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Rights and status of women

It is not enough to pass laws, but they should still soent applied. The struggle of African women is primarily in the legal field, including employment. Indeed, the women realize they have good credentials, they are not always able to highlight them. In addition, men are always the priority labor market and the majority in the national and international institutions. Unemployment and part-time working women back. It should be noted also, the non-recognition of qualifications of migrant women who find themselves in the care and services despite their high qualifications.
Gender in social sciences and humanities
However, given the social transformations that occurred in the late twentieth century, Marie-Dominique Savané notes that the genre has become one of the major issues that cross the humanities and social sciences. Indeed, what we are interested in school, employment, immigration, family, health, history, pensions or other social problems, gender is one of the essential knowledge, an indispensable tool for understanding the social world.
We can no longer separate the working time of time off work, the boundary between the private and the professional sphere has become porous. One can also consider more women earn wages as a simple booster, the concept of head of household conveying design androcentric household. Voting rights and parity, the spectacular growth of the occupation and the breakthrough of schooling female conquests are real, even if they remain, for the time, unfinished in Africa.
the concept of "type" has changed the social landscape (scientific, political, etc..) And triggered a mutation in the organization of society. The woman takes more place in the conduct of the company. The "gender variable" is not contingent but necessary.
Evolution or stagnation of gender relations?

Beyond the status and role of women in society, these changes have seriously affected the relations between men and women. They have, so far, really started male domination? They have managed to build the foundations of equality of the sexes? No simple answer is possible. We live in an era that paradoxes and contradictions that deserve our attention.
More women are educated, active, employed, unemployed but also more of precarious employment and poor;

- Legislation on equal opportunities have multiplied, but resorption disparities careers and stagnant wage differentials.

- Even perplexity on the place of "second sex" in politics:

women - belatedly - won the right to vote in Africa, but in spite of parity laws, very few are elected.

- What about the long-ignored persistence of violence against women, female genital mutilation, what about the moral and sexual harassment?

- Familial forms have diversified couple relationships have evolved, but the female monopoly on domestic work and poverty remains stable and imperturbable.
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Hence the questions that still persist 35 years after

Voting rights of women parity laws, how has the participation of women in politics?

What is the role of women in political parties, trade unions and social movements?

Why women are not they more solidarity in practice?

How public policies they deal with women's employment?

Gender and Power

All these questions suggest watermark, a pluralistic reflection on the relationship between power and gender. They put into perspective a number of issues that are controversial (prostitution, diversity, immigration, the relationship between work / family) or emergent themes (gender, globalization and development, artistic, cultural practices).

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Comments

surfgirl-CA's picture

bonjour, messieur!

hello, nchekoua1 - Really nice to see a male applicant!
Yes, the legal issues are crucial, but it seems that culture & the culture of governing interact w/ the legal protections women would like to have. With a strong legal system, legal change can drive cultural change -- as it has in the U.S. re. rights of AfricanAmericans, gays, women, workers, children, etc. But if a nation has a corrupt or chaotic governing system, it seems that legal protections just do not get enforced. It's chicken-and-egg conundrum, as we say in English.

bonjour, nchekoua1 - Vraiment sympa de voir un candidat masculin!
Oui, les questions juridiques sont indispensables, mais il semble que la culture et la culture de gouverner interagir w / protections juridiques des femmes aimeraient avoir. Avec un système juridique solide, le changement juridique peut conduire le changement culturel - comme il l'a dans la ré États-Unis. droits des AfricanAmericans, les homosexuels, les femmes, les travailleurs, les enfants, etc Mais si un pays a un système corrompu ou chaotique au pouvoir, il semble que les protections juridiques n'ont tout simplement pas se exécutée. C'est la poule et de l'oeuf casse-tête, comme on dit en anglais.

surfgirl-CA --
When we come from the willingness to love, not fear, we will see the best and highest materialize in our world.
Quand nous venons à partir de la volonté à l'amour, pas la peur, nous allons voir le meilleur et le plus élevé se matérialise

Woman of voice's picture

Women

I appreciate that women have always been marginalised in terms of social and economical spheres. It is sad that there are still countries who would stone a woman at the rumour of infidelity. Luckily in my country things have drastically changed. Women now have influence in the economic, political and social sectors. All is not lost. And with programmes like this one, more is left to be desired and accomplished

Sophie's picture

Past the laws

I agree with your post, it needs to go beyond the laws. The social, cultural barriers ingrained in patriarchy the flawed masculinity are all at play hence need to engage more in addressing the challenges women face beyond legislation. Laws are a good place to start, very critical but more action needed to follow up this. In Kenya for example we passed a very progressive constitution, it guarantees women's rights for example in simple aspects like freedom. however we are having case of women being violated by undressing in public.

Sophie Ngugi
Child of the Universe -www.sophiengugi.blogspot.com

flaviakyomukama's picture

Build girls repair women

I continue to reiterate the topic build girls, if girls lack the confidence to take on the men its remains a snag. its even surprising that in a country like mine, women are majority voters, but will always if its nomination is they nominate men and always decampaign fellow women on shallow issues even to say i cant vote a woman she is incapable and a bad leaders. we are enemies of our own. if only we were to strategise and join hands we would acatulally have the highest number of representatives. the other ssues is lack of confidence, in many meetings where a woman is nominated many opt to step down for men, i have tried toraise it and in many of the communities i work with i have made affirmative action a case to give priority and many times i ask for equal representation. 2 to 2, 10 -10 and it has worked. we in positions of influence we should look at the qualities of our peers and place them in the right places otherwise we satan to lose if we place them wrongly and given the double standards in evaluation of women performance that often leaves/shows them as incompetent yet we know women are as good as men. the confidence must be build at lower levels so that women are them able to meet the challenge with full force and assertiveness

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