Community Update

Digital Empowerment Toolkit Now Available!

At World Pulse, we recognize the need for ongoing learning—for you and for your community! Our toolkits aim to provide the resources you need to advance your social change work.

We are excited to introduce our Digital Empowerment Trainers’ Toolkit, a dynamic resource to help you bring the benefits of connecting online to women in your community. Check it out today! »

Pourquoi des enfants sont-ils obligés de travailler?

C’est avant tout la pauvreté qui oblige les enfants à travailler, souvent le salaire gagné par un enfant lui permet d’aider sa famille, surtout si ses parents sont au chômage ou s’ils ont des problèmes de santé.
Dans la plupart des cas, le travail des enfants correspond à une exploitation : les enfants sont exploités parce qu’ils sont plus faciles à commander que les adultes. Ils ne font pas la grève, même lorsque les conditions de travail sont pénibles. Par peur des représailles, ils ne se révoltent jamais. Ils sont souvent très mal payés. Pour certains employeurs malhonnêtes, ils constituent ainsi une main d’œuvre rentable, qui rapporte beaucoup sans coûter cher.
Il arrive souvent que les enfants travaillent tout simplement chez eux, pour aider leur famille : ils préparent les repas, s’occupent de la maison, prennent soin de leurs petits frères et sœurs, ils travaillent aux champs, s’occupent des bêtes, etc. Même s’il ne s’agit pas de conditions de travail très pénibles, l’obligation d’accomplir ces tâches les empêche de s’épanouir, de s’instruire et de vivre pleinement leur enfance : ils n’ont pas le temps d’aller à l’école, ni de jouer ou de se reposer.
Lorsqu’ils travaillent à l’extérieur, les enfants peuvent être employés comme domestiques. C’est le cas de la plupart des filles de moins de 16 ans qui travaillent dans certains pays en voie de développement. Souvent, ce sont de véritables esclaves, mal nourris, travaillant jusqu’à 20 heures par jour.
On fait également travailler les enfants dans l’industrie et l’artisanat (fabriques de vêtements, de chaussures, de tapis, de jouets).
Certaines formes et conditions de travail sont particulièrement nuisibles pour la santé et la sécurité des enfants. Le travail dans les mines, par exemple, est particulièrement pénible et dangereux. Du fait de leur petite taille, on utilise parfois des enfants pour s’introduire dans les cuves des pétroliers et les nettoyer ; ils sont alors en contact avec des produits dangereux pour leur santé.
Dans les situations les plus difficiles, les enfants qui ne peuvent plus compter sur l’aide de leur famille doivent vivre dans la rue. Pour survivre, les enfants des rues cirent des chaussures, ramassent des ordures ou mendient. Ils deviennent alors des proies faciles pour certains adultes qui se servent d’eux pour pratiquer des activités interdites (telles que le trafic de drogues), ou qui exploitent leur corps (par exemple en les obligeant à se prostituer).
Lorsqu’un pays est en guerre, il arrive que des enfants soient enrôlés de force pour combattre. Dans les combats, ces enfants dits « enfants soldats » se retrouvent souvent en première ligne.
Pour l’instant, dans les pays où l’on ne peut pas empêcher totalement le travail des enfants, il est en effet important que les enfants accèdent tout de même à l’instruction, car l’éducation de la population d’un pays est nécessaire pour qu’il se développe économiquement.

