Community Update

Digital Empowerment Toolkit Now Available!

At World Pulse, we recognize the need for ongoing learning—for you and for your community! Our toolkits aim to provide the resources you need to advance your social change work.

We are excited to introduce our Digital Empowerment Trainers’ Toolkit, a dynamic resource to help you bring the benefits of connecting online to women in your community. Check it out today! »

Domestic hunt for traditional ritual practices

Mpegnoh animates during HRM Fon Ngwefuni II death celebration

Throughout March 2012 in Bafanji village, most owners of pigs, goats, fowls lived in fear of having their domestic animals caught for ritual sacrifices

Known as Mpegnoh, this scary royal practice have existed long before modern civilization between Bafanji and other villages (especially those from North West and Western regions) in Cameroon.

And this horrendous practice only occurs when a Fon dies. The village bereaved then become the hunting ground for food to the visiting village secret god ‘juju’ (a kind of human spirit totem) –

In March 2012, friends and supporters joined the people of Bafanji to celebrate a year, after the death of His Royal Majesty, Andrew Yemo Ngwefuni II. Born 1935, enthroned Fon of Bafanji in 1964. A leadership role he held till March 13th 2011 when he passed away.

Around Six a.m. said Mrs. Doris P - Just as she was about to enter her kitchen, she saw some young men, over 7 in numbers- coming towards her direction. Among them were two men, each holding a long whip, dressed in thick rope decorated with fowl feathers, with their heads covered in dark cloth mask.

“The moment, I spotted their presence” Doris P, a Bafanji-based woman, professional agricultural-engineer and a domestic animals owner narrates her experience in an interview. “I knew it was them”. With so much strength and energy, they look around for any animal to catch as if it belongs to them. She added

“It’s unfair” said one woman in a crowd from a distance, in a loud and unhappy voice. “…Yes! You have taken my healthy fowls and my goat – are you happy?” she added.

Bafanji is a village situated at the eastern end of Ndop Plain. And it is one of thirteen (13) ethnic groups that make up Ngo-Ketunjia Division in the North West Region of Cameroon.

In a maiden edition of Bafanji Summit Magazine, Pungong Cyprian reports that Bafanji genealogy can be traced far back as from the 16 century. Since then, Bafanji have had twenty-nine (29) Fons – including the present.

However, speaking with a Bafanji notable regarding this scary royal practice which can be far traced to the 16 century, Pa Joseph says:” it has always been the traditional that no woman, man or children owns any property – everything belongs to the Fon”.

He [the Fon] owns everything; the land, the fowls, crops…everything – Pa Joe said in a calm voice, with an expression that shows deep reflection of past happening.

The reason – he added- mpegnoh moves freely to hunt, catch and harvest anything it desires to eat.

“Even, my giant bunch plantain in my garden was cut away today by Mpegnoh” Pa Joseph said.
Of all the persons I spoke to – none was in support of this practice. They condemned it and criticized the Bafanji mpegnoh for having involved in such unproductive practice –

“It is Bafanji who wants this to continue”. Ma Margaret, a Bafanji business woman. It just pay-back time for Bafanji. She said

Besides, crop growing like rice, maize, groundnuts, pepper, coffee, and bean – it’s worth noting that animals farming constitute a major activity in Bafanji. Through which both women and men have been able to improve their living condition, sent their children to school, and take adequate care of the family medical health care. This has also helped reduce poverty and hunger in the communities.

And thus an invasion by mpegnoh puts a lot of families under stress as they are deprived from enjoying [benefiting] from their investment. And this means lost in terms of revenue and personal satisfaction for the animal owners.

That notwithstanding, there is great hope as people say that the current Fon, HRM Ngwefuon II has demonstrated great interest in eradicating most ancient practices which impede development in the village.

Protrait of Juju Mpegnoh


Bonnie Samuel's picture


I am assuming that "Fon" are always male? What a horrid practice, senseless too.

zoneziwoh's picture


Very patriarchal and biased.
It is indeed a foolish practice in such a modern era. Personally, I was ashame , shocked and speechless to know that such practices still take place in my village. I had never imagined that my village was still preserving such practices.

anyway--my trip was such an eye opening. there are lots of things i discovered - especially concerning the disrespect of women's rights, sexuality and reproduction health. I think it is another challenge on me and my peers to address this issue.

Stay Blessed



Facebook:Zoneziwoh Mbondgulo Wondieh

Twitter | Instagram: @ZoFem

Bonnie Samuel's picture

Bonnie here

Hi Zoneziwoh,

I am now 67 years old and am more bewildered now than ever about the thinking and values of men! It is hard to comprehend how the Fon men could possibly take seriously this ritual they do, nor "think" it right to take what isn't theirs.

I always learn from your writings. Thank you.

Magazine »

Read global coverage through women's eyes

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Community »

Connect with women on the ground worldwide

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

PAKISTAN: They Went to School and Never Came Back

Campaigns »

Be heard at influential forums

WWW: Women Weave the Web

WWW: Women Weave the Web

Programs »

Help us train women citizen journalists

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

Blog »

Read the latest from World Pulse headquarters

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Announcing Our Prize Winners!

Partners »

Join forces with our wide network of partners

Nobel Women's Initiative

Nobel Women's Initiative