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PEACE AND SECURITY/L'OCCUPATION DE GOMA PAR LES MILICES M23: QUELLES CONSEQUENCES ?

Depuis l'occupation de la ville de GOMA, chef-lieu de la province du Nord -Kivu en date du 20/11/2O12 par les milices du M23, plusieurs conséquences se font enregistrer, et ce dans plusieurs secteurs de la vie.
1. Du point de vue Humanitaire : Plusieurs sources, notamment les ONGs tant nationales qu'internationales confirment la marrée humaine dans le camp de Mugunga y compris celui de Kanyaruchinya et notamment d'autres sites tels que lac vert...
-Ces déplacés internes vivent dans des conditions déplorables, faute de l'aide humanitaire. Ils sont dépourvus d'eau potable suite à l'endommagement des câbles électriques pouvant pomper l'eau des installations de la Regideso; entreprise chargée de la distribution d'eau potable. Pas des latrines ou des installations hygiéniques; Plusieurs femmes et leurs enfants passent la nuit à la belle étoile, et sont exposés aux multiples intempéries.
N.B Si la situation ne s'améliore d'eau, il y a lieu de craindre une éclosion de plusieurs épidémies et autres maladies suite à la carence d'eau potable et à l'insalubrité de leurs cadre de vie.
-Nombreux cas de famine sont observés
-Plusieurs personnes blessées durant les affrontements sont dépourvues des soins, certaines succombent de leurs blessures.
-La ville tout entière contient des cadavres des militaires ayant été touchés par des balles mais jusqu'ici, ces corps ne sont pas encore enterrés. La croix-rouge sollicite la sécurité de ses unités pouvant faire les activités humanitaires, nous ne savons pas encore quelle est la suite qui leur a été réservée par les nouveaux gestionnaire de la ville de Goma. Ici, la putréfaction des corps en décomposition risque de causer la pollution sous toute ses formes.
2.Du point de Vue économique :
-Le pillage des boutiques et magasins a été observé dans la ville y compris dans la cité de Minova, avec comme conséquence la rareté des produits consommables et la montée des prix pour ceux qui pouvaient encore avoir quelques articles.
-Cette même rareté des produits commence à s'observer en province voisine du Sud-Kivu où les produits qui y sont consommés proviennent pour la plupart du nord-Kivu, particulièrement à Goma et Beni, ou à Butembo
-Certaines entreprises minières exploitants les produits miniers en province du Sud-Kivu, observe déjà la chute de la production et au niveau de leurs bourses, tel est le cas de l'entreprise canadienne Banro maining.
3. D'autres conséquences liées aux pillages des ressources naturelles sont à déplorer, lorsque l"on sait que le Parc National de Virunga contenait des gorilles des plaines, lesquels constituent des espèces endémiques pour la RDC.
Ce site qui fait partie des sites du patrimoine mondial en danger contient du pétrole ainsi que d'autres produits miniers. La pêche illicite y était déclarée plus ou moins 2 semaines avant ces atrocités.
4.Du point de vue sécuritaire
-Plusieurs cas d'homicide étaient signalés avant ces évenements. Nous craignons qu'avec la situation actuelle, les populations civiles ne puissent continuer faire constamment l'objet des massacres, des viols des femmes et filles, y compris des enlevèments.
RECOMMANDATIONS :
-Les évêques membres de la CEAC et de la Caritas s'étant réunies; parmi eux, 54évêques et 34 archevêques ont à leur niveau demandé à la communauté internationale de privilégier un dialogue sincère en vue de voir mettre fin à la souffrance des populations de l'Est de la RDC, longtemps meurtrie.
-Ils ont fustigés le pillage éhonté des ressources naturelles de la RDC qui constitue la cause primordiale de toutes ces guerres fratricides.
-Le conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies est prié de revoir le mandat de la Monusco pour lui permettre de faire face à la présence de la multiplicité des milices dans son rayon d'intervention
-Les sanctions de tous les pays agresseurs doivent se poursuivre et d'une manière consistante
-L'ordre doit être donné par le conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies demandant à toutes les milices du M23 de quitter la zone dans toute urgence
-Au niveau interne, le gouvernement congolais doit tout mettre à l'oeuvre pour sécuriser sa population;
-Des sanctions y compris des poursuites judiciaires à l'égard des responsables qui n'ont pas sû sécuriser la population doivent être envisagées.
-La restructuration de l'armée reste très urgente
Au niveau de la CIRGL
-Faire respecter la souveraineté de chaque pays
-Les instruments juridiques régissant cette structure devront être mis d'application; notamment les sanctions en cas de non respect des clauses.
-Les viols devront être pris comme crime de guerre et leurs auteurs sévèrement sanctionnés.
-Préconiser des dispositifs pour la justice et réparation des victimes.
-

