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Sound effect from the Sudan

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Dear Madam Michelle Bachelet,
Congratulations\ Madam Michelle, you are now our UN Under –Secretary-General

That the barriers which prevent the activation of women's participation are many and complex and vary from one country to another and according to the circumstances social, cultural, political and economic.

Suffering of the Sudanese to understand that the role of women e main is the responsibility of wife and mother, due to the traditional division of labor, which connects women's specific functions and assumes that the public action and political circles (The Men) woman should not enter into it, making just enter the political arena difficult to mention to gain credibility and influence, in addition, if a woman worker deficit "Great Mrakzalkhaddmat and child-care institutions leads to devote its typical also of illiteracy are factors Actual hindering women's political participation and that of the large share among women ... and this despite the fact that for some models of women a leading role in public life

There are obstacles to economic challenges that are in poverty, which spread by a large margin among women, where 70% of a worker running women's participation.

That all of these challenges are interrelated and connected to each other for example, electoral systems affected by the success factors of cultural and social as well as that the availability of means of communication and technology associated with the economic situation and must therefore be to eliminate those obstacles that keep in mind Tgieralgueta Cultural how to write history and teach it and the image of women in the curriculum school and how to deal with the flags of women in public life are all reflections of the culture and the prevailing image of women in Sudanese society, we find ourselves in front of the multi-cultural accept equality and participation of women and rejected and another devoted to inferiority.

Positive political participation of women and men both contribute to the establishment of democracy and nation-building which allows for effective political participation of women in accordance with the rules of equality and social justice that guarantees women's access to the Centers for making and political decision-making.

The status of women in Darfur

When we talk about the conditions of women comes to mind the situation of women in wars and conflicts and Mtlazemadtha of violence and violations of human Alencaoualansanp particular murder, rape and all kinds of physical and psychological violence.

We find that the world is interested in the situation of women, especially those under the brunt of the coanflict and the best example of that resolution 1325, which issued in 2000 on the protection of women and their involvement in the peace process and included a resolution to address the situation of women in conflict and displacement, asylum and the provision of services, protection and participation in peace operations.

We all realize that the woman in Darfur constitute the backbone in the life of agricultural and pastoral, but this effort in the production of traditionally marginalized in the absence of training and capacity building and support for production inputs with failure to regulate the marketing and the markets to receive the products in addition to illiteracy among women in the region and the deterioration of health services basic and drinking water, which kills women in brought most of their time and Disaster different led to the displacement and their displacement, including famine and tribal conflicts, which is linked to originally land ownership and Hawakeer and also the phenomena of armed robbery and the spread of weapons of widespread poverty and unemployment and injustice of political all these reasons, sparking the war now and all the reasons I raised the situation of women in the region and contributed to the weakness of public participation.

The status of women in the Darfur Peace Agreement

That the women of Darfur Bzln effort estimated in the preparation of the priorities related to women in power and wealth and arrangements Alamnipopalrgem that the Abuja agreement signed on May 5, 2006 Berutkulath different had given women the rights and earnings In the guideline principles basic Article (1) (15) adopted the Convention poor representation of women in government institutions and in the decision-making positions at all levels and there is a need to take measures to ensure women's participation Nhomtkavyau also Article 2 (20) provides capacity-building and the establishment of programs to address the issues of war, but not to signal clearly to women, but this does not mean to say that the Darfur Peace Agreement more positive for the direction of women's issues.

Mechanisms to activate the participation of women in power structures in Darfur

The local government is the level of harm which descend power of the population and is considered closer level of governance for the majority of women. It touches the issues of population, daily food, drink, clothing, health and education, environment, security and all Akhaddmat and women in Darfur is the full responsibility for the family and child rearing, and alignment of memorial so it was a priority for the women of Darfur women's participation in Kavpmstoyat Local Government and the civil administration. The Darfur Peace Agreement has not given this level of attention it deserves without the involvement of women.

Women's participation in the administrative structure in Darfur
That the governance structure in Darfur over several stages in the evolution of natural now before the year 1990 was one province divided into Mdiritin according to the division of geographical location, taking into account the Turkbip social, in 1990 was Aadptksim region to 14 provinces but did not last much did women participate in its management, in 1992 was reconsider the structure to fit with the federal government and the Department of the three states and fourteen province and more than twenty Office of the Commissioner was not involved women in the management of any of them, and the failure of this division for many reasons, singled, including the economy complementary and Darfur. if we talked about the division of civil or tribal is varies from state to state In North Darfur (El Fasher) is found as follows, the Sultan, the king, Alchertaih, and mayors and sheiks. The Western Darfur (El Geneina) as follows Sultan Acharaty mayors and Senate Awaldmalj In South Darfur, Nyala Hokma Almekdom Leila, Sultan, Hraty a system for managing either the Fur and Baggara is the beholder mayors and sheiks. But those administrative regulations in the different tribal consistent non-participation of women in any of them. Although we find there are initiatives and participation of women Kachikp hot in some big cities such as Nyala and El Geneina and.

Conclusion
This paper has touched on above that all of these challenges are interrelated and connected to each other for example, cultural factors, social and Nzerpalmojtma affected the effective participation of women in all different levels of management, so we had to propose recommendations and mechanisms contribute to activating the participation of women in Darfur.

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As the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women officially begins its work this month, World Pulse is asking women worldwide: What is YOUR vision and recommendation for UN Women? We invite you to raise your voice by writing a letter to UN Women Executive Director Michelle Bachelet outlining your recommendation for how this new UN agency can truly affect change on the ground to promote gender equality and uphold the rights and needs of women both on a local and global scale.
Learn more: http://www.worldpulse.com/pulsewire/programs/international-violence-agai...

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jadefrank's picture

Thank you!

Dearest Raga,

Thank you so much for speaking up for women in Sudan - especially for women who have no platform to voice their needs - and sharing your recommendations for the new UN Women agency. Your voice is so powerful and your contributions to this community have been so rich and eye-opening.

I am currently working to compile your letters and share your voices with the GEAR Campaign, who have been working closely with UN Women to ensure the inclusion of civil society groups, and through the PulseWire community, grassroots women leaders, as they set their agenda. We will also be sending your letters directly to Michele Bachelet and other senior leaders of the newly formed UN agency, to demonstrate the effectiveness for sourcing opinion, knowledge and needs from the global grassroots women's movement through our online community. Through this, we hope to open a portal for our community to have a direct line of influence within the UN Women agency.

I will keep you updated on the progress of our campaign!

In friendship and solidarity,
Jade

rgdaoud's picture

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