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Recommend Article for those who are Interested in Burmese Affairs

Yesterday, one of the Emails in my inbox was Mandatory military service which was sent to civil society organizations and individuals by Burma Democratic Concern (BDCs). I myself have written about that law here, in WorldPulse. After reading the article, I would like to share it to those who might be interested about Burma. I like the ways they present background information and their augmentative statements. There can be someone who would say that the BDCs would say so because they are anti-authority group but as an active citizen who has been living in this country for 24 years, I can approve that the facts and figures they provide are deadly true. It’s worthy to spend time reading it if you want to know more about the situations in Burma.

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Mandatory military service: Wake up call for all the citizens of Burma (25 Jan 2011)

Dear Friends,

Burma's military government will introduce a draft for men aged between 18 and 45, and women aged between 18 and 35 will be required to serve up to three years in the Burmese military or face a lengthy jail term. The legislation was enacted on 17 December 2010 and requires all fit adults to register with local authorities for the draft by saying that “Every citizen has the duty to undergo military training in accord with the provisions of the law and to serve in the Armed Forces to defend the Union.”

Burma has been under successive military dictatorship for more than 50 years and people are suffering tremendously. The military maintains an extensive network of security forces ready to arrest anyone suspected of holding or expressing anti-authoritarian opinions in Burma.

Laws have been established that criminalize freedom of thought, expression, association, assembly and movement, thus legitimizing these arbitrary arrests and continued to arbitrarily detain people across Burma.

The military maintained complete control over the legal system and remained unbound by any legislation or constitutional provision for a fair trial, due process of law or any other rights. Military government denies basic rights to due process of law, a fair and public trial in political cases.

Burma's economic crisis continues to deepen under military rules and people earn on a wage of around $1 a day. Unemployment is rising dramatically every month while prices of consumer goods are escalating out of control while living standards of many Burmese are declining rapidly.

One child in three under the age of five is already suffering from malnutrition, less than 50 per cent of children will complete five years of education according to UN reports. In Burma, people face complete lack of access to basic social services such as health services, and water sanitation.

Under the military generals, poverty has soared and corruption is growing. Burma spends less than $3 per person per year on health and education – well below the World Health Organization recommended level of $40 per person.

Children under the age of 18 are about 40% of Burma population but junta does not consider children’s development and welfare as a priority. Instead junta used almost half of the state budget spending for the arm leaving very little for the vital education and health care systems.

Decades of junta’s mismanagement of the economy has resulted in an appalling economic situation forcing the parents to rely on the contribution of their children working in order to feed their families. Since 1990, government expenditure on civilian education has dropped by 70 percent, and the most recent statistics indicate that spending on education is currently equivalent to less than 1% of the GDP.

According to World Bank figures, Burma’s military government spends only $0.28 per year for every child in a public school. The Burmese government spends seven times less on education than on the armed forces.

By analyzing above figures and statistics, Burma is leading seemingly towards the fail state. Ordinary people are hard hit and they are struggling to survive day to day lives under junta.

Burma is the agricultural country made up of with peasants and farmers up to 70% of the 60 million populations. But, successive military regimes ignore the plights of the farmers but exploit them.

Ruling junta cannot even provide enough electricity for the citizens for decades now even though having discovered the massive oil and gas reserves and exporting them to neighboring countries.

When released from house arrest, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi emphasis establishing the youths’ networks so as to communicate and connect locally as well as internationally. Following her guidance and leadership, there are several networks established inside and outside Burma cooperating in the areas of promoting civil society organizations, humanitarian assistance, education, poverty alleviation and health care system etc.

Junta becomes too fearful of the dynamic cooperation of the youths synchronizing movement inside and outside Burma. In order to divert the attention, junta publicized the mandatory military service draft which in itself is the very solid example of the militarization of the nation.

In that scenario, Burma does not need mandatory military service. It is unwise to practice and not necessary at present. Instead, peace should be restored, civil war should be ceased, and poverty should be alleviated.

