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Including Peace Education in Somalia's Curriculum!!! Sincere Peace-building Effort

Most of the university students in my community choose political science as their first choice, but settle for either public administration or business administration because of lack of availability for their preferred course. I interviewed many students and the reason they wanted to study political science was the apparent failure of the current political system. Somali youth realize the need for a change in the political system in order for them to have a chance at a better life with peace and good governance.
Peace and conflict resolution studies are very essential in the upbringing of today’s generation in Somalia. They grew up in a war zone and learnt from the surrounding environment that it’s okay to solve conflicts in violence and they don’t hesitate to resort to physical confrontation in any conflict. Post civil-war born generation grew up in a chaos and have not had the chance to actually experience a functioning government with a proper political system. The school system does not include conflict resolution education and the fighting and the never-ending war sends them the message that violence is normal.
I had a lengthy discussion about this matter with a friend of mine and we came to the conclusion that peace and conflict resolution studies should be included in the school curriculum. And we decided to collaborate in order to develop a curriculum for Peace and Conflict resolution studies to be used in schools. We are in the initial stages of compiling the materials needed. Fortunately, we were both born and raised in Somalia, and we know the complex Somali context and understand the dynamics of the situation in post civil-war Somalia. After the completion of the curriculum and the final draft is approved by the state government, it will be used initially in schools across Puntland. Afterwards, we plan to reach out to other regions such as Somaliland and South central to further disseminate it to all schools across the nation.
We both have a background in conflict resolution studies. Luckily, she is studying MSc in Conflict resolution and I always had a keen interest in the topic and have read so many books in the field. We want to focus on conflict resolution techniques such as conflict mediation, negotiations, and conflict transformation, as well as peace-keeping and peace building. We can incorporate case studies from the conflicts that occur in our country and educate the youth in better ways to handle and resolve these conflicts using the conflict resolution techniques. We want them to be able to prevent, reduce, and transform conflicts, and we want to help them learn how to recover from violent behaviour. Conflict resolution has its roots in every society and it can be used when customised to the specific context of the conflict situation, therefore, we believe it’s really essential for the younger generation of Somalia to be exposed to conflict resolution techniques and be able to avoid resorting to violence in solving conflicts. It's the first time this has been initiated by two women who have a wild ambition to create a peaceful Somalia. We surely welcome any comments and constructive criticism, as well as guidance from this awesome community.


chargerrose7's picture

Conflict resolution classes

That is a fabulous thing you have done. I've often thought that here in the USA we tend to forget to teach peace. With the Boston Marathon violence and all the school shootings and such that have happened recently the lack of ability of many people my age or younger , to handle conflict without violent measures shows. Your initiative is awesome. More of this should happen worldwide. Let me know if there is anything I can do to see if we could get a program started even an online program for our youth everywhere.


Deqa's picture


WOW this is great response. I am glad you believe in teaching peace as much as I do. I am so excited about this project and definitely would love and appreciate to have your support. I will share with you the materials and we can edit together to make it global.
This is what I am talking about when I say World Pulse is AWESOME.
I so look forward to working with you.


chargerrose7's picture

Conflict resolutions

Perfect! If you could email any materials to me ill look them over. And just text message me or email me and we will get this going somehow. Take it on too. I'm really looking forward to working with you.


loretta's picture


That's great, I see future female polititians in the making. I don't see anything wrong with introducing Conflict resolution Curricullum.

Incorporate that with Counselling, as it's not only conflict resolution they may be dealing with. I believe in such war zones that rape is rife and if so, there may have resulted births as well from the rape itself, hence I say incorporate counselling.

I applaude your efforts, they show bravity.


A successful woman is one who can build a firm foundation with the bricks others throw at her. Author Unkown.

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thanks for your input, I appreciate it. We will definitely incorporate counseling its a great suggestion. I look forward to receiving your guidance along this journey.

loretta's picture


Would love to help where ever I can.

God bless you.


A successful woman is one who can build a firm foundation with the bricks others throw at her. Author Unkown.

Phionah Musumba's picture


It is so inspiring to note that you have all that love for your country, as to engage a friend and fearlessly embark on a journey to fight for a better and improved syllabus for the schools there. Am wishing you the best, and hope I can learn a thing or two to incorporate in my own community. I hope I can help create awareness on the same, or in any way I can.
All the best,

Phionah Musumba
Founder/Executive Director
Malkia Foundation &
Centre for Disadvantaged Girls, Kenya
P.O Box 9461 - 00300,
Nairobi, Kenya
Facebook: Phionah Musumba
Twitter: @KenyaGals
LinkedIn: Phionah Musumba
Skype: phionah.anguzuzu.musumba

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thanks you so much for your kind and encouraging comments. I look up to you and many other courageous women here at World Pulse. I went through your blog and I am so much inspired by your work.
Wishing you great success in your endeavor. With our collective hard work and dedication the world will be transformed indeed.


Rahmana Karuna's picture


yes, i would love to see your final curriculum. difficult to get such items into usa classrooms. is self defense and self esteem coverred? awsomely articulate story. thank you.