English translation by PulseWire member ngalula

Since the occupation of the city of Goma, capital of North Kivu province on 20/11/2O12 by the M23, several consequences are recorded, and in many areas of life.
1. Humanitarian point of view: Several sources, including national and international NGOs confirm the human tide Mugunga camp including the Kanyaruchinya including other sites such as Green Lake ...
-These internally displaced people live in poor conditions, lack of humanitarian aid. They are deprived of drinking water due to damage to electrical cables that can pump water facilities Regideso; company responsible for the distribution of drinking water. There are no latrines or sanitary facilities; Many women and their children spend the night under the stars, and are exposed to multiple elements.
NB If the water situation does not improve, there is reason to fear an outbreak of several epidemics and other diseases due to the lack of drinking water and unsanitary conditions of their environment.
-Many cases of famine are observed
-Several people who were injured during the clashes have no care, some succumb to their injuries.
-The whole city contains the corpses of soldiers who were hit by bullets, but so far, these bodies are not buried yet. The Red Cross seeks the safety of its units to the humanitarian activities and we do not yet know what are the solutions thought by the new manager of the city of Goma. Here putrefaction of rotting bodies could cause pollution in all its forms.
2. Economic point of view
-The looting of shops and stores was observed in the city including the city of Minova, with the consequent scarcity of consumable products and higher prices for those who might still have a few items.
-The same scarcity of products begins to be observed in the neighboring province of South Kivu, where the products consumed mostly come from North Kivu, particularly in Goma and Beni, Butembo.
Some mining companies-operators of mining products in the South Kivu province, are already seeing the collapse of production and the level of their scholarship, as is the case with the Canadian company Banro mining.
3. Other consequences of the looting of natural resources are to be deplored, when we for example know that the Virunga National Park contained lowland gorillas, which are endemic to the DRC.
This site is part of the World Heritage sites in danger and contains oil and other mineral products. It was declared there was more or less 2 weeks before these atrocities.
4.Security perspective
-Several cases of homicide were reported prior to these events. We are concerned with the current situation, the civilian population may continue to be subjects constantly to massacres, rapes of women and girls, including kidnapping.
RECOMMENDATIONS:
The bishops-ECAC and Caritas met, among them there were 34 archbishops and 54 bishops at their level and who asked the international community to focus on a sincere dialogue to end the suffering of the people of eastern DRC.
-They castigated the shameless plundering of natural resources of the DRC, which is the primary cause of these wars.
-The Security Council of the United Nations is requested to review the mandate of MONUSCO to enable it to cope with the presence of multiple militias in its scope of intervention; sanctions-all aggressor nations must continue and in a consistent manner
-The order must be given by the Security Council of the United Nations calling for all militias to leave the M23 area urgently
-Internally, the Congolese government must make every effort to secure the population;
Sanctions-including lawsuits against officials who have not secured the population should be considered.
-The restructuring of the army is very urgent
At the ICGLR
-To respect the sovereignty of each country
-The legal instruments governing this structure will be applicable; including sanctions for non-compliance with clauses.
-Rape should be taken as a war crime and the perpetrators severely punished.
Advocate-devices for justice and reparation for victims.

This story was written for World Pulse’s Ending Violence Against Women Digital Action Campaign.