Burma Democratic Concern (BDCs) calls for all the citizens of Burma to say “NO” to the regime enacting mandatory military service draft in Burma.

http://www.bdcburma.org/StudentDetails.asp?Id=109

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Comments

NI NI AYE's picture

It means they are going to use people

Dear sister

Thank you so much for this most interesting and worrying news in Burma. I have also got this message from different sources and many people are blaming on this for using people and budget for heir own interest. We people don't have any enemies but they are going to use us to protect them for their long wealth and long lasting power. I hope people will be united to say 'No' to this forced service.

Best Regards

NI NI

Congratulations on Very Happy Teachers Day through ten years journey!

Insha Allah's picture

terrible

Dear Ma,

Of course! Everything is very disappointing. Myanmar is a country under poverty line in one part. And on the other hand, we, the people inside the country know the tremendous wealth of our country but all are in the hands of those generals and elites and most of the ordinary citizens are in sufferings. Exactly! We may be the enemies for them if they assume something we do can pose a thread to their fool in power.Hopefully! We can persist this time.

Best regards,
Insha

Shwe Wutt Hmon

NI NI AYE's picture

Absolutely right my sister

Hi my smart sister

You found the truths very clearly . Have you known that they are building the palace like house for them .You can imagine the cost of a door nob with gold is 75 million kyats and there are several doors in a mansion and there are many more luxurious facilities which they are not content yet and asking for changing with more luxurious things. I can't find the words to express my feeling on that. See you my sinister.

Love

NI NI

Congratulations on Very Happy Teachers Day through ten years journey!

Insha Allah's picture

see you

Dear Ma,

See you! Please pass my best wishes to your office.

Best regards,
Insha Allah

Shwe Wutt Hmon

NI NI AYE's picture

I want to correct something

Hi again sister

I will pass your wish message . I also want to correct the cost of the door nob. It's 75 lakh kyats, not 75 million kyats. I was confuse with units.

Love

NI NI

Congratulations on Very Happy Teachers Day through ten years journey!

HARMONY's picture

I still don't understand why

I still don't understand why we want to destroy all we have before thinking of development and building? May be it is poverty, poverty in finance, behaviour and mind...
May we find ways to build awareness and raise voiced to change our community. You've done well by sharing!

Trust your HOPES, not your fears... Harmony

Insha Allah's picture

We are together

Dear sister Harmony,

Yes! They way we think and behave influence in the well-being of our community and ourselves. Here, in my country's affair too, the way those junta intend and want influence and sunken the country.

We are together fighting against those unfairness with our voices.

with love,
Insha Allah

Shwe Wutt Hmon

Rachael Maddock-Hughes's picture

Thank you

Thank you for posting this information Insha Allah. It is so important that the outside world knows what is going on in Burma. I fear though, that without pressure from neighbors like India, China and Thailand, things will be very slow to change! Because it is not just the government inside your country that benefits from the wealth, but country neighbors and international companies alike.

Kind regards,

Rachael

"In every human heart there are a few passions that last a lifetime. They're with us from the moment we're born, and nothing can dilute their intensity." Rob Brezny

Insha Allah's picture

China, India and Asean

Dear Rachael,

In the previous November, when I joined to Oxfam International Youth Partnership program, I had a chance to sit in a press conference focusing on Myanmar and Aung San Su Kyi. The questions I and my fellow citizen received many times was " What's your opinion on the participation of China and Asean on Myanmar affairs?" So, in India, there are also attendants from China and Asean, it is very difficult to respond that questions. As it is a youth conference, I do not want to make any sense of enemy between the nations. We tried to answer very cleverly. However, honestly, what you see is exactly right and I totally agree. Without the support of those countries, Myanmar people will be in very long struggle and the regime can hold the power and money strongly. Personally, I am very angry to them. Even in Aung San Su Kyi case too, now most of the embassies and international organizations invite her and talk with her for the matter of Myanmar's democracy movement, but China and Asean has not had any discuss with her and China is denying to meet her.

Best regards,
Insha Allah

Shwe Wutt Hmon

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