English translation by community member Pyrias

Above all, it’s poverty that pushes children to work. Often, the salary earned by a child allows them to help their family, especially if their parents are unemployed or have health problems. In most cases, a child’s work is really more like exploitation; children are taken advantage of because they follow instructions and commands easier than adults. They don’t go on strike, even when work conditions are bad. They never revolt, for fear of retaliation. They are often very badly paid. Because of this, they make up a profitable labor force for many dishonest employers because they do much and cost little.
Children often simply work at their homes, helping their family: they prepare meals, do the housework, take care of their little brothers and sisters, work in the fields, take care of the animals, etc. Even if they aren’t concerned about bad work conditions, the obligation to accomplish these tasks stops them from growing, from learning, and from living their childhood to the fullest: they don’t have time to go to school, play, or rest.
When they work outside the home, children can be employed as domestics. Such is the case with most girls age 16 or younger who work in certain developing countries. Often, they’re closer to slaves, badly nourished and working up to 20 hours per day.
People even make children work industrial jobs (making clothes, shoes, carpets, or toys).
Some work conditions are particularly harmful to the health and safety of children. Working in mines, for example, is very difficult and dangerous. Because of their small stature, people sometimes use children to clean the insides of oil tanks, putting them in contact with dangerous and unhealthy chemicals.
In the most difficult situations, children who can’t count on the help of their family must live in the streets. To survive, these children polish shoes, clean garbage, or beg. Thus they become easy prey for certain adults who use them for illegal activity, such as drug trafficking or prostitution.
When a country is at war, children are sometimes taken by force to fight. In combat, these “child soldiers” often find themselves on the front lines. For now, in countries where it’s impossible to completely stop child labor, it is important that children continue to reach out to be taught, because education of the population of a country is necessary for it to develop itself economically.

Comments

Bayo's picture

slt

merci pour ton journal ma cherie jtm bien

Anuarite

Pyrias's picture

Translation

Above all, it’s poverty that pushes children to work. Often, the salary earned by a child allows them to help their family, especially if their parents are unemployed or have health problems. In most cases, a child’s work is really more like exploitation; children are taken advantage of because they follow instructions and commands easier than adults. They don’t go on strike, even when work conditions are bad. They never revolt, for fear of retaliation. They are often very badly paid. Because of this, they make up a profitable labor force for many dishonest employers because they do much and cost little.
Children often simply work at their homes, helping their family: they prepare meals, do the housework, take care of their little brothers and sisters, work in the fields, take care of the animals, etc. Even if they aren’t concerned about bad work conditions, the obligation to accomplish these tasks stops them from growing, from learning, and from living their childhood to the fullest: they don’t have time to go to school, play, or rest.
When they work outside the home, children can be employed as domestics. Such is the case with most girls age 16 or younger who work in certain developing countries. Often, they’re closer to slaves, badly nourished and working up to 20 hours per day.
People even make children work industrial jobs (making clothes, shoes, carpets, or toys).
Some work conditions are particularly harmful to the health and safety of children. Working in mines, for example, is very difficult and dangerous. Because of their small stature, people sometimes use children to clean the insides of oil tanks, putting them in contact with dangerous and unhealthy chemicals.
In the most difficult situations, children who can’t count on the help of their family must live in the streets. To survive, these children polish shoes, clean garbage, or beg. Thus they become easy prey for certain adults who use them for illegal activity, such as drug trafficking or prostitution.
When a country is at war, children are sometimes taken by force to fight. In combat, these “child soldiers” often find themselves on the front lines. For now, in countries where it’s impossible to completely stop child labor, it is important that children continue to reach out to be taught, because education of the population of a country is necessary for it to develop itself economically.

Pyrias's picture

Merci

Merci de partager, meme si ce n'est pas une histoire tres heureuse. Votre voix est importante ici, si les enfants ne peuvent pas parler eux-meme. J'aimerais lire plus, je pense que ca ferait une grande difference si la plupart des personnes savaient tout ca. Qu'est-ce que vous pensez qu'on peut faire pour aider les enfants dans les rues?

Magazine »

Read global coverage through women's eyes

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Community »

Connect with women on the ground worldwide

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

Campaigns »

Be heard at influential forums

WWW: Women Weave the Web

WWW: Women Weave the Web

Programs »

Help us train women citizen journalists

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

Blog »

Read the latest from World Pulse headquarters

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Partners »

Join forces with our wide network of partners

Nobel Women's Initiative

Nobel Women's Initiative