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HISTORIQUE DE LA CROIX-ROUGE

Le 17/ 08 / 1859, quelque part dans la plaine du Nord de l’Italie, en passage jean Henri DUNANT, commerçant suisse de Genève vent rejoindre NAPOLEO III, Empereur des français avec lequel il désignait parler des affaires. Les dernières concernées l’installation des moulins en Algérie : la plaine s’est transformée en champ de bataille, les armées Françaises et Autrichiennes et leurs alliées s’affrontent dans de sanglants combats, c’est la bataille de SOLFERINO.
Sur le même lieu de drâme, il y a eu 40.000.000 des morts et des milliers s’agonissant et des blessés. Insistant que les soins soient administrés aux combattants de deux camps sans distinctions aucun liée à la nationalité perturbé, DUNANT ignore sa mission et s’improvise au secours de ces infortunés. Une Eglise du village de CASTIGLION est transformée en hôpital. Il alla jusqu’à recueillir des messages pour les familles des victimes. De retour, stupéfait par ce qu’il a vécu, Henri DUNANT consigne son expérience dans un livre publié en 1862. L’ouvrage intitulé « un souvenir à SOLFERINO » dans lequel il avance deux idées majeurs :
 Qu’il y ait des volontaires dans chaque pays qui vont s’occuper à aider des services sanitaires ;
 Il faut qu’on cherche un signe pour les identifier et les protéger pendant qu’ils assistent les blessés sur les champs de bataille. Ce livre rencontre une vive prospérité une idée était née, concrétisée en Février 1863 lorsque DUNANT et quatre citoyens Genèvas créent le comité International des secours aux blessés, futur International des secours aux blessés, futur CICR ; c’est comité de cinq.
Le gouvernement Suisse a convoqué d’autres pays du n26 au 29 octobre 1863, l’invention des couleurs du drapeau Suisse qui deviennent les signes de la Croix-Rouge.
En 1862, une conférence diplomatique adopte la première convention du sort des blessés dans les années en campagne. Il existe aujourd’hui quatre conventions de Genève qui protègent :
 Les blessés et les malades sur ces terres ;
 Les blessés, les malades et la naufrage sur mer ;
 Les prisonniers de guerre ;
 Les civiles en temps de la guerre. Alors l’idée a été évoluée parce que c’était une initiative des hommes, nous les femmes nous devront faire tout pour que nous faisions aussi de grandes initiatives qui prendront une grande emplaire et pour toujours. Merci vos suggestions et remarques soient les bienvenues.

English translation by community member Marie-France Gozzo

History of the Red Cross

On the 17 of August, 1859, on the plains in northern Italy, John Henri Dunant, a Swiss business man, met Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, with whom he wished to conduct some business, including the installation of windmills in Algeria. The plain had been transformed into a battleground where the French and Austrian armies and their allies were facing off in bloody combat. It was the Battle of Solferino. Here, were 40, 000, 000 had died, thousands of wounded lay in agony. Insistent that the wounded be treated regardless of their nationality, Dunant ignored his business concerns and improvised care for the wounded. A church in the village of Castiglion was transformed into a hospital. He even went so far as to take messages for the wounded men’s families. Home once more, but stunned by what he witnessed, Henir Dunant sets down his experiences in a book published in 1862. The work is called “A Memory of Solferino,” in which he puts forth two major ideas.

That there should be volunteers in each country dedicated to the service of the wounded.
That there should be a symbol or sign by which they should be identified and be protected as they help those in need on the battlefield.

The book met with much success and the idea was born and established in February of 1863, when Dunant and four other citizens of Geneva created the International Committee for the Safety of the Wounded, the future CICR, a committee of five.

Between the 26 and the 29 of October, 1863, other countries join, and the symbol of the Red Cross is adopted.
In 1862, a diplomatic conference is held to determine the status of wounded in time of war. There exist today four statutes that make up the Geneva Convention which protect:
The wounded and sick on land.
The wounded and sick, or lost at sea.
Prisoners of war.
Civilians in time of war.

Thus the idea evolved through one man’s initiative. We women, too, should take the initiative in developing ideas which will have great and widespread impact, and long term results. Thank you for your suggestions, and any inputs you might have.

Comments

Merci Ariane, pour votre recherché sur La Croix Rouge. C’est une histoire trés intéressante et, comme vous dites, une histoire qui montre qu’une idée, une voix, peut mettre en trein quelque chose de tres important, et qui a de trés grandes conséquences pour le monde entier.
Nous vous remercions pour tous votre travaille, et les idées que vous nous offrez.
Votre Famille à World Puls.

Ariane Moza Assumani's picture

Nos remerciement

Grand merci mon amie pour avoir le courage de nous lire chaque jour à bientôt on line

arianemoza

On the 17 of August, 1859, on the plains in northern Italy, John Henri Dunant, a Swiss business man, met Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, with whom he wished to conduct some business, including the installation of windmills in Algeria. The plain had been transformed into a battleground where the French and Austrian armies and their allies were facing off in bloody combat. It was the Battle of Solferino. Here, were 40, 000, 000 had died, thousands of wounded lay in agony. Insistent that the wounded be treated regardless of their nationality, Dunant ignored his business concerns and improvised care for the wounded. A church in the village of Castiglion was transformed into a hospital. He even went so far as to take messages for the wounded men’s families. Home once more, but stunned by what he witnessed, Henir Dunant sets down his experiences in a book published in 1862. The work is called “A Memory of Solferino,” in which he puts forth two major ideas.
That there should be volunteers in each country dedicated to the service of the wounded.
That there should be a symbol or sign by which they should be identified and be protected as they help those in need on the battlefield.
The book met with much success and the idea was born and established in February of 1863, when Dunant and four other citizens of Geneva created the International Committee for the Safety of the Wounded, the future CICR, a committee of five.
Between the 26 and the 29 of October, 1863, other countries join, and the symbol of the Red Cross is adopted.
In 1862, a diplomatic conference is held to determine the status of wounded in time of war. There exist today four statutes that make up the Geneva Convention which protect:
The wounded and sick on land.
The wounded and sick, or lost at sea.
Prisoners of war.
Civilians in time of war.
Thus the idea evolved through one man’s initiative. We women, too, should take the initiative in developing ideas which will have great and widespread impact, and long term results. Thank you for your suggestions, and any inputs you might have.

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