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ORIGINE DES COOPERATIVES

Les premières coopératives sont nées en réaction contre la révolution industrielle de 1789 en Europe qui entraina la misère et la transformation sociale. Il y a eu concentration de la propriété dans les mains des industries et ses conséquences sur les paysans qui avaient abandonné leur métier d’artisan à la campagne pour aller travailler dans les industries en ville.
Les ouvriers touchaient le salaire de famine, ils étaient logés dans les abris de misère, le travail de mineurs avait pris de l’ampleur et ils avaient peu de temps au repos.
En réagissant, les gens ont décidé de créer de coopératives qui sont des associations de personnes qui poursuivent leur but au moyen d’une entreprise. Les associés en deviennent des propriétaires et en assurent la direction et le contrôle selon les règles de la démocratie.
Les types les plus importants qui ressortent dans ce domaine sont :
Les coopératives de consommation
Les coopératives d’Epargne et de crédit
Les coopératives ouvrières
Les coopératives de commercialisation
Au cours du 18ème siècle, on a réaffirmé les principes de pionnier de ROCHDALE comme était les seuls principes coopératifs. On peut citer 7 principes coopératifs généralement reconnus par tous :
L’affiliation libre et volontaire
La démocratie, c’est –à-dire un homme une voix
L’intérêt payé sur le capital
Un sur plus appartenant aux membres
La participation économique des membres à leur coopérative
L’inter-coopération
La participation au développement du milieu

English translation by community member Marie-France Gozzo

Origin of Cooperatives

The first cooperatives were born in retaliation to the industrial revolution of 1789 in Europe, which created much poverty and social transformation. The ownership of property was concentrated in the hands of a few owners of the industry to the detriment of the farmers who abandoned their crafts and moved from the country to the city. Workers were given minimal wages, were housed in deplorable shelters and, as mining had taken off, they had little time to rest.
In response to these conditions, people decided to form cooperatives which are associations which pursue their goals through a business. The members become the owners and assure the businesses direction through rules and the democratic process.

The most important types of cooperatives are:
Consumer cooperatives
Cooperatives for Savings and credit
Workers cooperatives
Commercial cooperatives

During the 18th century, there was a resurgence of the principles pioneered by Rochdale, as sole cooperative principles. In general, there are seven principles accepted by all cooperatives:
Membership is voluntary
Democracy, in that there is one vote per member
Interest paid on Capital
Surplus is divided among members
Economic participation of the members
Inter-cooperation
Development and participation of the community

Comments

Merci Ariane pour cette article. Croyez vous que les coopratives d’aujourd’hui sont plus capables de se defendre et de reussir contre les grandes corporations national et international?

Votre Famille a World Puls

Ariane Moza Assumani's picture

GRAND MERCI

Bien écrit mon amie je pense que les coopératives sont capables de réussir car elles acceptent même une personne qui n'a pas beaucoup de moyens pour qu'elle épargne son argent chaque jour.

arianemoza

Origin of Cooperatives:
The first cooperatives were born in retaliation to the industrial revolution of 1789 in Europe, which created much poverty and social transformation. The ownership of property was concentrated in the hands of a few owners of the industry to the detriment of the farmers who abandoned their crafts and moved from the country to the city. Workers were given minimal wages, were housed in deplorable shelters and, as mining had taken off, they had little time to rest.
In response to these conditions, people decided to form cooperatives which are associations which pursue their goals through a business. The members become the owners and assure the businesses direction through rules and the democratic process.
The most important types of cooperatives are:
Consumer cooperatives
Cooperatives for Savings and credit
Workers cooperatives
Commercial cooperatives
During the 18th century, there was a resurgence of the principles pioneered by Rochdale, as sole cooperative principles. In general, there are seven principles accepted by all cooperatives:
Membership is voluntary
Democracy, in that there is one vote per member
Interest paid on Capital
Surplus is divided among members
Economic participation of the members
Inter-cooperation
Development and participation of the community

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