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Challenges to Girls' Education!

Access to education was non-existent back in the early 90s in Somalia. Few years later, people who flee from the civil war, realized that going back to Mogadishu is a distant dream. Therefore, with that realization, schools started to re-open in our town.
My mother always taught us at home or hired a tutor for us, but it was exciting to have the ability to go to school. For me this was a cool new experience. I was 7 years old when I was registered to first grade and I remember being overwhelmingly psyched. However, unfortunate events occurred during that week. My father got sick and just days later he passed away unexpectedly due to mysterious liver problems and my mother was left to care for 7 children on her own. Although, this proved to be an impossible task, my mother never comprised our education and made sure that school comes first no matter what. Fortunately, my uncles and aunts also chipped in and gave us financial support when needed so that my mother won’t be alone in this ordeal.
I loved school and I was extremely good at it, and it’s mainly because of my mother and growing up in a household where education was treasured and good grades were rewarded gave me the drive I needed to push the limits and excel in my studies.

Unfortunately, Somali culture favors boys and doesn’t recognize girls as equals, and this is a dilemma faced by many girls. Despite the fact that there have been a lot of advocacy and outreach programs, it has not seized to exist in the rural communities. This is a specific challenge for girls who grow up in rural communities but humanitarian organizations and the government are involved in delivering awareness campaigns to eradicate the notion that sending a girl to school is a waste of resources.

However, in my opinion, the most challenging barrier that girls are facing in Somalia when it comes to education is lack of mentors that help them boost their self confidence and lack of role models they can look up to in the work field. In cities, girls are sent to school, and it’s apparent at the primary level that the class is proportional in numbers. However, as they reach the middle school, girls start to drop in numbers and when they reach the secondary level they make up only 5% of the graduates.

Girls feel alienated in schools, since almost 99% of teachers are male teachers and they are not trained to understand teenage girls. Moreover, the school environment also unintentionally favors boys because all extra curricula activities and sports are only directed towards boys.
Even back in early 00s when I was in secondary school, our teachers were all male and they did not have the capacity to motivate young girls and most girls felt awkward and out of place. The school had only less than 1% female teachers and they taught the primary level. The only session we had with these ladies was occasionally on Thursday mornings to provide mentoring programs for us.

In my community, girls are very shy and they don’t express their feelings and views in public. In primary level, girls are active but the environment teaches them to be otherwise when they become teenagers. Most girls shy away from expressing their ideas because of lack of self esteem, and I was not immune to this. I was so quiet and shy, and although I wanted to have the confidence to speak out and share my views, unfortunately I was so intimidated and never dared to utter a word in public. I had zero self confidence despite being an excellent student. It was after going abroad that I gained the confidence to speak up and have my voice heard. My experience in Malaysia forced me to come out of the shell and blossom to the outspoken person I am today.

Women are unable to enter the workforce due to cultural biases and inequality. This affects the girls’ perspective and attitude towards education, and they lose confidence in education and become discontent and unmotivated to continue any further. Dropping out of school directly leads to teen marriages which eventually end in divorces.
I am currently engaged in an initiative (with other female activists) to help girls overcome these barriers to education. We believe the key to defeat these major challenges is to provide mentorship programs that include self esteem and self confidence building activities, and inspiring young ladies to continue their education and instill in them the passion and drive to succeed.
We hope our government and international organizations will also play their role in ensuring fairness and equality in employment, and supporting female entrepreneurs.

This story was written for World Pulse’s Girls Transform the World Digital Action Campaign.

World Pulse believes that women's stories, recommendations, and collective rising leadership can—and will—bring girls greater access to education which will transform their lives, their families, and communities. The Girls Transform Campaign elicits insightful content from young women on the ground, strengthens their confidence as women, and ensures that influencers and powerful institutions hear their stories.
Learn more »


pelamutunzi's picture


your mother should be applauded for being strong and allowing you the chance to go to school. hope that your initiative works and many others benefit as you have

we may be powerless to stop an injustice but let there never be a time we fail to protest.

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thank you my dear, you are right she is a superwoman and I am grateful for her.

It's very encouraging to know that your mother never compromised your education even with all those hardship.
And I am sure it must be a daunting experience for women to go forward in school when there is not much of an environment to encourage them to express themselves. I guess you have a long way to go to create more awareness and to encourage women to go to school. The barrier can only be broken by strong women.

When more women are educated, there will be a larger force to demand for employment opportunities. These things does not happen overnight. So keep contributing.

My best wishes with you.



IamTruth's picture

Change takes courage

Dear Deqa:

It takes a lot of courage to challenge the status quo and take concrete action to make change. But you are doing just that. Your story is one of promise and hope, and I thank you for sharing it.

Keep on.



ikirimat's picture

Hello Deqa, The issue of low

Hello Deqa,

The issue of low self esteem that you have raised in your story is indeed a strong yet neglected barrier to education progress. It is also associated to culture and gender stereo types. society always thinks girls should only listen and not talk especially when the boys/men talks. It is even made worse if there are no role models for the girls to look up to.

I appreciate you involvement in mentoring the girls and instilling in them leadership qualities. Thank you the change we want begins with our actions.

Good luck in your efforts

Grace Ikirimat

"It takes the hammer of persistence to drive the nail of success."

innerdelight's picture


Hi Deqa,

What a wonderful role model and mentor you will be and probably already are for the young girls going through their challenges in a still male dominated schooling system!
You were blessed to be in a family which values education and that you had the support to pursue your studies. I can imagine that there are many girls not so fortunate and how they will be inspired by you sharing your story, how you were shy and how you overcame the fear of speaking up. And for those who did have a family encouraging them, to see how they, too, can overcome their fear of letting their voice be heard.

"However, in my opinion, the most challenging barrier that girls are facing in Somalia when it comes to education is lack of mentors that help them boost their self confidence and lack of role models they can look up to in the work field."

Your mum deserves an award and recognition for the power of a woman believing in her daughters! The power of one woman... rippling out through all her children... and all the people they will influence and inspire.
Thank you for being here and letting us share in your journey through your beautiful writing.

many joyful blessings,

Katalina's picture


Touching story. Thanks for sharing. Katalina

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

I am humbled by your sincere and kind comments. Thank you so much for reading my posts and leaving encouraging comments.

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