Rights and status of women
It is not enough to pass laws, but they should still soent applied. The struggle of African women is primarily in the legal field, including employment. Indeed, the women realize they have good credentials, they are not always able to highlight them. In addition, men are always the priority labor market and the majority in the national and international institutions. Unemployment and part-time working women back. It should be noted also, the non-recognition of qualifications of migrant women who find themselves in the care and services despite their high qualifications.
Gender in social sciences and humanities
However, given the social transformations that occurred in the late twentieth century, Marie-Dominique Savané notes that the genre has become one of the major issues that cross the humanities and social sciences. Indeed, what we are interested in school, employment, immigration, family, health, history, pensions or other social problems, gender is one of the essential knowledge, an indispensable tool for understanding the social world.
We can no longer separate the working time of time off work, the boundary between the private and the professional sphere has become porous. One can also consider more women earn wages as a simple booster, the concept of head of household conveying design androcentric household. Voting rights and parity, the spectacular growth of the occupation and the breakthrough of schooling female conquests are real, even if they remain, for the time, unfinished in Africa.
the concept of "type" has changed the social landscape (scientific, political, etc..) And triggered a mutation in the organization of society. The woman takes more place in the conduct of the company. The "gender variable" is not contingent but necessary.
Evolution or stagnation of gender relations?
Beyond the status and role of women in society, these changes have seriously affected the relations between men and women. They have, so far, really started male domination? They have managed to build the foundations of equality of the sexes? No simple answer is possible. We live in an era that paradoxes and contradictions that deserve our attention.
More women are educated, active, employed, unemployed but also more of precarious employment and poor;
- Legislation on equal opportunities have multiplied, but resorption disparities careers and stagnant wage differentials.
- Even perplexity on the place of "second sex" in politics:
women - belatedly - won the right to vote in Africa, but in spite of parity laws, very few are elected.
- What about the long-ignored persistence of violence against women, female genital mutilation, what about the moral and sexual harassment?
- Familial forms have diversified couple relationships have evolved, but the female monopoly on domestic work and poverty remains stable and imperturbable.
Hence the questions that still persist 35 years after
Voting rights of women parity laws, how has the participation of women in politics?
What is the role of women in political parties, trade unions and social movements?
Why women are not they more solidarity in practice?
How public policies they deal with women's employment?
Gender and Power
All these questions suggest watermark, a pluralistic reflection on the relationship between power and gender. They put into perspective a number of issues that are controversial (prostitution, diversity, immigration, the relationship between work / family) or emergent themes (gender, globalization and development, artistic, cultural practices).