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Comments

Lea's picture

Merci

Chère Madeleine,
Merci beaucoup pour ce rapport terrifiant sur la situation actuelle en RDC. Je suis horrifiée par l'atrocité des crimes commis par les milices M23 qui désignés comme étant des rebelles dans la presse occidentale. Malheureusement, très peu d'informations sur les causes de cette crise humanitaire sont révélées dans les médias. J'espère que toutes vos recommandations seront prises en compte et transmises à l'ONU.
Merci!
Léa

MADELEINE BWENGE's picture

Merci

Merci infiniment ma chère Lea pour avoir exploité urgemment ce rapport. Vous êtes horrifiée par l'atrocité des crimes commis par ces gens là à Goma, mais ce que nous observons partout à l'Est dépasse tout entendement, de manière que nous nous sentons débordées et dépassées par les évenements. C'est ainsi que la presse à tout les niveaux peut vous en parler, mais les vraies causes ne vous seront jamais révélées lorsque l'on sait surtout qu'il existent des causes à l'interne tout comme à l'externe, sans écarter la complicité des certains états.
Nous déplorons ce manque d'humanisme qui consiste à massacrer inutilement les inocents pour des intérêts non avoués. Nous vous encourageons à transmettre à l'ONU nos recommandations et notamment de faire observer que les violences faites aux femmes ne pourront jamais cesser tant qu'on aura toujours à privilégier la guerre et l'inégalité des Droits. Notons que cette nouvelle crise vient de hausser de nouveaux cas des viols dans cette partie de la RDC. C'est très choquant, il suffit d'être sur place pour vous rendre compte de notre douleur.

ngalula's picture

TRANSLATION

Since the occupation of the city of Goma, capital of North Kivu province on 20/11/2O12 by the M23, several consequences are recorded, and in many areas of life.
1. Humanitarian point of view: Several sources, including national and international NGOs confirm the human tide Mugunga camp including the Kanyaruchinya including other sites such as Green Lake ...
-These internally displaced people live in poor conditions, lack of humanitarian aid. They are deprived of drinking water due to damage to electrical cables that can pump water facilities Regideso; company responsible for the distribution of drinking water. There are no latrines or sanitary facilities; Many women and their children spend the night under the stars, and are exposed to multiple elements.
NB If the water situation does not improve, there is reason to fear an outbreak of several epidemics and other diseases due to the lack of drinking water and unsanitary conditions of their environment.
-Many cases of famine are observed
-Several people who were injured during the clashes have no care, some succumb to their injuries.
-The whole city contains the corpses of soldiers who were hit by bullets, but so far, these bodies are not buried yet. The Red Cross seeks the safety of its units to the humanitarian activities and we do not yet know what are the solutions thought by the new manager of the city of Goma. Here putrefaction of rotting bodies could cause pollution in all its forms.
2. Economic point of view
-The looting of shops and stores was observed in the city including the city of Minova, with the consequent scarcity of consumable products and higher prices for those who might still have a few items.
-The same scarcity of products begins to be observed in the neighboring province of South Kivu, where the products consumed mostly come from North Kivu, particularly in Goma and Beni, Butembo.
Some mining companies-operators of mining products in the South Kivu province, are already seeing the collapse of production and the level of their scholarship, as is the case with the Canadian company Banro mining.
3. Other consequences of the looting of natural resources are to be deplored, when we for example know that the Virunga National Park contained lowland gorillas, which are endemic to the DRC.
This site is part of the World Heritage sites in danger and contains oil and other mineral products. It was declared there was more or less 2 weeks before these atrocities.
4.Security perspective
-Several cases of homicide were reported prior to these events. We are concerned with the current situation, the civilian population may continue to be subjects constantly to massacres, rapes of women and girls, including kidnapping.
RECOMMENDATIONS:
The bishops-ECAC and Caritas met, among them there were 34 archbishops and 54 bishops at their level and who asked the international community to focus on a sincere dialogue to end the suffering of the people of eastern DRC.
-They castigated the shameless plundering of natural resources of the DRC, which is the primary cause of these wars.
-The Security Council of the United Nations is requested to review the mandate of MONUSCO to enable it to cope with the presence of multiple militias in its scope of intervention; sanctions-all aggressor nations must continue and in a consistent manner
-The order must be given by the Security Council of the United Nations calling for all militias to leave the M23 area urgently
-Internally, the Congolese government must make every effort to secure the population;
Sanctions-including lawsuits against officials who have not secured the population should be considered.
-The restructuring of the army is very urgent
At the ICGLR
-To respect the sovereignty of each country
-The legal instruments governing this structure will be applicable; including sanctions for non-compliance with clauses.
-Rape should be taken as a war crime and the perpetrators severely punished.
Advocate-devices for justice and reparation for victims.

:: Beatrice Ngalula Kabutakapua
:: Foreign Correspondent || Researcher
:: Blog: www.balobeshayi.com
:: Skype: beka.trixie
:: Twitter: @Kabutakapua

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