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LE SIDA EN AFRIQUE

Le SIDA est une maladie qui atteint de plus en plus les jeunes femmes. Cinquante-neuf pour cent des personnes séropositives en Afrique sont des femmes ; les jeunes femmes âgées de 15 à 25 ans courent un risque au moins trois fois (et, dans certains endroits, de quatre à cinq fois) plus élevé d’être infectées par le VIH que les hommes de la même tranche d’âge, ce qui tient pour l’essentiel à l’inégalité entre les sexes, au manque d’instruction et au faible statut socio-économique. Plus que jamais, une stratégie multisectorielle ciblée s’impose pour s’attaquer aux causes profondes de l’inégalité entre les sexes qui alimente la propagation de l’épidémie.

· Les investissements dans la recherche et le développement de nouvelles technologies et de nouveaux instruments qui donneraient aux femmes les moyens de mieux se protéger doivent se poursuivre, surtout dans les domaines des microbicides et de la prophylaxie pré-exposition (PREP) auxquels la 16e Conférence internationale sur le SIDA de Toronto a fait une large place.

· Malgré les signes de progrès récemment observés, notre vigilance ne saurait se relâcher car d’autres épidémies se profilent à l’horizon. En effet, la consommation de drogues injectables devient un facteur de risque élevé dans certaines parties du Kenya, de Tanzanie, du Nigeria, de l’Afrique du Sud et de Maurice, et une hausse des taux d’infection se dessine chez certains groupes en Ouganda et au Mozambique, ce qui pourrait réduire à néant les progrès de la décennie écoulée.

· Le VIH/SIDA est de plus en plus associé au développement de souches dangereuses d’autres maladies chroniques telles que la tuberculose ultrarésistante (XDR-TB), qui pourrait favoriser la propagation de la tuberculose si elle n’est pas maîtrisée. Il se confirme que le paludisme est plus grave et fréquent chez les adultes séropositifs, ceux-ci courant un risque trois fois plus élevé de devoir recevoir un traitement clinique pour cette maladie que les adultes non infectés par le VIH.

English translation by community member kirstenbrittellicson

AIDS IN AFRICA

AIDS is a sickness that affects, more and more, young women. Fifty-nine percent of seropositive people in Africa are women; young women aged 15 to 25 run a risk at least three times (in some places, four or five times) higher of being infected by HIV than men of the same age range. This is evidence of inequality between the sexes, a lack of education about the disease, and weak socio-economic status. More than ever, a targeted, multi-sector strategy is necessary in order to get to the deep causes of inequality between the sexes, which feeds propagation of the epidemic.

Investment in research and the development of new technologies and new instruments that would allow women the means to better protect themselves must be pursued, especially in the fields of microbicides and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), to which the 16th International AIDS Conference in Toronto accorded a large role.

Despite the recently-observed signs of progress, our vigilance must not waver, for other epidemics are emerging on the horizon. Indeed, injectable drug consumption is becoming a high risk factor in certain parts of Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, South Africa and Maurice, and a rise in infection rates can be detected in certain groups in Uganda and Mozambique, which could reduce the progress of the last decade to nothing.

HIV/AIDS is more and more associated with the development of dangerous strains of chronic illnesses such as the ultraresistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), which could favor the propagation of tuberculosis if it is not controlled. It has been confirmed that paludism is more serious and more frequent in seropositive adults, who run a risk three times higher of having to receive a clinical treatment for this illness than adults who are not afflicted by HIV.

Comments

kirstenbrittellicson's picture

Translation

AIDS IN AFRICA

AIDS is a sickness that affects, more and more, young women. Fifty-nine percent of seropositive people in Africa are women; young women aged 15 to 25 run a risk at least three times (in some places, four or five times) higher of being infected by HIV than men of the same age range. This is evidence of inequality between the sexes, a lack of education about the disease, and weak socio-economic status. More than ever, a targeted, multi-sector strategy is necessary in order to get to the deep causes of inequality between the sexes, which feeds propagation of the epidemic.

Investment in research and the development of new technologies and new instruments that would allow women the means to better protect themselves must be pursued, especially in the fields of microbicides and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), to which the 16th International AIDS Conference in Toronto accorded a large role.

Despite the recently-observed signs of progress, our vigilance must not waver, for other epidemics are emerging on the horizon. Indeed, injectable drug consumption is becoming a high risk factor in certain parts of Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, South Africa and Maurice, and a rise in infection rates can be detected in certain groups in Uganda and Mozambique, which could reduce the progress of the last decade to nothing.

HIV/AIDS is more and more associated with the development of dangerous strains of chronic illnesses such as the ultraresistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), which could favor the propagation of tuberculosis if it is not controlled. It has been confirmed that paludism is more serious and more frequent in seropositive adults, who run a risk three times higher of having to receive a clinical treatment for this illness than adults who are not afflicted by HIV.

Chère Alice,

Merci pour cette présentation, si claire et convaincante, sur la relation entre les femmes et le SIDA et le besoin urgent de faire face à des inégalités. Je vous félicite d'avoir employé le mot "inégalité" concernant le fait que la maladie touche les femmes plus que les hommes. J'ai remarqué que, dans les commentaires Maman Shujaa sur WorldPulse, le mot "inégalité" n'est pas souvent utilisé. C'est le mot qu'il faut employé, à mon avis, si on va améliorer le monde.

Bien à vous,

Kirsten

ALICE NKANDAGANYA's picture

merci pour votre commentaire

merci pour votre commentaire ma chère Kristen.
jtm si fort

Alice

ALICE

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