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aliments à éviter pendant la grossesse

Quels aliments éviter lors de la grossesse ?

Pendant la grossesse l’alimentation doit être surveillée. En effet, certaines infections peuvent avoir des conséquences graves et certains aliments sont déconseillés. Pouvez-vous boire du café ? Devez-vous vous passer de steak tartare pendant 9 mois et tirer un trait sur les fromages ? Le point sur ce qu’il faut manger ou éviter lorsque l’on est enceinte.

Lors de la grossesse, certains aliments peuvent être préjudiciables : le tout est de connaître les situations à risque.

Attention aux infections alimentaires !

Certaines toxi-infections alimentaires peuvent avoir des conséquences importantes chez la femme enceinte : parmi les maladies transmises par les aliments, la toxoplasmose et la listériose sont particulièrement graves. Pour les éviter :
Mangez de la viande très cuite ;
Evitez de consommer certains aliments crus (poissons fumés, lait cru et fromages au lait cru) ;
Evitez les charcuteries telles que rillettes, pâtés et produits en gelée ;
Retirez les croûtes de fromage.

Dans tous les cas, essayez de prendre des précautions d’hygiène strictes pour la conservation et la manipulation des aliments.

Quand maman boit, bébé trinque !

L’alcool est fortement déconseillé pendant la grossesse. Le mieux est de le supprimer complètement ou de le limiter à un verre de vin occasionnel. En dehors du syndrome gravissime d’alcoolisme foetal qui touche les enfants de femmes alcooliques, la consommation de quantités modérées d’alcool favorise la prématurité et un petit poids de naissance. Le risque augmentant très rapidement à partir de deux verres de vin par jour.

Pas de petit noir !

Mieux vaut ne pas abuser du café lors de la grossesse. Il semble que de trop fortes consommations soient corrélées à des risques d’avortement spontané ou de petit poids de naissance. Mais rien n’a encore été réellement démontré en la matière.

Pas régime trop riche !

Pendant la grossesse, il faut éviter l’excès d’aliments trop caloriques. En effet, l’obésité maternelle multiplie les risques pour la mère et pour l’enfant : hypertension artérielle, toxémie gravidique, diabète, infections urinaires, accidents thromboemboliques. Les risques à l’accouchement sont également accrus, avec un pourcentage de césariennes élevé. La prise de poids pendant la grossesse doit donc être limitée et justifie un suivi médical très régulier.

Enfin, chez l’adolescente, la grossesse nécessite une surveillance accrue sur le plan nutritionnel : les besoins spécifiques de cet âge se combinent au fait d’être enceinte

English translation by community member liannareed

Foods to avoid during pregnancy

What foods to avoid during pregnancy?

During pregnancy the food should be surveyed. Indeed, certain infections can have consequences and certain foods are not recommended. Can you drink coffee? Should you have steak tartare during the nine months and should you draw a line on cheeses? Focus on what you can eat and what you should avoid when you are pregnant.

During pregnancy, certain foods can be harmful: know which foods are at risk. Be aware of food infections!

Certain toxic-infections of food can have important consequences on pregnancy women: because these illnesses are transmitted by these foods, toxoplasmosis and listeriosis are particularly bad. To avoid them:

Eat meat that is well done;

Avoid the consumption of raw foods (smoked fish, raw milk, and cheese made with raw milk);

Avoid meats like rillettes, pâtés, and gelled products;

Take off the rind of cheeses

In all cases, take all precautions of hygiene in the preservation and handling of foods. When mom drinks, baby drinks!

It is strongly advised to avoid alcohol during pregnancy. The best is to remove it completely or to limit it to a glass of wine occasionally. Apart from the very serious fetal alcohol syndrome of alcoholic women, the consumption of moderate quantities of alcohol favors premature birth and low weight. The risk augments very rapidly after two classes of wine per day.

No espresso!

Better to not drink coffee during pregnancy. It seems that if strong coffee is consumed it correlates to risks of spontaneous miscarriages or under weight at birth. But nothing has really been proven.

Avoid rich foods!

During pregnancy, you must avoid the excess eating of high caloric foods. Indeed, maternal obesity increases the risks for the mother and the child: arterial hypertension, toxemia, diabetes, urinary infections, and thromboembolic events. The risks of childbirth are equally increased, with the percentage of cesareans increased. The weight gain during pregnancy should be limited and monitored by regular medical monitoring.

And finally, in a teenager, pregnancy must be closely watched with a nutritional plan: the specific needs at this age in combination with being pregnant.

Comments

liannareed's picture

Translation

Foods to avoid during pregnancy

What foods to avoid during pregnancy?

During pregnancy the food should be surveyed. Indeed, certain infections can have consequences and certain foods are not recommended. Can you drink coffee? Should you have steak tartare during the nine months and should you draw a line on cheeses? Focus on what you can eat and what you should avoid when you are pregnant.

During pregnancy, certain foods can be harmful: know which foods are at risk. Be aware of food infections!

Certain toxic-infections of food can have important consequences on pregnancy women: because these illnesses are transmitted by these foods, toxoplasmosis and listeriosis are particularly bad. To avoid them:

Eat meat that is well done;

Avoid the consumption of raw foods (smoked fish, raw milk, and cheese made with raw milk);

Avoid meats like rillettes, pâtés, and gelled products;

Take off the rind of cheeses

In all cases, take all precautions of hygiene in the preservation and handling of foods. When mom drinks, baby drinks!

It is strongly advised to avoid alcohol during pregnancy. The best is to remove it completely or to limit it to a glass of wine occasionally. Apart from the very serious fetal alcohol syndrome of alcoholic women, the consumption of moderate quantities of alcohol favors premature birth and low weight. The risk augments very rapidly after two classes of wine per day.

No espresso!

Better to not drink coffee during pregnancy. It seems that if strong coffee is consumed it correlates to risks of spontaneous miscarriages or under weight at birth. But nothing has really been proven.

Avoid rich foods!

During pregnancy, you must avoid the excess eating of high caloric foods. Indeed, maternal obesity increases the risks for the mother and the child: arterial hypertension, toxemia, diabetes, urinary infections, and thromboembolic events. The risks of childbirth are equally increased, with the percentage of cesareans increased. The weight gain during pregnancy should be limited and monitored by regular medical monitoring.

And finally, in a teenager, pregnancy must be closely watched with a nutritional plan: the specific needs at this age in combination with being pregnant.

liannareed's picture

Il est très important de

Il est très important de connaitre les aliments on doit éviter pendant la grossesse alors merci beaucoup pour votre poste. Est-ce que vous pouvez créer un document pour partager avec les femmes du Congo et donc elles peuvent les monter sur le frigo donc elles n'oublient pas?

merci bcp de mavoir lu je peux creer ce document mais malheureusement je ne pas de moyen pour le faire donc il me faut de l'aide financier et j'espere bcp ssur vous. see you on line

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