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QUEL ROLE QUE DOIT JOUER LA FEMME CONGOLAISE UJOURD'HUI?

NGABO asbl
ASSOCIATION FEMININE POUR LA DEFENSE DES DROITS HUMAINS ET DE DEVELOPPEMENT
E-mail :brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel : +243 997280029, +243 859364063
BUKAVU/R.D.CONGO

LE ROLE DE LA FEMME DANS LES ZONES EN CONFLIT

L’organisation des nations unies accorde toujours plus d’attention à la violence faite à l’égard de la femme comprise comme une forme de discrimination et une violation des droits fondamentaux des femmes. Elle s’engage à protéger les droits et la dignité des particuliers hommes et femmes via des nombreux traités et déclarations. Les droits des femmes font certes objet d’une plus grande attention mais la violence faite contre la femme n’a que peu baissée.
Notre pays la R.D.Congo s’est toujours engagé à signer des accords de paix manifestant ainsi la volonté de réduire les cas de violation des droits humains et ceux des femmes en particulier. Curieusement, certains de ces accords de paix consistent à amnistier, promouvoir en grade, élever en dignité quelques présumés auteurs des crimes. De ce fait, les rebellions deviennent un tremplin, un levier de vitesse sur lequel on appuie pour revendiquer des postes, grades, ou bien un outre droit prive au gouvernement. Dans toutes les zones en conflit se sont des femmes qui sont violées, des enfants recrutés au sein des groupes armes, des biens pillés…appauvrissant et endeuillant sans pitié la population locale.
Les organisations de la société civile, les ONG internationales sont plus qu’avant actives sur terrain avec des agendas remplis des théories qui visent à lutter contre la violence faite à la femme. Néanmoins l’impact de leurs actions sur terrain n’est pas encore considérable. D’après les résultats de nos enquêtes de terrain, nous avons constaté que :
 Des nombreuses violations des droits des femmes et des enfants sont enregistrées dans les zones en conflit armés.
 Plus de quatre-vingt pour cent de cas de violences sexuels commis à l’égard des femmes dans les zones en conflits armés ne sont pas pris en charge.
 La grande majorité des cas de violences commises contre les femmes et filles sont encouragés par les coutumes et mœurs les religions...
 Plus de la moitié des femmes n’ont pas une connaissance approfondie de leurs droits.
 L’impunité, l’arrangement à l’amiable, le favoritisme, la corruption, le trafic d’influence sont des systèmes d’arbitrage judiciaires par les quelles bon nombre de cas de violences sexuelles sont traitées dans la plus part de ces villages.
 Bon nombre des femmes sont des victimes passives de l’analphabétisme, la pauvreté, le VIH/SIDA, les naissances indésirables, les mariages précoces, les mariages par rapt, la servitude.
 La déscolarisation des filles par rapport aux garçons, les enfants soldats, la pauvreté… sont très palpables.
Ci-après la cartographie des groupes armes du Sud-Kivu seulement :