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thanks for your input. Self defense is not really covered but self esteem is definitely big part of it. Our specific focus is on peaceful conflict resolution and transformation, so adding self defense to the equation will defeat the purpose. Our target is young people and denouncing violent behaviors of any kind.
Therefore, we are trying to reduce physical confrontation in the school area. Hoping that it would translate in reduced fighting in the community. Verbal conflict escalates to physical and erupts into a complete disaster in a matter of minutes, therefore, we want to teach those young kids to stand back and stop the immediate violent response. Again, our target is school children and they are conversant in self defense because from young age the environment teaches them bravery is responding with a fist when a person makes a distasteful remark at them. But self esteem is very important we are going to focus on it, thanks for the suggestion. I look forward to getting your feedback and to hear more from you along this journey.


radiocami's picture


It is so encouraging to hear about two brave women taking such bold steps to make a drastic change in the condition of their country, particularly in Somalia. I commend you for your bravery and determination. The type of change you and your peers are hoping for will not come from above, it will not come from the structures, political, educational or other, that are currently in place, so we can't wait for them to do it. They will only come from the new generations' creativity and from the women who are fed up with violence wanting to create something new and drastically different.
You are one of those change makers.
THe process is a long one so don't loose faith, for if you plant the seeds and they don't sprout, be sure that the next generation will be watering them and the fruits of your labor will be enjoyed.
Something that might help cement this process, and I agree with Loretta, is to include in the curriculum a class or section on inner peace, for without inner peace we cannot create outer peace. THis, along with counseling will bring much healing to your people and a sense of pride will develop which will extend to the whole country.
What do you think?

I would like to add this link, I hope you get a chance to view it, I think it will be enlightening and help your cause. Also, applicable to all interested in changing the educational system... It's in Spanish but has subtitles in English.

Or you can view it on Youtube at:

Thanks for posting your article!


valerie camila rhodes

Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thank you so much for your kind and encouraging remarks. I am truly humbled by your words and extremely overwhelmed by the amazing support provided over here at World Pulse and I appreciate the input. Counseling/self esteem would definitely be our focus in this journey. I look forward to receiving your feedback and guidance through this journey.

Gracious's picture

Bold step

Two great women indeed you are


Deqa's picture

Many Thanks

Thank you for taking the time to read my post and for your kind comments. I read through your journal and you sure are indeed a great woman too.


Therese kasindi's picture

Peace and conflict

Peace and conflict resolution, that's Good! Here at Bukavu, in DRCongo where I live, we have a master in Peace and Development, that was a good education which can help our society and that all youth could know in order to prevent conflict which around us as we are in the post conflict country. That's a good thing you have thought and which can help your country very much.

Courage my sister, we will do our best to change our world where men failed!

See you on line!

THERESE( Maman Shujaa, Drc)

shahd's picture

Anatomy of peace

Dear Deqa,

I have attending a lecture series one in Washington DC about "The Anatomy of Peace" please feel free to share any question with me or even on this group and I will be glad to share some of my ideas :)

good luck

ansupokharel's picture


I am really glad to know about such a wonderful task.
It is really encouraging.
Keep on your good works.

Anisha Pokharel

Vweta's picture


Hello Deqa,

This is a great project you are embarking on. the Importance of peace studies and conflict resolution in school curriculum can never be over emphasized.

I am a 300 level student of Peace Studies and Conflicts Resolution in the National Open University of Nigeria, i would be honored to provide support and assistance in anyway that i can.

Go girl, Go Go GO! We are with you on this.

Your Comrade,

Our Voices make the WORLD PULSate...

Chrisitina's picture

Hi Deqa, I like your writing

Hi Deqa, I like your writing and definitely what you do with your friend! I have high repect for women like you who have the skills and will to improve things in your community. Personally, I'm trying to learn sth about conflict settlement, but i also notice that not many schools have such courses and materials are quite limited. I'd be grateful if you could share some info with me. Also, do you mind elaborating more on conflict resolution methods used in non-violent social scenarios? Hope to learn more from you!

Kind regards,

Where there is a WILL, there is a WAY.

Brigitte Mawazo Kyalondawa's picture

je vous remercie

votre journal est bien claire
je vous encourage


Walaa Salah's picture

Somalia needs women like you

Thank you very much Dega for many things:
the well written article
the positive thoughts
and of course the inspiration

I agree that this should be global work, the Horn of Africa as a region needs more women like you, it needs more initiatives like yours!

I am glad that the government is willing to accept such a proposal this is a step forward

keep the good work up dear



be the change

Walaa Salah

Lea's picture


Dear Deqa,
Once again you have amazed me with your courage and your desire to make a difference in Somalia. I think it's a wonderful idea that you decide to embark on this journey of bringing change to a society that has experience war, conflict, death, despair....Women like you who are willing to take a risk and to encourage dialog through mediation and conflict resolution techniques should receive our support.
As radiocami said, quite rightly, this type of process takes time and patience, so, don't give up if you feel that you haven't made progress. Your efforts are not in vain; you will have touched the lives of many by offering them an alternative to war and hatred.
It's so important for the younger generations to be educated in peace and conflict resolution, so, that they themselves can impart their knowledge to others and gradually put an end to this ongoing violence.
I commend you for your dedication and would also be happy to help you with brainstorming ideas for your curriculum.
Fantastic job!

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