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DISCRIMINATION DE LA FEMME DANS LA RDC

I. INTRODUCTION
Depuis les années d'avant et après la colonisation le sexe féminin est discriminé dans la société à tous les niveaux.
Dès la naissance dans la famille, le garçon occupe la première place, la fille vient après malgré son âge.
À l'arrivé d'un garçonnet au monde la sage femme qui assiste la future mère lance deux cris de joie tandis que pour la fille elle fait un seul cri et cela annonce le sexe du nouveau né.
La femme qui a accouché est récompensée selon le nouveau né. Son mari lui offre une chèvre après la naissance d'un garçon tandis que celle qui a eu une fille on va lui chercher les entrailles d'une chèvre au marché.
1) lorsque le garçon atteint l'âge de la scolarisation, les parents l'inscrivent à l'école.
La fille reste à la maison pour garder les petits enfants et aide la mère pour les travaux ménagers.
Le garçon s'occupe de petits bétails et le reste de son temps il joue.
Après le décès du père, la mère et ses filles n'ont pas droits aux biens laissés par le défunt.
Les garçons se partagent l'héritage sous la supervision du fils ainé.
2) la fille qui a la chance d'aller à l'école ne bénéficie pas les mêmes avantages que les garçons.
Les parents privilèges les garçons qui arrivent à la fin de leurs études universitaires.
La prime des enseignants qui est devenue un calvaire pour les parents est bénéfique pour le garçon qui a terminé ses études.
La fille qui est abandonnée au milieu du chemin, contracte un mariage après ses études secondaire.
Je viens d'assister à une collation des finalistes à l'Université Officielle de Bukavu (UOB), il y avait un grand écart entre les garçons et les filles, les filles représentaient 29% et les garçons 61%.
3) la fille, victime de la discrimination mais qui a la chance de franchir et termine ses études universitaires rencontre des obstacles delà part des chefs administratifs qui ne veulent pas lui offrir un emploi malgré ses compétences. La femme qui parvient à décrocher une place d'emploi n'est pas considérée comme l'homme qui a le même titre académique qu'elle.
Le salaire est différent et n'obtient pas la chance d'être promis.
Bref, la place du commandement est destinée aux hommes et non aux femmes.

III. SOLUTIONS
Article 14 de la constitution de la RDC doit être respecté par tous sans exception.
1) - les pouvoirs publics veillent à l'élimination de toute forme de discrimination à l'égard de la femme et d'assurer la protection et la promotion de ses droits.
2) - les pouvoirs publics prennent dans tous domaines civils, politique, économique social et culturel, toutes les mesures appropriées pour assurer le total épanouissement et la pleine participation de la femme au développement de la nation
3) -les pouvoirs publics prennent les mesures pour lutter contre toute forme de violence faite à la femme dans la vie publique et dans la vie privée.
4) -la femme à droit à une représentation équitable au sein des institutions nationales, provinciales et locales.
5) -suivre le bon exemple de certaines ONG qui privilège les femmes lors d'offre d'emploi.

English translation by PulseWire member Nita

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN DRC

I. INTRODUCTION
For years before and after colonization the female gender is discriminated against, at all levels in society. In the family, the boy takes the first place at birth and the girl comes after, irrespective of her age.
Upon the arrival of a little boy in the world, the midwife attending to the mother gives two joyful shouts whereas for the girl, she gives one shout and that announces the sex of the newborn.
The woman who gave birth is rewarded according to the newborn. Her husband offers her a goat after the birth of a boy while for a girl they will get her the intestines of a goat from the market.
1) When the boy reaches school age, the parents enroll him in school.
The girl stays at home taking care of younger children and helping the mother with housework.
The boy takes care of small livestock and the rest of his time he plays.
After the death of the father, the mother and her daughters have not rights to property left by the deceased.
The boys share the inheritance under the supervision of the eldest son.
2) The girl who has the opportunity of going to school does not have the same advantages as the boy.
Parents favor boys to reach the end of their university studies.
The teacher’s fare which has become a nightmare for parents, is to the advantage of the boy who has completed his studies.
The girl who was abandoned somewhere along the line, contracts a marriage after the secondary school.
I just attended a cocktail for final year students of the Bukavu Official University (BOU), there was a big gap between boys and girls, girls represented 29% and 61% boys.

