Africa during the ceremony of heritage. They do not easily benefit from the wealth of their parent because according to the customs and manners of many Congolese tributes, girls are considered as merchandises, persons to sell through marriage. Therefore, they are deprived of the right to inherit and the ownership of goods: that is to say, cows, goats, camps… including women.
a) Examples from Banyamulenge (Tribute located in the east of DRV, in South Kivu)
Girl has no right to inherit the wealth of her parents. When the parents passed away, the family member gather together to entrust everything to the boy, no matter his age, and the girl is considered as a good among many others. It is a practice that degrades the girl.
b) Sexual abuse:
Here in Congo, sexual violence against women exists in many households. In certain rich households, impoverished girls are taken as servants. And very often, these girls are treated as sexual toys, either for dad, or as good of big boys of the family where they worked. They are violated sexually and they are forced to say nothing; otherwise, they are at risk of losing job.
c) gender-based violence:
In many Congolese households, housework are divided between boys and girls.
The principle of our custom says that boys are children but girls are cows since in marriages, cows are passed on as dowry. This happens in our Banyamulenge custom. Many cases of violence have the major causes:
• Retrograde culture
• Poverty of women
• Ignorance of Women's Rights
Solutions:
1) We believe that the popularization of international laws and conventions on human rights in general and women in particular would be a priority will be the priority.
2) Inform women of their rights in order to enable them to fight for themselves against all forms of violence towards them.
3) Create general activities with income for women and girl victims.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

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