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LUTTE CONTRE L'ALCOOLISME

Il a été démontré récemment qu’une consommation même modérée d’alcool au cours de la grossesse peut provoquer de graves lésions physiques ou mentales chez l’enfant, la lésion la plus grave étant le syndrome d’alcoolisme fœtal. Il porte essentiellement sur l’alcoolisme lui-même et non sur ses causes sous-jacentes. Le nombre des services spécialisés pour le traitement de l’alcoolisme est en constante augmentation dans les hôpitaux psychiatriques. Les campagnes de sensibilisation auprès des populations ont rendu le sujet moins tabou et donc les possibilités de traitement plus efficaces car plus précoces. On enregistre ainsi des taux de guérison encourageants. A côté de la prise en charge des lésions physiques et des états de manque, le traitement comporte des conseils individuels et des thérapies de groupe permettant une désintoxication total, aussi bien vis-à-vis de l’alcool que de la consommation d’autres drogues. En effet, l’attirance pour les médicaments psychotropes (essentiellement les anxiolytiques) est un risque majeur pour les alcooliques. Les médicaments ayant un effet antabuse, produisent une très forte intolérance à l’alcool aussi longtemps qu’ils sont présents dans l’organisme et sont parfois utilisés après l’état de manque. Une association qui soutient ceux qui veulent se désintoxiquer, les Alcooliques anonymes, peut aider les alcooliques à guérir dans de nombreux cas sans avoir formellement recours à un traitement. En dépit de ces dispositions encourageantes, l’estimation du nombre annuel des décès provoqués par l’alcoolisme ne cesse d’augmenter dans le monde. Le plan d’action européen contre l’alcool lancé par l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) devrait tenter de réduire la consommation de 25personnes sur 100 entre 1980 et 2000. Vos remarques et avis mais aussi vos commentaires sont nécessaire pour l’enrichissement des nos recherches.

English translation by community member Zhuyun Maggie Xiao

Fight against Alcoholism

It has been shown recently that even moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause severe physical or mental injuries in children, the most serious damage being fetal alcohol syndrome injury. It focuses on the alcohol itself, not its underlying causes. The number of specialized in the treatment of alcoholism services is steadily increasing in psychiatric hospitals. Awareness campaigns among the population have made the topic less taboo and therefore more effective treatment options for earlier. Thus records cure rates encouraging. Beside the management of physical injuries and cravings, alcohol treatment involves individual counseling and group therapy for a total detoxification, both vis-à-vis that of other consumer drugs. Indeed, the attraction for psychotropic drugs (mainly anxiolytics) is a major risk for alcoholics. Drugs with an antabuse effect, produce a very strong intolerance of alcohol as long as they are presented in the body and are sometimes used after the withdrawal. An association which supports those who want to detoxify, Alcoholics Anonymous, may help alcoholics recover in many cases without the need for a formal treatment. Despite these positive provisions, the estimated annual number of deaths caused by alcohol abuse is increasing worldwide. The European action plan against alcohol launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) should try to reduce the consumption of 25 persons among 100 between 1980 and 2000. Your comments and opinions, but also your comments are necessary for enriching our research.

Comments

Zhuyun Maggie Xiao's picture

Translation

Fight against Alcoholism

It has been shown recently that even moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause severe physical or mental injuries in children, the most serious damage being fetal alcohol syndrome injury. It focuses on the alcohol itself, not its underlying causes. The number of specialized in the treatment of alcoholism services is steadily increasing in psychiatric hospitals. Awareness campaigns among the population have made the topic less taboo and therefore more effective treatment options for earlier. Thus records cure rates encouraging. Beside the management of physical injuries and cravings, alcohol treatment involves individual counseling and group therapy for a total detoxification, both vis-à-vis that of other consumer drugs. Indeed, the attraction for psychotropic drugs (mainly anxiolytics) is a major risk for alcoholics. Drugs with an antabuse effect, produce a very strong intolerance of alcohol as long as they are presented in the body and are sometimes used after the withdrawal. An association which supports those who want to detoxify, Alcoholics Anonymous, may help alcoholics recover in many cases without the need for a formal treatment. Despite these positive provisions, the estimated annual number of deaths caused by alcohol abuse is increasing worldwide. The European action plan against alcohol launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) should try to reduce the consumption of 25 persons among 100 between 1980 and 2000. Your comments and opinions, but also your comments are necessary for enriching our research.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

Zhuyun Maggie Xiao's picture

merci

D'accord. Cet article est bien ecrit. L'alcoolisme est répandu partout dans le monde et il est nécessaire de prendre des mesures contre le problème serieux.

Maggie Xiao
Student at Bryn Mawr College, PA, USA

Merci pour votre courage de nous lire chaque jour comme notre article le montre bien l'alcool est un problème dans la société car ça déséquilibre la situation familiale ainsi du pays

arianemoza

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