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LA PREVENTION D'UNE MALADIE

Dans le mot « prévention », nous avons deux notions : éviter et réduire, mesures qui visent non seulement à empêcher l’apparition de la maladie comme la vaccination, la lutte anti vectorielle, les activités anti-tabac, mais aussi à arrêter le progrès de celle-ci et à réduire les conséquences.
Ainsi, il y a quatre types de prévention :
- La prévention primordiale : dans cette prévention, on agit sur le mode de vie. Par exemple, l’action sur le tabagisme.
- La prévention primaire : elle comporte les actions qui visent à empêcher l’apparition d’une maladie ou des problèmes de santé comme l’insuffisance pondérale à la santé, les vaccinations, l’amélioration de l’environnement et des soins appropriés aux femmes enceintes.
- La prévention secondaire : elle comporte, quant à elle, les actions qui cherchent à stopper ou à arrêter l’évolution d’une maladie par le dépistage précoce et un traitement approprié ou à réduire les risques de rechute ou de chronicité, par exemple par des mesures de réadaptation, une chirurgie corrective et la fourniture des prothèses. Il s’agit de médicaments.
- La prévention tertiaire : c’est une action destinée à diminuer la prévalence des incapacités chroniques en prévenant ou en réduisant au minimum les invalidités fonctionnelles consécutives à la maladie ; par exemple, la réadaptation.
En résumé, pour : la prévention primordiale, on agit sur le mode de vie (cas du tabagisme, etc.)
La prévention primaire, on évite l’apparition de la maladie (par ex, la vaccination)
La prévention secondaire: on traite la maladie, évite l’aggravation par le dépistage et le traitement
La prévention tertiaire, c’est la réadaptation. Merci vos avis sont très importants

English translation by community member bikesu

Prevention of an illness

Looking up the meaning of "prevention" we are presented with two notions: to avoid and reduce; measures that not only prevent the appearance of an illness (like vaccination, anti-vector control, anti-tobacco activities), but also stop the progress of it and reduce its consequences.

In fact there are four types of prevention:
-Primordial prevention: In this prevention, we act upon the way of life. For example, targeting tobacco consumers.
-Primary Prevention: Focuses on preventative behaviors which will prevent the illness from occurring, such as insufficient weight, vaccinations, amelioration of the environment and of treatments suitable for pregnant women.
-Secondary prevention: According to this level of preventions, acts that aim to stop the progress of an illness by early detection, and its appropriate treatment or reduction of its risks. For example by re-adaptation measures, corrective surgery, and supply of prosthesis. It is about medicines.
-Tertiary prevention: This is an action that aims to reduce the prevalence of chronic disabilities by preventing or reducing the functional disabilities of the disease to a minimum; for example by rehabilitation.

To summarize: primordial prevention focuses on lifestyle, primary prevention methods trying to inhibit the appearance and transmission of diseases. Secondary methods focus on treating the existing illness, trying to prevent it from getting worse by screening for the disease and treating it. The tertiary method is re-adaptation.

Thank you, your ideas are very important to me.

Comments

bikesu's picture

Translation

Prevention of an illness

Looking up the meaning of "prevention" we are presented with two notions: to avoid and reduce; measures that not only prevent the appearance of an illness (like vaccination, anti-vector control, anti-tobacco activities), but also stop the progress of it and reduce its consequences.

In fact there are four types of prevention:
-Primordial prevention: In this prevention, we act upon the way of life. For example, targeting tobacco consumers.
-Primary Prevention: Focuses on preventative behaviors which will prevent the illness from occurring, such as insufficient weight, vaccinations, amelioration of the environment and of treatments suitable for pregnant women.
-Secondary prevention: According to this level of preventions, acts that aim to stop the progress of an illness by early detection, and its appropriate treatment or reduction of its risks. For example by re-adaptation measures, corrective surgery, and supply of prosthesis. It is about medicines.
-Tertiary prevention: This is an action that aims to reduce the prevalence of chronic disabilities by preventing or reducing the functional disabilities of the disease to a minimum; for example by rehabilitation.

To summarize: primordial prevention focuses on lifestyle, primary prevention methods trying to inhibit the appearance and transmission of diseases. Secondary methods focus on treating the existing illness, trying to prevent it from getting worse by screening for the disease and treating it. The tertiary method is re-adaptation.

Thank you, your ideas are very important to me.

bikesu's picture

Il me semble que vous sachiez

Il me semble que vous sachiez beaucoup sur le sujet de la sante publique. C'est une plaisir d'etre capable de traduire pour vous car je me suis interesse par le sante publique aussi. J'ai une question pour vous, est-ce que les autres participantes de Maman Shujaa et vous ont la chance a avoir une discussion entre vous sur ce sujet de sante?

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