Community Update

Digital Empowerment Toolkit Now Available!

At World Pulse, we recognize the need for ongoing learning—for you and for your community! Our toolkits aim to provide the resources you need to advance your social change work.

We are excited to introduce our Digital Empowerment Trainers’ Toolkit, a dynamic resource to help you bring the benefits of connecting online to women in your community. Check it out today! »

ALIMENTATION ET NUTRITON DES PERSONNES ÄGEES EN RDC

Manger, se nourrir, s’alimenter : une activité complexe et complète puisqu’elle concerne la biologie, la psychologie et les relations sociales de manière très imbriquée.

Il est aujourd’hui établi qu’une alimentation saine et la pratique d’une activité physique régulière contribuent à un vieillissement réussi.

Les années autour de la retraite ont été identifiées par les pouvoirs publics comme une période propice à la promotion de ces comportements favorables à la santé. En 2008, l’Institut national de prévention et d’éducation pour la santé (INPES) a mené le troisième exercice du Baromètre santé/nutrition. Il s’agit d’une enquête dont l’objectif est d’analyser et de suivre les perceptions, les connaissances et les comportements en matière d’alimentation et d’activité physique des personnes âgées de 55 à 75 ans. Les résultats révèlent que cette population se nourrit plutôt bien et est sensible aux recommandations. Mais ces résultats plutôt encourageants sont susceptibles de se modifier au-delà de 75 ans

Quelle que soit la pertinence des recommandations et prescriptions relatives à la qualité nutritionnelle, et même gustative de l’alimentation préconisée pour les grands vieillards, à la maison ou en institution, ceux-ci, trop souvent, n’ont pas envie de leurs repas, de les préparer pour certains ou de les recevoir pour d’autres, sans pour autant qu’il s’agisse véritablement d’anorexie. Lassitude de certaines vieilles dames qui ont cuisiné toute leur vie et en ont assez, hésitations de certains vieux messieurs qui, à l’inverse, n’ont jamais assumé cette activité ; pour les uns et les autres, solitude liée notamment au veuvage. Toutes ces sortes de contre-incitations à manger sont d’autant plus redoutables qu’elles demeurent discrètes, mal connues. Surtout lorsque ces vieilles personnes vivent seules, avec peu de relations sociales, voire d’aide ou d’assistance chez elles. Manger mal et manger moins correspondent aussi à ces décrochages des grands vieillards qui sans avoir de souhait de mort n’ont plus que faiblement des souhaits de vie.

Si on trouve de trop nombreux cas de dénutrition à domicile, éventuellement liés à la solitude, on en trouve aussi en institution. À l’hôpital, les malades très âgés et particulièrement fragiles arrivent déjà dénutris. Les soins hospitaliers, de durée nécessairement limitée, ne permettent pas toujours de redresser la situation. En établissement médico-social où les résidents arrivent également fragilisés, le retour du goût de manger ainsi que les enjeux d’une nutrition curative et préventive demandent aux équipes soignantes et de vie quotidienne beaucoup d’attention et de temps. Il peut falloir toute une année pour rééquilibrer telle ou telle vieille personne.
J’aurai souhaité que notre gouvernement ensemble avec d’autres personnes de bonne volo,nté puissent se soucier de l’alimentation des viellards car c’est très honté de voir ces personnes mourir de la malnutrition.

English translation by community member jmasa

DIET AND NUTRITION OF ELDERLY PERSONS IN RDC

To eat, to nourish, to feed: a complex and complete activity since it concerns biology, psychology, and social relations in a very interlocked manner.
Today it is established that a healthy and practical diet and the practice of regular physical activity contributes to successful aging.

The years around retirement have been identified by the public powers as an opportune period for the promotion of behaviors favorable to health. In 2008, the National Institute of Prevention and Education for Health (INPES) led the third health/nutrition Barometer. It is a survey of which the objective is to analyze and track the perceptions, awareness, and the behaviors of diet and physical activity of people aged 55-75 years. The results reveal that this population nourishes itself rather well and is sensitive to recommendations. But these rather encouraging results are susceptible to change beyond 75 years of age.

Regardless of the pertinence of recommendations and the prescriptions relative to the nutritional quality, some elderly people, too often, don’t fancy their meals. Some are discouraged by the taste of the advised diet, having to prepare them, and even having to accept the help and donations of others. There is the weariness of certain elderly women who have cooked their whole lives and have had enough of it. There are the hesitations of certain elderly men who, conversely, have never taken on this activity. The loneliness of widowhood can also be a related factor. All these sorts of obstacles to eating remain as strong as they are discrete, and less-known. Especially when elderly people live by themselves, with few social relations, aid, or assistance in their own homes. Eating poorly and eating less is also linked to the mentality of the elderly, for there are those who do not have a desire of death, but only feebly have desires of living.

