Get our free emagazine!

At a Glance: UN Milestones

Women have fought to defend their rights within the global decision-making body of United Nations since its inception. Here are some milestones of the movement for equality within the UN:

1946

Commission on the Status of Women created; independent entity in 1947.

1947

Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict adopted.

1975

First UN Conference on Women in Mexico City; annual meeting as of 1987.

1976

UN Development for Women is created; becomes UNIFEM in 1984.

1979

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW) adopted.

1994

UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appointed.

2000

UN Security Council Resolution 1325 mandates gender lens on conflicts.

2006

High level panel on coherence named to study gender reform of UN.

2010

UN approves creation of UN Women as new agency.

Source: Charlotte Bunch, GEAR; UN.

Looking Ahead: The First 100 Days

Read Michelle Bachelet's 100 day action plan for UN Women.

Explore recommendations for UN Women from the World Pulse community

Visit UN Women to stay up to date on the agency's progress

A New Era Begins at UN Women

In 2006, the GEAR campaign (Gender Equality Architecture Reform) was created to push for major reform at the UN. That year, a UN coherence panel charged with consolidating and strengthening the gender equality architecture in the UN included a key recommendation of "ambitiously funding the new organization." Charlotte Bunch, feminist leader and co-facilitator of the GEAR campaign, says "exposing the gap between rhetoric and reality of what the UN was doing [for women]" helped convince the men on the coherence panel to back a serious reform." We were able to get to people who were used to thinking in millions of dollars and who were surprised to see how little was going to women," she explains.

But words didn't amount to action. Three years later, Bunch reported that women occupied less than 30% of high-level professional posts at the UN—a figure that drops as one rises in position—despite a UN internal mandate of a 50/50 male-female ratio by the year 2000. The European GEAR focal point also found that funding for the four women's units that today make up UN Women was roughly $221 million—less than 1% of the $27 billion that the UN and all its agencies were then spending. By comparison, UNICEF had a budget of over $3 billion.

Today, UN Women begins its work with more money: $77 million in new funding has been committed. That's still $200 million short of a minimum $500 million initial operating budget—and way below the hoped-for $1 billion. “UN Women needs money—period,” stresses Ritu Sharma, Co-Founder and President of Women Thrive Worldwide, pointing out an immediate line in the sand. “We have excellent leadership. President Bachelet is the best; she is smart, focused, and powerful. But she can't do anything without money. The planned US contribution to UN Women is less than $20 million. That's pathetic. Yes, budgets are tight everywhere in the world, including in the US. But this is not a moment to let women down.”

“Everything hinges on funding,” assert Donovan and Lewis. “Now that member states have taken the first steps to revolutionize the UN—and it's time to put their money where their mouths are—they can't backslide. They can't revert to the status quo, pretending that they meant for UN Women simply to be a sum of its parts—a very slightly enhanced version of the 'gender architecture' that has not been serving the world's women or the UN up to now.”

Choosing Among Battles

The budget battle is one of a number of looming challenges facing UN Women. One of its first tasks is to smoothly integrate and coordinate the work of four separate agencies that—like all UN agencies—compete for turf and funds. While gender advocates within the UN agreed on the UN's failures, some resisted the call for a new umbrella agency, fearful of losing their power or jobs.

The new hybrid architecture of the agency addresses its need to do multiple things at once: support women-focused progams like those UNIFEM has long supported, set policy standards, and monitor implementation. This all falls under the broad concept of gender mainstreaming: a cross-cutting, integrative process that applies a gender rights lens to institutional policy and programs.

Kavita Ramdas says that UN Women must define a new role and agenda at the UN—taking gender demands into new spheres. Up to now, she feels, the creation of women's agencies has somewhat siloed them—and allowed other agencies off the hook for gender reform. UN Women should continue building upon the bricks put in place by UNIFEM and its sister agencies to support women's programs, but it needs to redefine the problems. “It's not, 'Oh, here is your money to fund a few nice women's projects,'” she says. UN Women, especially with powerhouse Bachelet in charge, “has the chance to engage in a different way.”

She points to sexual violence as an example. “I think one of the things the women's movement is trying to show are the deep links of sexual violence to structures of militarism and violence institutionally, on a wide society level, and what is directed against women.” She wants UN Women to “sit in on Security Council decisions on war and peace. It's very important for agencies to take part in deliberations when you are negotiating peace settlements.” Whenever there are major critical political questions or crises like Sudan, nuclear stand-down in North or South Korea”—she ticks off examples—“this agency is at the table. That is a very different role for the agency.” . . .

Comments

amiesissoho's picture

Let's not give up

Women's efforts are mostly limited to pilots projects and limited budgets. Opportunities are far limited for us to see our dreams come true, not only as individuals but the masses of grassroots women we give hope as the fore bearers. The birth of the UN WOMEN is indeed felt in my organization. Lets not give up.

Amie

nasreenamina's picture

I am proud

she is a chilean as me, and also as me, suffered violence in her life, but she transformed it in something powerful.

One's life has value so long as one attributes value to the life of others, by means of love, friendship, indignation and compassion

Follow me @DivinaFeminista

Magazine »

Read global coverage through women's eyes

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Inside Congo's Growing Sisterhood

Community »

Connect with women on the ground worldwide

Myra Musico: My Disability Is Not an Obstacle

Myra Musico: My Disability Is Not an Obstacle

Campaigns »

Be heard at influential forums

WWW: Women Weave the Web

WWW: Women Weave the Web

Programs »

Help us train women citizen journalists

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

World Pulse Voices of Our Future

Blog »

Read the latest from World Pulse headquarters

EMAGAZINE: Bridging Borders

EMAGAZINE: Bridging Borders

Partners »

Join forces with our wide network of partners

Nobel Women's Initiative

Nobel Women's Initiative