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GROUPE ARME RESPONSABLE TERRITOIRE LOCALITÉ GROUPE TRIBAL
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Raiya Mutomboki / Mosombo Shabunda Matala Warega et batali
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Raiya Mukombozi/ ? Shabunda Matili Warega
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gumino /Col.Tawimbi Haut-plateaux de Fizi,Mwenga,Uvira Kajembwe Banyamulenge
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Shikito /Maj.Aimé Mwinyi Fizi Kilembwe Wabembe
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai / Col.Mulumba Fizi Kagembe Wabembe
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Bishambuke /Col.Shoshi Fizi Milimba/Karumyo Banyindu
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Alleluia / Col. Yakotumba Fizi Nganja Wabembe
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai /Col.Mupekenya Uvira Magunda Bambuti/Pygmées
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FDLR/Interahamwe ? Uvira,Mwenga,Fizi,Kalehe,Shabunda Utus Rwandais
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Col.Kashologoz/i Uvira Kajembwe Bafuliru
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Mushombe/ Uvira Bijombo Bafuliru
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Ponda/ Uvira Muranvia Banyindu
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Pandisha/ Uvira Nkango Bavira
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Nyakaliba/ Mwenga Mibunda Wabembe
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FDLR/Interahamwe /- Mwenga Foret d’Itombwe Rwandais
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FNL/Burundais -/ Mwenga Foret d’Itombwe Burundais
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Mai Col.AOCHI /Mwenga Kipupu Wabembe
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Disssidants FARDC/ Col.Kahasha Walungu Mulume munene Bashi et autres
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FDLR /Interahamwe / ? Kalehe Parc de Kahuzi Rwandais
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
M23 /Col. Senanda Uvira Muranvia Banyamulenge
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dissident FARDC/ Col.Abedi Uvira Lemera Bafuliru
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mai-Ma Nyantura/ ????? Kalehe ?????? Batembo
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tous ces hommes armés revendiquent le pouvoir en sacrifiant les femmes et les enfants. C’est pourquoi notre grand engament serait de militer pour la paix et la sécurité dans notre pays.
La violence faite à la femme et fille a des répercussions graves sur l’économie Africaine. La grande majorité des familles africaines vivent de l’agriculture l’élevage, la pèche, l’extraction minière en système traditionnels. Dans ce système traditionnel, la femme est considérée comme une main d’œuvre, un chien de chasse, ayant plus des devoirs que des droits.
L’économie domestique est basée sur ses efforts qui sont partagés entre le devoir naturel de la maternité et celui de lutte pour la survie de la famille. De ce fait, la femme Africaine est plus submergée, engouffrée des taches familiales par rapport à son pair masculin. La violence faite à l’égard des femmes appauvrit les familles et communautés Africaines. L’équilibre Homme-femme dans le secteur de production économique serait un moyen de lutte contre la pauvreté.
L’analyse faite de ces données d’enquête nous pousse à déterminer le rôle que doit jouer la femme congolaise en vue de réduire les taux des crimes dont elle est victime. Elle est invitée :
 A prendre conscience de sa situation de victime en vue de lutter pour sa libération.
 A dénoncer les crimes commis contre elles quel que soit le prix à payer.
 A agir directement ensemble contre ces crimes.
 A se prendre en charge pour une autonomisation économique.
 A Aimer le travail manuel et intellectuel.
 A refuser toute manipulation politicienne.
 A aller au secours des femmes et filles rurales.
 A refuser toute complicité dans le détournement des fonds.
 A s’exprimer librement sans se sous-estimer.
 Elle doit chercher à connaitre ses droits et les revendiquer.
Les femmes de la R. D. Congo devraient ainsi se rendre compte que les hommes ne tiennent pas compte de nos difficultés lorsqu’ils cherchent le pouvoir. Évitons d’être leurs escaliers.
En attache vous trouverez le texte original de ce message

Pour NGABO asbl
Mme BRIGITTE MAWAZO
Coordinatrice

English translation by PulseWire member ngalula

What's the Role of Congolese Women Today?

Ngabo asbl
WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT
E-mail: brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel: +243 997280029, +243 859364063
BUKAVU / R.D.CONGO

THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN CONFLICT AREAS

The united nations always give more attention to violence towards women as a form of discrimination and a violation of women's human rights. It is committed to protect the rights and dignity of individuals both men and women via numerous treaties and declarations. Women's rights are certainly receiving more attention but violence against women is only slightly decreasing.
Our country, DR Congo, has always been committed to sign peace agreements as an attempt to reduce violations of human rights and those of women in particular. Curiously enough, some of these peace agreements included amnesties, promote in rank and dignity some alleged perpetrators. Therefore, rebellions become a springboard shifter that is pumped to demand jobs, grades, or a private law also to the government. In all areas of conflict there are women who are raped, children recruited into armed groups, looted goods and depleting ... attacking ruthlessly the local population.
Organizations of civil society, international NGOs are more active than before with diaries filled with theories that aim to fight against violence against women. Nevertheless, the impact of their actions on the field is not yet significant. According to the results of our fieldwork, we found that:
 Numerous violations of the rights of women and children are happening in armed conflict zones.
 More than eighty percent of cases of sexual violence committed against women in armed conflict zones are not reported.
 The majority of cases of violence against women and girls are encouraged by customs, manners and religions
 More than half of women do not have a real knowledge of their rights.
 The impunity, amicable settlement, favoritism, corruption, influence peddling are systems of arbitration court by which many cases of sexual violence are treated in most of these villages .
 Many women are passive victims of illiteracy, poverty, HIV / AIDS, unwanted births, early marriage, marriage by abduction, bondage.
 The schooling of girls compared to boys, child soldiers, poverty ... are very palpable.
Below is a map of armed groups in South Kivu only:

TERRITORY MANAGER COMMUNITY GROUPS ARMED GROUPS TRIBAL

Raiya Mutomboki / Mosombo Shabunda Matala and Warega batali

Raiya Mukombozi /? Shabunda Matili Warega

Gumino / Col.Tawimbi High plateaus Fizi, Mwenga, Uvira Kajembwe Banyamulenge

May-May Shikito / Maj.Aimé Mwinyi Fizi Kilembwe Wabembe

May to May / Fizi Col.Mulumba Kagembe Wabembe

May-May Bishambuke / Fizi Col.Shoshi Milimba / Karumyo Banyindu

May-May Alleluia / Col. Yakotumba Fizi Nganja Wabembe

May to May / Uvira Col.Mupekenya Magunda Bambuti / Pygmies

FDLR / Interahamwe? Uvira, Mwenga, Fizi, Kalehe Shabunda Utus Rwanda

May-May Col.Kashologoz / i Uvira Kajembwe Bafuliru

May-May Mushombe / Uvira Bijombo Bafuliru

May-May Ponda / Uvira Muranvia Banyindu

May-May Pandisha / Uvira Nkango Bavira

May-May Nyakaliba / Mwenga Mibunda Wabembe

FDLR / Interahamwe / - Mwenga Foret Itombwe Rwanda

FNL / Burundi - / Mwenga Foret Itombwe Burundi

May-May Col.AOCHI / Mwenga Kipupu Wabembe

Disssidants FARDC / Col.Kahasha Walungu Mulume Munene Bashi and other

FDLR / Interahamwe /? Kalehe Kahuzi Rwanda

M23 / Col. Senanda Uvira Muranvia Banyamulenge

Dissident FARDC / Uvira Col.Abedi Lemera Bafuliru

May-My Nyantura /????? Kalehe?????? Batembo

All these armed men are claiming power by sacrificing women and children. This is why our great engagement would advocate for peace and security in our country.
Violence against women and the girl has a serious impact on the African economy. The vast majority of African families living from agriculture farming, fishing, mining in traditional system. In the traditional system, the woman is considered a labor, a hunting dog, with more duties than rights.
The domestic economy is based on efforts that are shared between the natural duty of motherhood and the struggle for survival of the family. Therefore, the African woman is submerged, engulfed into family duties compared to her peer male. Violence against women impoverishes families and African communities. Male-female balance in the economic production would be a way to fight against poverty.

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ngalula's picture

What's the Role of Congolese Women Today?

Ngabo asbl
WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT
E-mail: brigittemawazo@gmail.com
Tel: +243 997280029, +243 859364063
BUKAVU / R.D.CONGO

THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN CONFLICT AREAS

The united nations always give more attention to violence towards women as a form of discrimination and a violation of women's human rights. It is committed to protect the rights and dignity of individuals both men and women via numerous treaties and declarations. Women's rights are certainly receiving more attention but violence against women is only slightly decreasing.
Our country, DR Congo, has always been committed to sign peace agreements as an attempt to reduce violations of human rights and those of women in particular. Curiously enough, some of these peace agreements included amnesties, promote in rank and dignity some alleged perpetrators. Therefore, rebellions become a springboard shifter that is pumped to demand jobs, grades, or a private law also to the government. In all areas of conflict there are women who are raped, children recruited into armed groups, looted goods and depleting ... attacking ruthlessly the local population.
Organizations of civil society, international NGOs are more active than before with diaries filled with theories that aim to fight against violence against women. Nevertheless, the impact of their actions on the field is not yet significant. According to the results of our fieldwork, we found that:
 Numerous violations of the rights of women and children are happening in armed conflict zones.
 More than eighty percent of cases of sexual violence committed against women in armed conflict zones are not reported.
 The majority of cases of violence against women and girls are encouraged by customs, manners and religions
 More than half of women do not have a real knowledge of their rights.
 The impunity, amicable settlement, favoritism, corruption, influence peddling are systems of arbitration court by which many cases of sexual violence are treated in most of these villages .
 Many women are passive victims of illiteracy, poverty, HIV / AIDS, unwanted births, early marriage, marriage by abduction, bondage.
 The schooling of girls compared to boys, child soldiers, poverty ... are very palpable.
Below is a map of armed groups in South Kivu only:

TERRITORY MANAGER COMMUNITY GROUPS ARMED GROUPS TRIBAL

Raiya Mutomboki / Mosombo Shabunda Matala and Warega batali

Raiya Mukombozi /? Shabunda Matili Warega

Gumino / Col.Tawimbi High plateaus Fizi, Mwenga, Uvira Kajembwe Banyamulenge

May-May Shikito / Maj.Aimé Mwinyi Fizi Kilembwe Wabembe

May to May / Fizi Col.Mulumba Kagembe Wabembe

May-May Bishambuke / Fizi Col.Shoshi Milimba / Karumyo Banyindu

May-May Alleluia / Col. Yakotumba Fizi Nganja Wabembe

May to May / Uvira Col.Mupekenya Magunda Bambuti / Pygmies

FDLR / Interahamwe? Uvira, Mwenga, Fizi, Kalehe Shabunda Utus Rwanda

May-May Col.Kashologoz / i Uvira Kajembwe Bafuliru

May-May Mushombe / Uvira Bijombo Bafuliru

May-May Ponda / Uvira Muranvia Banyindu

May-May Pandisha / Uvira Nkango Bavira

May-May Nyakaliba / Mwenga Mibunda Wabembe

FDLR / Interahamwe / - Mwenga Foret Itombwe Rwanda

FNL / Burundi - / Mwenga Foret Itombwe Burundi

May-May Col.AOCHI / Mwenga Kipupu Wabembe

Disssidants FARDC / Col.Kahasha Walungu Mulume Munene Bashi and other

FDLR / Interahamwe /? Kalehe Kahuzi Rwanda

M23 / Col. Senanda Uvira Muranvia Banyamulenge

Dissident FARDC / Uvira Col.Abedi Lemera Bafuliru

May-My Nyantura /????? Kalehe?????? Batembo

All these armed men are claiming power by sacrificing women and children. This is why our great engagement would advocate for peace and security in our country.
Violence against women and the girl has a serious impact on the African economy. The vast majority of African families living from agriculture farming, fishing, mining in traditional system. In the traditional system, the woman is considered a labor, a hunting dog, with more duties than rights.
The domestic economy is based on efforts that are shared between the natural duty of motherhood and the struggle for survival of the family. Therefore, the African woman is submerged, engulfed into family duties compared to her peer male. Violence against women impoverishes families and African communities. Male-female balance in the economic production would be a way to fight against poverty.

:: Beatrice Ngalula Kabutakapua
:: Foreign Correspondent || Researcher
:: Blog: www.balobeshayi.com
:: Skype: beka.trixie
:: Twitter: @Kabutakapua

Brigitte Mawazo Kyalondawa's picture

merci

bonjour
je vous remercie de m;avoir aide a traduire mon journal
merci
Brigitte

BRIGITTE MAWAZO

ngalula's picture

Bonjour Brigitte, Merci

Bonjour Brigitte,
Merci beacoup a toi de l'écrire!

Bea

:: Beatrice Ngalula Kabutakapua
:: Foreign Correspondent || Researcher
:: Blog: www.balobeshayi.com
:: Skype: beka.trixie
:: Twitter: @Kabutakapua

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