There are too many cases of malnutrition at home (which may be linked to loneliness), and in institutions. At the hospital, the elderly who are particularly sick and fragile arrive already malnourished. The hospital caretakers, with a necessarily limited time, are not always allowed to correct the situation. In nursing homes, the residents also arrive there weakened. The return of an appetite, as well as the challenge of keeping up a curative and preventive nutrition require a lot of attention and time. It could take an entire year to rebalance an elderly person.

I wish that our government, together with others of good will, will start being concerned for the diet of the elderly, for it's really a shame to see these people die of malnutrition.

Comments

jmasa's picture

Bonjour

Chère Mwamini,

Merci beaucoup pour votre poste sur la santé des personnes âgés. Les grands viellards sont une population très vulnerable dans la société, donc c'est important de contribuer à cette conversation à propos de leur alimentation et nutrition. Nos veillards méritent les soins et l'attention, mais c'est très difficile quand, même pour nous en Amérique, le gouvernement ne donne pas assez de la priorité aux personnes âgées... Je m'intéresse à savoir plus sur les ressources pour les personnes âgées. A part des hospitaux, et des établissements medico-social par exemple, est-ce qu'il y a d'autres sources locales d'aide et d'éducation pour cette population?

Merci encore pour votre commentaire! Votre voix m'inspire, et je sais que vous pouvez influencer des autres aussi.

Bien à vous,
Jelyn Masa

jmasa's picture

Translation

DIET AND NUTRITION OF ELDERLY PERSONS IN RDC

To eat, to nourish, to feed: a complex and complete activity since it concerns biology, psychology, and social relations in a very interlocked manner.
Today it is established that a healthy and practical diet and the practice of regular physical activity contributes to successful aging.

The years around retirement have been identified by the public powers as an opportune period for the promotion of behaviors favorable to health. In 2008, the National Institute of Prevention and Education for Health (INPES) led the third health/nutrition Barometer. It is a survey of which the objective is to analyze and track the perceptions, awareness, and the behaviors of diet and physical activity of people aged 55-75 years. The results reveal that this population nourishes itself rather well and is sensitive to recommendations. But these rather encouraging results are susceptible to change beyond 75 years of age.

Regardless of the pertinence of recommendations and the prescriptions relative to the nutritional quality, some elderly people, too often, don’t fancy their meals. Some are discouraged by the taste of the advised diet, having to prepare them, and even having to accept the help and donations of others. There is the weariness of certain elderly women who have cooked their whole lives and have had enough of it. There are the hesitations of certain elderly men who, conversely, have never taken on this activity. The loneliness of widowhood can also be a related factor. All these sorts of obstacles to eating remain as strong as they are discrete, and less-known. Especially when elderly people live by themselves, with few social relations, aid, or assistance in their own homes. Eating poorly and eating less is also linked to the mentality of the elderly, for there are those who do not have a desire of death, but only feebly have desires of living.

There are too many cases of malnutrition at home (which may be linked to loneliness), and in institutions. At the hospital, the elderly who are particularly sick and fragile arrive already malnourished. The hospital caretakers, with a necessarily limited time, are not always allowed to correct the situation. In nursing homes, the residents also arrive there weakened. The return of an appetite, as well as the challenge of keeping up a curative and preventive nutrition require a lot of attention and time. It could take an entire year to rebalance an elderly person.

I wish that our government, together with others of good will, will start being concerned for the diet of the elderly, for it's really a shame to see these people die of malnutrition.

MWAMINI's picture

votre préocupation est de

votre préocupation est de savoir s'il existe d'autres source local d'aide et de formation pour les viellards ici chez nous , c'est non car dépuis ma naissance je n'ai jamais vu une établissement qui s'occupe de cette population en voyant comment ils souffre quand ils ont un certain âge,la plupart d'eux manque de quoi manger voir même des soins medicauxs.
une fois de plus Merci.

Evelyne

Magazine »

Read global coverage through women's eyes

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Community »

Connect with women on the ground worldwide

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

Campaigns »

Be heard at influential forums

WWW: Women Weave the Web

WWW: Women Weave the Web

Programs »

Help us train women citizen journalists

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

Blog »

Read the latest from World Pulse headquarters

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Partners »

Join forces with our wide network of partners

Nobel Women's Initiative

Nobel Women's Initiative