3) The girl; victim of discrimination but who was opportune to go through her university studies, still encounters obstacles from administrative heads who do not want to offer her employment despite her skills. The woman who succeeds in having a job is not considered like the man with the same academic title. The salary is different and there is no hope of better salary. Managerial posts are reserved for men and not for women

III. SOLUTIONS
Article 14 of the DRC Constitution must be respected by all without exception.
1) - the government should ensure the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and to ensure the protection and promotion of their rights.
2) - the government should in all fields; civil, political, economic, social and cultural fields take appropriate measures to ensure the full growth and full participation of the woman in the development of the nation.
3)-the government should take measures to fight against all forms of violence against women in public and in private life.
4)-the woman is entitled to equitable representation in national, provincial and local institutions.
5)-follow the good example of some NGOs that prefer women in their job adverts.

This story was written for World Pulse’s Ending Violence Against Women Digital Action Campaign.

World Pulse believes that women's stories, recommendations, and collective rising leadership can—and will—bring an end to gender-based violence. The EVAW Campaign elicits powerful content from women on the ground, strengthens their confidence as vocal grassroots leaders, and ensures that influencers and powerful institutions hear their stories.
Learn more »

Comments

Nita's picture

Un article bien ecrit

Bonjour Ma Rosalie
Félicitation pour votre article. C'est très bien écrit.
C'est intéressant et facile a comprendre.

Désormais, les sages femmes vont pousser 2 cris de joie a la naissance d'une fille comme d'un garçon.
L'enfant c'est l'enfant. Donc il faut dire aux femmes de ne plus accepter les intestines au lieu d'une chèvre entière après la naissance d'un enfant: fille ou garçon.
Merci

NITA

Nita's picture

Translation

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN DRC

I. INTRODUCTION
For years before and after colonization the female gender is discriminated against, at all levels in society. In the family, the boy takes the first place at birth and the girl comes after, irrespective of her age.
Upon the arrival of a little boy in the world, the midwife attending to the mother gives two joyful shouts whereas for the girl, she gives one shout and that announces the sex of the newborn.
The woman who gave birth is rewarded according to the newborn. Her husband offers her a goat after the birth of a boy while for a girl they will get her the intestines of a goat from the market.
1) When the boy reaches school age, the parents enroll him in school.
The girl stays at home taking care of younger children and helping the mother with housework.
The boy takes care of small livestock and the rest of his time he plays.
After the death of the father, the mother and her daughters have not rights to property left by the deceased.
The boys share the inheritance under the supervision of the eldest son.
2) The girl who has the opportunity of going to school does not have the same advantages as the boy.
Parents favor boys to reach the end of their university studies.
The teacher’s fare which has become a nightmare for parents, is to the advantage of the boy who has completed his studies.
The girl who was abandoned somewhere along the line, contracts a marriage after the secondary school.
I just attended a cocktail for final year students of the Bukavu Official University (BOU), there was a big gap between boys and girls, girls represented 29% and 61% boys.

3) The girl; victim of discrimination but who was opportune to go through her university studies, still encounters obstacles from administrative heads who do not want to offer her employment despite her skills. The woman who succeeds in having a job is not considered like the man with the same academic title. The salary is different and there is no hope of better salary. Managerial posts are reserved for men and not for women

III. SOLUTIONS
Article 14 of the DRC Constitution must be respected by all without exception.
1) - the government should ensure the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and to ensure the protection and promotion of their rights.
2) - the government should in all fields; civil, political, economic, social and cultural fields take appropriate measures to ensure the full growth and full participation of the woman in the development of the nation.
3)-the government should take measures to fight against all forms of violence against women in public and in private life.
4)-the woman is entitled to equitable representation in national, provincial and local institutions.
5)-follow the good example of some NGOs that prefer women in their job adverts.

NITA

Portlandia's picture

Another great article!

Thank you Rosalie, for another informative article. I have learned much from reading your works and it really pains me that women are treated this way in your country. I wish for change for you and your fellow Congolese women and for strength for you to continue to make this information available so that others can join to support you.
Best, Lynn

ddegarm's picture

Thank you for speaking out.

Women around the world face so many obstacles - especially when embroiled in unstable conditions. thank you for informing us of your concerns so that we may advocate on your behalf. Keep visiting the NGOs in your area and press them to help you receive justice. Letters will be sent from my end asking the government to abide by the constitution it adopted.

“Women have a special capacity to lead us to a more peaceful world with compassion, affection and kindness. And there is no more important time for that than this moment.” - Dalai Lama

amirchima's picture

Very informative

There is no better time than the present to hold the government accountable for enforcing the constitution. This post is a step towards raising awareness and hopefully you can implement action by pressing local organizations to raise their collective voices for all to abide by what should be obvious - equal treatment at all ages of life for women.

Thank you for sharing.

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