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Analphabètisme de la femme congolaise

Les statistiques montrent qu'il y a plus des femmes analphabètes que les hommes. Cela est dû à plusieurs facteurs:
- La non considération de la femme dès le bas âges. On annonce la naissance de la fille par un seul cri, celle du garçon par deux cris, les jouets pour les garçon donc des tâches nobles, pour la fille, la vie maternelle et les tâches domestiques, le nom du garçon c'est Nahano, Cubaka, Ntunga qui veut dire le propriétaire, celui qui construit, pilier etc dans la fille on voit la richesse c'est pourquoi elle s’appelle Nabintu, Ziraje, Nankanfu ect, d'où pas de problème si la fille n'étudie pas car elle on amènera la dot, des vaches et autres objets des valeurs par quelqu'un qui étudie pour elle, alors il faut préparer le mariage du frère à partir de sa sœur qui restera analphabète.
- Pas de salaire pour le père qui parfois disparait dans les carrées miniers pendant plusieurs années, la mère se démène, le peu des moyens, c'est la garçon qui est scolarisé au détriment de la fille dont soit disant les études se terminent à la cuisine, cela fut encouragé par l'ancien code de la famille qui exigeait l’autorisation maritale à la femme avant de travailler.
- Plusieurs femmes ne sont pas instruites, elles ne voient pas l'importance d’amener la fille à l’école car elle est mariée, elle a des enfants, par l'ignorance elle véhicule cela aux enfants surtout, étant la première éducatrice , or éduquer une femme c'est éduquer toute une nation.Voilà que ceci va de génération en génération.
- Aussi la non intégration des quelques femmes qui ont déjà étudié avec des atout et des compétences dans les postes de travail les plus importants, ceux de prise des décisions où même trouver du travail avec beaucoup des conditions soit couchée avec le chef ou celui qui aide la fille (femme) à faire les démarches.Ceci décourage parfois les femmes malgré leurs bonnes volontés d'étudier. Le chemin à parcourir est encore long, les femmes doivent se serrer les coudes, avec leurs consciences, l'amour et l'unité nous pouvons vaincre et surtout par les plaidoiries des femmes des villes en faveurs des femme rurales.

English translation by PulseWire member milsgra

Statistics shows that there are more illiterate women than there are men. This is due to many factors: From a very young age women are dismissed. While the birth of a daughter is announced with one shout, the birth of a son is followed by two shouts. Boys learn through play to assume noble causes, but girls are groomed for domestic roles and maternal causes. Boys names are: Nahano, Cubaka, Ntunga meaning owner, builder, pillar while girls denote an investment that is why they name them: Nabintu, Ziraje, Nankanfu etc. She is a mean to monetary gain so schooling is not a priority for she can bring a dowry, cows and other valuable things through someone else’s education so at the sake of the daughter’s education the brother’s marriage must be financed. There is no salary for the father who is lost in the mines for many years. The mother must try very hard with the little that the family has to send the son to school at the detriment of the daughter. The old family code requiring a woman to get her husband’s permission to work encourages the idea that a daughter’s education is limited to the kitchen. Many women are not formally educated; the families don’t see the importance in sending a daughter to school. This cycle continues when that daughter becomes a wife then a mother and because of ignorance she in turns does not send her daughter to school. The mother is the child’s first teacher, and we know that if you educate a woman you educate a whole village. Women who are educated and have the ability and are competent enough to hold important positions are pushed out of the work force because to get the position they often have to sleep with the boss or the man who helped them through the process. This seldom discourages women from applying for jobs even if they have the credentials. We still have a long way to go, women must tighten the ranks with their conscience, love, unity thus we will be victorious. We also need women from the city to plead the case of those in the villages.

This story was written for World Pulse’s Ending Violence Against Women Digital Action Campaign.

World Pulse believes that women's stories, recommendations, and collective rising leadership can—and will—bring an end to gender-based violence. The EVAW Campaign elicits powerful content from women on the ground, strengthens their confidence as vocal grassroots leaders, and ensures that influencers and powerful institutions hear their stories.
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Comments

milsgra's picture

La femme

Il est important de parler de la femme et de son rôle prédestiné dans la société. Car a cause de son sex sa vie est déjà prédéterminée. Ceci constitue une certaine violence symbolique qui a pour but de garder la femme dans un niveau subalterne. Bonne Continuation!!!

milsgra's picture

Translation

Statistics shows that there are more illiterate women than there are men. This is due to many factors: From a very young age women are dismissed. While the birth of a daughter is announced with one shout, the birth of a son is followed by two shouts. Boys learn through play to assume noble causes, but girls are groomed for domestic roles and maternal causes. Boys names are: Nahano, Cubaka, Ntunga meaning owner, builder, pillar while girls denote an investment that is why they name them: Nabintu, Ziraje, Nankanfu etc. She is a mean to monetary gain so schooling is not a priority for she can bring a dowry, cows and other valuable things through someone else’s education so at the sake of the daughter’s education the brother’s marriage must be financed. There is no salary for the father who is lost in the mines for many years. The mother must try very hard with the little that the family has to send the son to school at the detriment of the daughter. The old family code requiring a woman to get her husband’s permission to work encourages the idea that a daughter’s education is limited to the kitchen. Many women are not formally educated; the families don’t see the importance in sending a daughter to school. This cycle continues when that daughter becomes a wife then a mother and because of ignorance she in turns does not send her daughter to school. The mother is the child’s first teacher, and we know that if you educate a woman you educate a whole village. Women who are educated and have the ability and are competent enough to hold important positions are pushed out of the work force because to get the position they often have to sleep with the boss or the man who helped them through the process. This seldom discourages women from applying for jobs even if they have the credentials. We still have a long way to go, women must tighten the ranks with their conscience, love, unity thus we will be victorious. We also need women from the city to plead the case of those in the villages.

Katie Welford's picture

Education is power

Dear Ruhebuza,

You really speak the truth! It is always a fight to get as much value for girls education, but it is so important, as we are equal to men and can achieve just as much if we are given the same opportunities. I think making connections with people in the city to put pressure on old traditions and change them is one good way forward. Good luck with your campaigning- we need more women like you in the world!

Katie

Nicole.Staudinger's picture

Equality

Dear Ruhebuza,

I completely agree with Katie. Obviously, women and men deserve the same opportunities, and you are so strong to speak out against the society in which you are forced to function. I hope you keep fighting for equal education for your sisters and daughters. The first step is sharing your voice, and we will all help to bring attention to your plight. We stand with you in the fight for equality. Good luck in unifying the women in your community and remember that there are millions of other women in solidarity with you!

Sincerely,
Nicole

Potter's picture

Such a good article

I enjoyed reading this article. You raise very many valid points, especially related to issues around educating women and girls. I would be very intetrested to read more of your writing especially if you followed up on some if the points you raise here. I'd like to hear more about what faces women when they try to enter the work force. What happens if they resist the attempted sexual exploitation? Is there any legal recourse for a sexually harrassed woman? Please keep writing! You have so many important things to say!

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