Can Aid Relief Afghanistan from Poverty:
Aid Reliefs Afghanistan from Poverty:
This paper will argue that, the rich have a duty to spend aid to the global poor for two reasons. Firstly, Aid will give a chance for poor to grow. Secondly, aid is a solution to relief the poor from extreme poverty; and consequently, aid will end internal conflicts and can be a tool for the development of a country. If you want to be an ethical person, then help others, because helping others the way that others might have helped you, if they were in your place is considered an ethical action. As the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them to do unto you” (Singer, 16). Aid not only changes individual’s life, but also it helps the society and the country to grow and be able to provide their basic needs like water, food, shelter, and medicine. According to Peter Singer, “by donating to aid agencies, you can prevent suffering and death from luck of food, shelter, and medical care, without sacrificing anything nearly as important (Singer, 15). As an example of one of the poorest countries, this paper will consider Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is very poor, statistic and some economic facts prove that many people are in need of support to recover from their crucial situation. Afghanistan GDP per capita, the percentage of employment is very low, it has only $900 GDP per capita (2010 est.), 35% of people are unemployed (2008 est.), and 36% of people live under the poverty line (FY08/09) ("Central Intelligence Agency"). To add on this fact, Jalali indicates that, “Afghanistan’s development index is the lowest in the world. The majority of Afghanistan’s population suffer from a multidimensional poverty that includes inadequate access to productive assets, social services, health services, and education.15 the illiteracy rate is about 80 percent, and life expectancy is less than 45” (Jalali, 1).
It is us, who can rescue the lives of those poor who are dying from hunger, luck of medical care, and shelter while we are enjoying the luxuries. Two reasons demonstrates that It is our obligation to spend some not as nearly important on aid, which will promote live changing results that we will feel good about it. The first reason is that you give a chance for the poor to grow and make them better off, which will result to a better economy within the country and the world. The second reason is that, aid is a solution to relief the poor from extreme poverty, which means by aid we can provide them the basic needs like food, shelter, and medical care. Aid will also end internal conflicts and can be a tool for the development of a country. One reason of conflicts is misplacement, shelter, or land to provide food, so as we supply their basic needs till they can afford themselves; we indeed have made a peaceful and more equal world. A peaceful world, where everyone is better off, there are no conflicts and no deaths from hunger, shelter, or diseases because of poverty. Thus, while we are the peacemakers, and make ourselves feel god, so it is our duty to spend on aid.
However, a crucial objection to my argument is presented by Dambisa Moyo, she thinks that “Aid is the silent killer of growth,” and two of her reasons are fuel corruption, and curtails on taxation in the government (Moyo54, 59, 40). In her book the world of Aid, She says, “Ultimately, Africa’s goal is long-term, sustainable economic, and the alleviation of poverty. This cannot occur in an environment where corruption is rife” (Moyo, 50). By this she means by having corruption in the government, economic sustainability is almost impossible. Moreover, her second reason against aid is that, she thinks, the trust of civil society will be decreased on the corrupt government, and the government also will be less dependent on its people that will result a not healthy economics, and government. (Moyo, 58).
Moyo’s objection is true in case of some countries, but it is different in some other countries. My first reply to Moyo’s Objection is that even by having a corrupt government; still aid can promote economic sustainability in a long term goal. For example, Afghanistan is one of the most corrupted countries, but if we consider only GDP, or unemployment rate we can see a slight improvement. Afghanistan GDP in 2008 was $800, but in 2009, it was $900. The unemployment rate in 2005 was 40%, but in 2008 it was 35% ("Central Intelligence Agency"). These facts shows that besides a corrupt government there have been improvement and aid had worked to some extent. The reason is because the aim of aid is to help people, however; by having a corrupt country, still a small amount of aid will reach to people. Besides, that amount of aid, they get chance to enjoy other opportunities that comes with aid like knowledge, capacity building which they are learning from foreign worker in their country, and capacity to make work opportunities for themselves.
Furthermore, It is true that in some countries, civil society do not trust a corrupt government, but it does not mean that government will not be dependent on its people and will not have a healthy economic system and improvement at all. Aid might make the economic progress of government slower, but government as its responsibility to its people will have some progress by the course of time. For example, if we consider the Afghanistan tax system and its tax revenue according to Afghan Revenue Department, “Total revenue collections amounted to AFN 40.4 billion for the first five months of 1390(2011), an increase of 30 percent year-on-year compared with revenue collections of AFN 31.1 billion for the first five months of 1389(2010) ("Afghan Revenue Development"). This statistics shows that actually there has been an improvement in taxing revenue from 2010 to 2011.
Therefore, aid does work and it a duty for rich to spend on aid on the global poor, give them a chance to grow, and create an equal peaceful world. Aid is like a medicine, water food, and home that can end extreme poverty and end conflicts within regions.
Singer, Peter. "The Life you can save." Random House. (2009): 16. Print.
Moyo, Dambisa. "The world of Aid." New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, (2009): 54,59,40. Print.
JALALI, Alia. "The Future of Afghanistan ." Parameters. (2006): 1. Web. 13 Oct. 2011. .
"The World Fact Book." Centeral Intellegence Agency. the World FAct Book, 13/10/11. Web. 13 Oct 2011. .
"Afghanistan Large Tax Payer Office." Afghan Revenue Development. the World FAct Book, 13/10/11. Web. 13 Oct 2011. .